Religionsmøde

NY BOG OM "RELIGIØS MANGFOLDIGHED OG RELIGIONSMØDE"

bogomslag 1I de seneste år er religion – til manges overraskelse – begyndt at fylde meget mere i det danske samfund, i den offentlige debat og i det politiske liv – og også internationalt er der i dag et større fokus på religion end tidligere. Derfor er der al mulig grund til at analysere og reflektere over den religiøse mangfoldighed og religionsmøder, som det sker i denne bog.

 

 

Bogen, som henvender sig til alle, der ønsker en dybere forståelse af denne problematik. indeholder følgende kapitler:

 

  • Religion i Danmark i det 21. Århundrede
  • Hvad er kristendom?
  • Hvad er islam?
  • Luther og muslimerne
  • Kampen om religionsfrihed i kristendommen
  • Kampen om religionsfrihed i islam                                     
  • Religionsforfølgelse
  • Religiøs terrorisme
  • Mission og dialog
  • Konversion

Bogen består af en lang række artikler, skrevet inden for de seneste 10 år. Den første og længste kapitel (1) er en artiel, der beskriver og analysere den religiøse udvikling i Danmark under overskrifterne "Tradition og folkekirke", "Modernitet og sekularisering", "Globaliserig og multireligiøsitet" og "Postmodernitet og nyåndelighed". Der er to artikler om mangfoldigheden inden for kristendom og kampen for religionsfrihed i kristendommen, lige som der er to artikler om mangfoldigheden inden for islam og kampen for religionsfrihed i islam. Der er artikler, der går i dybden med forfølgelse af kristne og andre religiøse grupper og om terrorisme som fænomen, i forskellige religioner. Endelig er der artikler , der beskriver kristnes møde med ikke-kristne i dialog og mission, og herunder også konversion til kristendommen, bla. fra islam, ligesom der i den afsluttende artikel, der er den eneste på engelsk, tegnes et samlet billede af konversion mellem religionerne i Danmark.

Læs som en smagsprøve på bogen kapitlet "Hvad er islam?" Klik her.

Forfatter: Mogens S. Mogensen,
Titel: Religiøs mangfoldighed og religionsmøder
Forlag: Forlaget Intercultural.dk
Antal sider: 250
Indbinding: Hard cover
Pris: 200 kr. plus forsendelse (kr. 54).

Bogen kan bestilles her:
Mogens S. Mogensen
Forlaget Intercultural.dk
N. J. Holms Park 55
6070 Christiansfeld
Mail: Denne e-mail adresse bliver beskyttet mod spambots. Du skal have JavaScript aktiveret for at vise den.
Tele: 2617 5712

 

 

 

Religionsfrihed i religionerne - Freedom of religion in religions

 

 

Den kristne tradition

Ardelean, Ben-Oni
2010    Bible and Religious Freedom. Baptist eological Institute, Bucharest. Download.

Murray, John Courtney
1965      The Problem of Religious Freedom. Download.

Declaration on Religious Freedom. Dignitatis Humanae. On the Right of the Person and of Communities to Social and Civil Freedom in Matters Religious promulgated by his Holiness Pope Paul VI on December 7, 1965. Download

Frickel, Joseph
1998    Catholicism and Religious Freedom - A Paradox. Download.

Grasso, Kenneth & Robert P. Hunter (eds.)
2006     Catholicism and Religious Freedom: Contemporary Reflections on Vatican II's Declaration on Religious Libeerty.

Humbaier, Balthasar
1524       Om kætterne og dem, der brænder dem. Download.

Bent Hylleberg:
1999     "Grundloven, baptisterne og religionsfriheden", Ælnoths Skriftserie, nr. 9, 1999.

Menneskets værdighed. Dignitatis Humanæ. 1965      Med forord af Oluf Bohn. Download.

Mønster, P.C
1840        Andragende om fuld religionsfrihed for Danmark. Download.

Locke, John
1689     A Letter Concerning Toleration. Download.

