Religionsfrihed i Mellemøsten og NordafrikaYear of rebellion-forside

Hvordan ser situationen ud mht. religionsfrihed i Mellemøsten og Nordafrika, specielt efter det arabiske forår? På denne side vil dette spørgsmål blive belyst gennem henvisninger til analyser, kommentarer og forskning.

Amnesty Internationa, "Middle East and North Africa: Year of rebellion: The state of human rights in the Middle East and North Africa" (2012)
"2011 was a year without precedent for the peoples of the Middle East and North Africa region. It was a year in which millions of people of all ages and backgrounds flooded on to the streets to demand change. Dubbed the “Arab Spring”, in fact the protests brought together in common cause people from many different communities. This report describes the events of this tumultuous year, one which saw much suffering and sadness but also spread hope within the region and beyond, to countries where other people face repression and everyday abuse of their human rights." Download.

BBC, "Guide - Christians in the Middle East"
"The Middle East is the birthplace of Christianity and home to some of the world's most ancient Christian denominations. But Christian communities across the region are declining in numbers because of a combination of low birth rates, emigration and, in some places, persecution and violence." Download.

CBS, "Christians of the Holy Land” (aired on April 22, 2012)
The exodus from the Holy Land of Palestinian Christians could eventually leave holy cities like Jerusalem and Bethlehem without a local Christian population, Bob Simon reports. Why are they leaving? For some, life in the middle of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has become too difficult.60 Minute report – Christians of the Holy Land. The following script is from “Christians of the Holy Land” which aired on April 22, 2012. Bob Simon is the correspondent. Harry Radliffe, producer. Download.

Die Welt Online: "Lage verfolgter Christen undramatischer als angenommen. Experten berichten im Menschenrechtsausschuss des Bundestages über Nahost und Nordafrika" (Die Welt Online 10/5/12)
"Die deutschen Bemühungen um den Schutz verfolgter Christen in Nordafrika und dem Nahen Osten laufen offenbar teilweise ins Leere. Von einer systematischen Verfolgung in diesen Regionen könne nicht die Rede sein, erklärten Experten im Menschenrechtsausschuss, wie der Bundestag am Donnerstag mitteilte. Ein Eingreifen von außen würde demnach nur Probleme schaffen." Blandt eksperterne er den lutherske palæstinensiske teolog fra Betlehem, Mitri Raheb.  Download.

Grim, J, "Rising Restrictions on Religion as Part of the Context of Arab Spring & Its Aftermath" (2012)
The paper was presented at a conference on "Christians in the Arab World: One Year After the Arab Spring, European Parliament, Burssels, May 9, 2012. Download.

Hulsman, Cornelis, "Exacerbating the position of Christians in Egypt through reporting out of context harms Egypt’s Christians" (2012)
The paper was presented at a conference on "Christians in the Arab World: One Year After the Arab Spring, European Parliament, Burssels, May 9, 2012. Download.

Meral, Ziya, "The True Test of Democracy in the Middle East" (Today's Zaman 1/11/11)
"As the sociopolitical changes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) continue to dazzle and excite, analysts are trying to decode what the word “democracy” means for the new actors in the region and how the democratization process may or may not unfold. Unlike popular perceptions, the measure of things to come is not whether fair and free elections are held, but whether or not religious freedom will be upheld." Download.

Meral, Ziya, " Shariah in Times of Political Change" (24/4/12)
"For the vast majority of Muslims living in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, cries for Shariah are cries for equality, justice, fairness and moral values in the face of corrupt politicians and regimes. But whenever such genuine calls were used by political elites to maintain their power by purporting to uphold Islam, or used by opposition movements to achieve power with claims of being Islam’s standard-bearers, the result was often disastrous. Few if any of the problems leading to calls for Shariah were solved and, in som cases, things became much worse." Download.

Raheb, Mitri, "The Revolutions in the Arab World: The Promise and the Illusion" (April 20, 2011)

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