Rasmussen, Jens
2009      Religionstolerance og religionsfrihed. Forudsætninger og Grundloven i 1849. Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag. Anmeldelse ved Claus Friisberg. Download.

Shepheard, Freerick M. (ed.)
2009       Christianity and Human Rights. Christians and the Struggle for Global Justice. Lanham: Lexington Books. Download.

Schirmacher, Thomas
2014    "Freedom of Religion and European Identity". Mogens S. Mogrensen (ed.), Religionsfrihed og religionsforfølgelse. Ny Mission nr. 27. Pp. 32-42. Download.

Shah, Tomothy and Allen Hertzke (eds.)
2016 Christianity and Freedom: Historical Perspectives (Vol. 1)
Authors ”uncover the unappreciated role of Christianity in the development of basic human rights and freedoms from antiquity through today. These include radical notions of dignity and equality, religious freedom, liberty of conscience, limited government, consent of the governed, economic liberty, autonomous civil society, and church-state separation, as well as more recent advances in democracy, human rights, and human development. Acknowledging that the record is mixed, scholars document how the seeds of freedom in Christianity antedate and ultimately undermine later Christian justifications and practices of persecution.”

2016 Christianity and Freedom: Contemporary Perspectives (Vol. 2)
"Volume 2 of Christianity and Freedom illuminates how Christian minorities and transnational Christian networks contribute to the freedom and flourishing of societies across the globe, even amidst pressure and violent persecution. Featuring unprecedented field research by some of the world's most distinguished scholars, it documents the outsized role of Christians in promoting human rights and religious freedom; fighting injustice; stimulating economic equality; providing education, social services, and health care; and nurturing democratic civil society. Readers will come away surprised and sobered to learn how this very Christian link to freedom often invites persecution. What are the dimensions of persecution and how are Christians responding to that pressure? What resources—theological, social, or transnational - do they marshal in leavening their societies? What will be lost if the Christian presence is marginalized? The answers to these questions are of crucial relevance in a world awash with religious extremism and deepening instability."

Trim, David B.
2011     Reformation, Tolerance and Persecution. Download.

Wallace, E. Gregory
Justifying Religious Freedom:  The Western Tradition. Download.
"
Luther  opposed  persecution  of  heretics  in  his  earlyyears.  He advocated  for  “freedom  of  conscience”  as  part  of  his  thinking  about Christian  liberty.  He  also  drew  a  sharp  distinction  between  church  and state  in  his  famous  doctrine  of  the  two  kingdoms.  Coffey  notes  that“[t]hough   he   eventually   retracted   his   views   and   returned   to   the Augustinian  position,  Luther’s  early  polemic  against  religious  coercion was to be quoted repeatedly by later tolerationist writers" (. 546).

Øhrstrøm, Søren Dyrbye
2017   Religionsfrihed, tolerance og religiøs oplæring:  En normativ politisk analyse af  reguleringen af trossamfunds forkyndelsesfrihed. Speciale. Download.

 

 

Den islamiske tradition

 

 

Den jødiske tradition

 

Den hinduistiske tradition

 

 

Den buddhistiske tradition

 

 

Secular tradtions

 

Coffey, John
2003     The Myth of Secular Tolerance. Download.

Pastorale udfordringer i religionsmødet

 

 

Interreligiøs respons på kriser

Leirvik, Oddbjørn. 2014. Interreligious Studies: A Relational Approach to Religious Activism and the Study of Religion. London: Bloomsbury.
"The notion of Interreligious Studies signals a new academic perspective on the study of religion, characterized by a relational approach. Interreligious Studies defines the essential features of interreligious studies compared with alternative conceptions of religious studies and theology. The book discusses pressing and salient challenges in interreligious relations, including interreligious dialogue in practice and theory, interfaith dialogue and secularity, confrontational identity politics, faith-based diplomacy, the question of interfaith learning in school, and interreligious responses to extremism. Interreligious Studies is a cutting-edge study from one of the most important voices in Europe in the field, Oddbjørn Leirvik, and includes case study material from his native Norway including interreligious responses to the bomb attack in Norway on 22nd July 2011, as well as examples from a number of other national and global contexts."

Moyaert, Mariann & Joris Geldhof, Ritual Participation and Interreligious Dialogue.
Download.

Musk, Bill, "Kristne og muslimer er fra samme planet". Religion.dk, den 4. april 2007.
Download.

Pratt, Douglas, Parameter for Interreligious Prayer. World Coundil of Churches.
Download.

Sterchele, Davide, "The Limits of Inter-religious Dialogue and the Form of Football Rituals: The Case of Bosnia-Herzegovna" Social Compass June 2007. 54:211-224
The difficulties with interfaith dialogue are linked, at least in part, to the lack of ritual forms (consisting of rules, ceremonial idioms, liturgy, and repertoires of action) designed to unite and integrate the "meta-group "formed by the various religious communities. By means of ethnographic research conducted in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the author studied the mechanisms with which, under particular conditions, some forms of collective ritual were able to create opportunities for the re-integration of the Bosnian population, which had been profoundly divided after the terrible war of 1992–95. Comparing the forms of religious rituals and those of sports rituals–in particular, of football rituals–the author develops some considerations that can be applied to the general debate about inter-religious dialogue. The comparison brings to light some of the limits and difficulties that religious institutions encounter in giving life to an interfaith dialogue that directly and concretely involves the members of different communities.

Svenska Kyrkan, De kyrkliga handlingarna i en mångreligiøs kontext (2012)
Download.

Den Norske Kirke, Religionsmøötet vet kirkelige handlinger. En vejledning fra bispemødet. 2016
Download

Sunnisme - Shi'isme

BBC, "Sunni and Shi'a" (2008)
Download.

Egil Bargfeld, "Hvad er sunni- og shi'a islam?" Religion.dk, 2011.
Download.

Zand, Afshin, Shiism and Sunnism, Iran and Islam. The Continuity of Zoroastrian Beliefs in Iran
March 1992

Artikler, blogindlæg og interviews af Mogens S. Mogensen vedrørende Fyens Stifts migrantarbejde

 

Artikler og blogindlæg

Migrantdåb: Enhver kristen dåb er indlemmelse i en menighed.
Kristendom.dk, den 5. december 2013.

Dåben er altid en indlemmelse i Kristi legeme.
Kristeligt Dagblad, den 7. december 2013.

Biskoppernes fællesudtalelse om arbejdet blandt muslimer i Danmark
https://mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com, den 8. december 2013

"Problematisk: Migrantmenighed beder dåbskandidater om at adlyde præsten"
Kristendom.dk, den 17. december 2013.


”Folkekirkens Migrantarbejde” – Er der behov for nye ordninger?

https://mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com, den
14. december 2013

Enigheder og uenigheder i debatten om ”Folkekirkens Migrantarbejde” – en analyse
https://mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com, den
18. December 2013

Videreførelsen af "Folkekirkens migrantarbejde"
https://mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com, den
1. September 2014

Dialog og mission i folkekirken - 1
https://mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com, den 1. september 2014

Dialog og mission i folkekirken - 2
https://mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com,, den 4. september 2014

Katrine Winkel Holms manglende forståelse for diakoni
https://mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com, den
6. september 2014

Valgmenighedsordningen – en folkekirkelig friheds- eller også fællesskabsordning?
https://mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com, den
12. september 2014

Forbrødring mellem Tidehverv og Indre Mission?
Kristendom.dk 26. september 2014

Migrant-valgmenighed – et spændende eksperiment
Kristendom.dk, den 7. oktober 2014

Den forbudte dåb - om Massoud-sagen
https://mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com, den 18. oktober 2014.

 

Interviews

Tobias Stern Johansen, ”Kritik af biskop og præst for smøleri i dåbssag
Kristeligt Dagblad, den 18. december 2013

Anne Katrine Gottfred Jensen, ”Hvad handler Massoudsagen egentlig om?
Kristeligt Dagblad, den 10. september 2014

Kirken får sin første migrant-valgmenighed
Folkekirken.dk, den 8. oktober 2014

Artikler af Mogens S. Mogensen om religionsfrihed og forfølgelse

 

"Folkekirken og forfulgte kristne". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen, den 9. august 2014. Download.

"Bliver kristendommen udryddet i Irak". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen, den 5. august 2014. Download.

 "Fakta og teorier om religiøs forfølgelse". Maj 2014. Download.

"Religiøs forfølgelse - vedkommer det os?". Klumme i Tyrstrup Herreds Tidende, den 26. maj 2014. Download.

"Fra forfulgte kristne til forfølgende kristne. Etnisk udrensning af muslimer i Den Centralafrikanske Republik". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen, den 14. maj 2014. Download.

"Hvordan kan vi hjælpe kristne, der lider for deres tro og bliver forfulgt?".  Wordpress.mogenssmogensen, den 14. marts 2014. Download.

"Hvordan hjælper vi kristne, der lider for deres tro og bliver forfulgt?" Wordpress.mogenssmogensen.com, den 14. marts 2014. Download.

"Hvad er forfølgelse?". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen.com, den 11. marts 2014. Download

"Religionsfriheden er ikke i høj kurs i dag". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen.com, den 9. marts 2014. Download.

"Folkekirken arbejder aktivt for at hjælpe forfulgte kristne". Kommentar i Kristeligt Dagblad, den 28. november 2013. Download.

"Vesten har brug for kritik af overgreb mod Mellemøstens kristne". Religionsanalyse på Religion.dk, den 12. september 2013 Download.

"Kriten tilstedeværelse og vidnesbyrd i Mellemøsten. Sammen med Uffe Gjerding. Kronik i Kristeligt Dagblad, den 8. juni 2013. Download.

"Om forfulgte kristne, den vanskelige diskurs". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen.com, den 26. maj 2013. Download.

"Hvilke forventninger har de mellemøstlige kristne til kirker og os i vesten". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen.com, den 24. maj 2013. Download.

"Fokus på 'forfulgte kristne' eller 'trosfrihed'?" Wordpress.mogenssmogensen.com. den 14. december, 2012. Download.

"Trosfrihed, et vigtigt tema i dansk udenrigspolitik". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen.com, den 6. september 2012. Download.

"Frihed til at tro, tænke og tale". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen.com, den 25. november 2011. Download.

"Kristne og religiøs forfølgelse". Religion.dk, tirsdag, den 16. november 2010. Download.

"Forfølgelse og diskrimination af religiøse mindretal". Wordpress.mogenssmogensen.com, den 14. januar 2010. Download.

"Frihed for muslimer såvel som for kristne". Religion.dk, den 2. juni 2008. Download.

Multi-faith roomMulti-Faith Spaces

Et forskningsprojekt på University of Manchester har defineret multi-faith space som "an intentional space designed to both house a plurality of religious practices, as well as addres (more or less) clearly defined pragmatic purposes". I Storbritannien er der i dag omkring 2000 "multi-faith spaces", de fleste etableret efter 2000. Der findes grundlæggende to forskellige typer af multi-faith spaces. Den første type indebærer, at flere religioner deler samme lokalitet. En sådan lokalitet kan være men behøver ikke at være et indviet gudstjenestested, og det vil ofte være placeret i en bredere institutionel sammenhæng som fx et hospital, en lufthavn eller en uddannelsesinstitution.Den anden type af multi-faith spaces er bygningskomplekser, hvor hver religion har sin egen kirke/moske/synagoge e.l. i separate bygninger eller rum, men etableret så tæt ved hinanden, at de udgør et sammenhængende bygningskomples eller bebygget areal.

 

Literature

Biddington, Terry, ”Towards a Theological Reading of Multifaith Spaces ”. Manchester University, UK (2013)
”Despite the existence of occasional shared or mixed religious spaces in the past, ‘multifaith spaces’ are relatively new phenomena and issues about their purpose, design, management, use and value are still emerging. While there is no ‘theology of multifaith spaces’, this article pursues an initial theological reading asking: how multifaith spaces relate to the heterotopias, non-spaces and Thirdspaces of some social theorists; what the theological issues around multifaith spaces are for those religious believers who use them; what theological approaches and language might begin to name and explore the potential of multifaith spaces for new shared understandings of human identity; and how multifaith spaces relate to notions of God.” Download.

Charlton, Matthew W., "Sharing Space: Philosophical, Theological, and Wesleyan Resources for Sharing
Sacred Space amongst the Religions"
"This paper seeks to offer some ideas around the sharing of sacred space. The following series of questions frame the concern: should the religions share a worship space? Can they? Are there appropriate limits that honor the specific sacred nature of the religions that render this possible or impossible? Are multi-faith spaces like military chapels and university chapels sacred spaces or just spaces used for various forms of worship, whose sacredness enters and leaves with the worshipers? What is the status of the sacred space of a church consecrated for Christian worship when confronted with this kind of inter-religious question?" Download.

Crompton, Andrew, "The architecture of multifaith spaces: God leaves the building". The Journal of Architecture 18(4):74-496. 2013
Download.

de Velasco, Francisco Díez , "Multi-belief/Multi-faith Spaces: Theoretical Proposals for a Neutraland Operational Design"  RECODE – Responding to Complex Diversity in Europe and Canada (2014) The implementation of multi-belief/multi-faith spaces (MBS/MFS) is becoming an increasing practice in a globalised world, as it addresses the need to offer spaces for worship and  religious ritual in public institutions and places, such as airports and train stations, cemeteries, hospitals, prisons, military quarters, homes for the elderly, educational and recreational centres, and even in shopping malls and work centres. This is raising a number of questions and challenges from the theoretical point of view. MBS/MFS prevent having tomultiply the places for worship for every single religious option, while overcoming the thorny issue of favouring some religions over others. In cases such as illness or confinement, there is a clear demand for spaces that facilitate reflection and introspection, spaces that could be described as spiritual or seclusive, rather than religious in the strictest sense of the word. We are then faced with a situation in which the post-religious condition intermingles with the post-secular one. MBS/MFS must be acceptable as places of worship for the many religious groups that might require them, but also for users who lack any strong religious identity, and who might wish to use them as areas for quiet reflection and introspection. The design of MBS/MFS must deal with geographical orientation (a relevant issue for religions like Islam, Judaism and Orthodox Christinity), the simultaneous use of the space and conflicting timetables, physical position during worship, separation of genders, and hygiene needs, among other questions. Neutrality (and the avoidance of religiocentric premises) therefore is the main issue to be taken into consideration for the design of those kinds of spaces, even if perfect neutrality will not be possible. The paper concludes with a call for a pragmatic andcontextual approach to this issue, including a detailed analysis of each centre and its specific circumstances, which can enable MBS/MFS to be an investment for the future that will satisfy the greatest number of potential users without causing conflict." Download.

Gilliat-Ray, Sophie, "From 'chapel' to 'prayerroom': the production, use and politics of sacred space in public institutions" Culture and Religion 6(2) (2005) 
"This paper begins historically, by examining some of the ways in which the use of Christian Chapels has changed in prisons and hospitals over time, and, with it, the meanings such uses have had for their users. This is followed by an in-depth evaluation of the way in which newly created sacred spaces are used in public institutions, using the two main religious sites at the Millennium Dome as a case study, namely the ‘Prayer Space’ and the ‘Muslim Prayer Room’. In the final sections of the paper, I consider some of the politics of sacred space in public institutions, both when space is re-produced or transformed (from ‘Chapel’ to‘Prayer Room’), but also when it is newly produced, as at the Dome." Download.

Hewson, Chris, "Multi-faith Spaces: Symptoms and Agents of Religious and Social Change". University of Manchester. January 1, 2010).
Introduction to the research project at the University of Manchester on "Multi-faith Spaces: Symptoms and Agents of Religious and Social Change". Download.

Hewson, Chris & Ralf Brand, "Multi-Faith Space: Towards a Practice-based Assessment" (2011)
Download.

Hewson, Chris & Ralf Brand, "Multireligiøse rum bribnger ikke nødvendigvis folk sammen". Religion.dk, den 8. august 2012
"Multireligiøse rum skal defineres løst, for de fortolkes forskelligt, afhængig af hvem vi er. I vores projekt: Multi-faith Spaces: Symptoms & Agents of Religious and Social Change har vi defineret multireligiøse rum som “bevidste rum”, der er designet til at rumme et flertal af religiøse praksisser, og som har (mere eller mindre) tydeligt definerede formål, samtidig med at de udgør en type af rum, man ikke finder andre steder i nærheden," Download.

Jacobsen, Brian Arly, ”Debatten om bederum på hospitaler handler også om de ikke-religiøse”. Religionsanalyse, Religion.dk, den 12. maj 2013.
Download.

Keller, Claudia, "The House of One. Drei Religionen, ein Gotteshaus" (Der Tagesspiel 3/6/2014)
"Keine Kirche, keine Synagoge, keine Moschee, sondern alles in einem: Auf dem Petriplatz in Berlin-Mitte soll ein einmaliges Projekt realisiert werden - per Crowdfunding." Download.

Ottestig, Johannes, "Kyrkan samlar inn til moske-bygge". Dagen, den 15. april, 2014.
Download.

Svenska Kyrkan, "Så startede Guds Hus i Fisksätra".
Download.

Svneska Kyrakan, "Guds Hus - ett samarbete för fredlig sameksistens i Fisksätra" (april 2014)
Download.

"World's first combined mosque-synagogue-church to be built in Berlin" (Tribune, December 3)
Download. See also this article on the same subject.

Collection of articles, websites etc from Manchester research program.
Download



Forskningsprojekter

Multi-Faith Spaces - Symptoms and Agents of Religious and Social Change
Forskaningsprojekt ved University of Manchester 2009-2013.


Links

Tri-Faith Initiative, Omaha, Nebraska
"The Tri-Faith Initiative, a partnership of the three Abrahamic faith groups — Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, plans to build a Tri-Faith Center to co-locate with Temple Israel, a new church for the Episcopal Diocese of Nebraska and a mosque for the American Institute of Islamic Studies and Culture. These four buildings will form a multi-faith neighborhood of collaboration."

Guds Hus, Fisksätra, Nacka, Stockholm
"Med utgångspunkt i vår gemensamma tro att Gud är En vill vi bygga ett Guds hus som en yttre manifestation av den gudomliga verkligheten. Vår gemensamma vision är att: - samla de stora religiösa samfunden i Fisksätra i en gemensam praktisk och ideologisk sam­verkan i ett gemensamt hus - tillvarata samfundens möjligheter att skapa tillit i kulturell mångfald i Fisksätra - genom dialog visa på samarbetets fredsskapande möjligheter."

 

Artikler af Mogens S. Mogensen

"Religionsmøde på svensk - Guds hus i Fisksätra" - Blogindlæg 28. marts 2014
Download.

"Ny trend: Religionerne flytter sammen". Religionsanalyse, Religion.dk, den 22. april 2014.
Download.

"Flerreligiøse og spirituelle rum i sekulære institutioner" (den 9. maj 2014)
Download.

Dansk debat om religionsneutrale rum på sygehuse

Allerede i dag er der flere sygehuse, som har religionsneutrale/tværreligiøse rum, eller kapeller, hvor kristne symboler er fjernet, og på flere nye hospitaler er der planer om at etablere religionsneutrale refleksionsrum. De religionsneutrale rum har imidlertid ført til en heftig debat.


Hansen, Mette Skov, "Hospital bygger bederum med udskiftelige religiøse symboler". Kristeligt Daglad, den 6. januar 2014
"Ved det nye hospital i Gødstrup er målet også at skabe plads til alle i refleksionsrummet og kapellet, hvilket har krævet mange overvejelser samt en inspirationstur til Manchester i England, hvor refleksionsrum tænkes ind i lufthavne, sygehuse og storcentre. Derudover er der blevet holdt møder med borgere og forskellige trossamfund." Download.

Hansen, Mette Skov, "Sygehuse satser på religionsneutrale rum". Kristeligt Dagblad, den 6. januar 2014

"I flere af landets sygehusbyggerier er der planer om tværreligiøse bede- og refleksionsrum og symbolløse kapeller. Det tilgodeser den større mangfoldighed i dag, lyder forklaringen, men regionsrådsmedlem mener, at et kristent land bør prioritere kristne symboler."   Download.

DR-dk TV-syd, "Sygehuskapeller bliver til multireligionsrum", den 6. januar 2014
"Hjul under korset og krucifiks, der kan tages ned fra væggen.Sådan kunne fremtidens sygehuskapeller i Syd- og Sønderjylland meget vel se ud. Blandt andet på Sydvestjysk Sygehus Esbjerg, hvor kapellet står foran en renovering. Rummet skal være mere fleksibelt, så det kan indrettes til forskellige religioner og deres symbolik." Download.

Hansen, Mette Skov, "Dansk religionsneutralitet er et typisk kompromis". Kristeligt Dagblad, den 14. januar 2014.
"Ifølge lektor på Institut for Kultur og Identitet på Roskilde Universitet Sune Lægaard diskuteres spørgsmålet om religiøse symboler i det offentlige rum i flere lande, og her kan man i grove træk tale om tre synspunkter: at nogle religiøse symboler skal have en særlig plads i offentlige rum, fordi de er udtryk for majoritetens religion, at offentlige rum bør være religiøst neutrale, fordi borgerne bør behandles lige, og at lighed sikres ved at inkludere alle religiøse udtryk." Download.

Iversen, Hans Raun, "Fra stedets kirke til kirkens sted" (Kristeligt Dagblad, den 4. juni 2014)
"I Tyskland taler man om en bevægelse bort fra "stedets kirke" hen mod "kirkens sted". Kirke er i fremtiden ikke blot noget, der findes i lokalsamfundet, men noget, der bliver til og finder sted i helt nye sammenhænge. Folkekirken melder sig ud af samfundsudviklingen, hvis den kun kan finde ud af at påberåbe sig retten til, at der skal være en traditionel kirke som "stedets kirke" på hver af de nye institutioner".  Download.

 

Radio og TV

DR1- Religionsrapport - den 13. maj 2014
"Lige nu er der gang i byggekranerne flere steder i landet, hvor der er ved at blive opført nye såkaldte supersygehuse. De nye sygehuse skal være effektive behandlingssteder for alverdens sygdomme. Men de skal også fungere som steder, hvor mennesker, som er i krise, kan finde ro og trøst. Derfor er der på flere af sygehusene planer om at indrette religiøse rum eller refleksionsrum. Men hvordan skal rummene indrettes? Skal de være fyldt med religiøse symboler, eller skal de netop være renset for den slags, så der er plads til alle?
Medvirkende: Hospitalsprovst Dorte Sørensen, talsmand for Humanistisk Samfund Thorkild Svendsen og interreligiøs konsulent Mogens Mogensen.
Tilrettelæggelse: Malene Fenger-Grøndahl.
Vært: Lisbeth Brocelius Meléndez". Hør udsendelsen.

Kristen-muslimsk dialog

 

Dialog mellem kristne og muslimer i Danmark

Islamisk-Kristent Studiecenter - Center for Sameksistens (IKS)
IKS "arbejder for – gennem et ligeligt samvirke – at udvikle, styrke og forbedre sameksistensen mellem mennesker med kristen og muslimsk baggrund i Danmark. Formålet er at bibringe majoritet og minoriteter pluralistiske erfaringer, der gør det naturligt at omgås hinanden og udforske måder, hvorpå kristne og muslimer sammen kan bidrage til det fælles bedste i vort samfund.Dette formål søges nået gennem fælles studier, undervisning, foredrag, rådgivning, oplysningsmateriale, ligebehandlingsarbejde og fælles projekter. Yderligere integration opnås ved at knytte unge med minoritetsbaggrund til centret og dermed inddrage dem i frivilligt arbejde, i samfundsmæssige aktiviteter og i foreningslivet." Læs mere.

Kristent-Muslimsk Samtaleforum (KMS)
"KMS er et netværk for kristne og muslimske ledere, som er udsprunget af en række årlige konferencer siden 2006. KMS’ formål er at fremme den fælles religionssamtale og værne om og bidrage til udviklingen af det danske samfund som et demokratisk og inkluderende samfund. KMS’ mål er - at etablere kommunikationskanaler, netværk og relationer, præget af åbenhed og tillid mellem kristne og muslimske ledere - at identificere, analysere og bearbejde spændingsfylde problemstillinger- at tage initiativer hvor kristne og muslimer i fællesskab kan bidrage til samfundets positive udvikling". Læs mere.

Vestergaard, Leif,  Safet Bektovic og Mogens S. Mogensen, Rapport fra lytterunde (2006)
Rapport fra Folkekirke og Religionsmødes ”lytterunde” blandt muslimske organisationer og moskeer er nu offentliggjort. Hvad er muslimers forhold til det danske samfund? Hvad er danske muslimers selvforståelse? Kan muslimer genkende sig selv i mediebilledet? Hvad er muslimers forhold til andre religioner? Disse spørgsmål besvares i den rapport som Folkekirke og Religionsmøde netop har udsendt, "Rapport fra en lytterunde blandt muslimske organisationer og moskeer". Læs mere.

 

Dialog mellem kristne og muslimer - internationalt

The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark and the Encounter with Other Religions
2006 Statement issued as a response to the Cartoon Crisis, on the 6th of February 2006. Download .

Christian-Muslim Working Group
2008   "Report on Freedom of Expression - Christian-Muslim Working Group" - October 2008. Presented and accepted by the third Leadership Conference for Christian and Muslim Leaders. in a Multi-religious Society". Adopted by the Danish Mission Council on April 18, 2007. Read more.

KAICIID
2014 Muslim and Christian Religious Leaders Unite to Denounce ISIS and Violence in Iraq and Syria

“In an unprecedented demonstration of multi-religious solidarity, leaders of Christian, Muslim and other religious communities from Iraq, Syria and the larger Middle East region today have denounced with one voice all violence in the name of religion, and have called on the international community to protect religious and cultural diversity in Iraq and Syria. Religious leaders from Sunni, Shiite, Christian, Mandean, and Yazidi communities across the Middle East today jointly issued the Vienna Declaration, “United against Violence in the Name of Religion”, at the international conference organized by the KAICIID Dialogue Centre. This is the first time religious leaders representing so many different religions from a crisis region have come together as one to denounce oppression, marginalization, persecution and killing of people in the name of religion.” Download.

The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark and teh Encounter with Other Religions
2006   "Mission and dialogue". Document adopted by the board of The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark and teh Encounter with Other Religions. Download .

von Sicard, Sigvard & Ingo Wulfhorst
2003   Dialogue and Beyond. Christians and Muslims Together on the Way. LWF Studies. Download.

 

moske-God and Allah in Islam and Christianity

In Malaysia a court - has just ruled that a Christian weekly paper, "The Herald" in its Malay-edition is not allowed to us the word God referring to the God Christians are worshipping (”Malaysia court rules non-Muslims cannot use ‘Allah’”. BBC News Asia, October 14, 2013). The Catholic Church, that owns "The Herald" has appealed the verdict, but an extremist politician calls on the government - as a punishment for the appeal - to rescind its decision to allow the Christians to use the world Allah in their bibles (Anisah Shukry, ”Teach Christians a lesson, ban al-Kitab’”. Free Malaysia Today, October 18,  2013). Read more about the "Allah-case" here. However, there are also Christians who reject the use of Allah about the God of the Christians. See the analysis of the relationship between God and Allah by Miroslav Volf, "What's in a name? Christians, Muslims and the worship of the One God" (ABC Religion & Ethics, October 19, 2013). Volf's analysis and argument is fully developed in his book Allah. A Christians Response (San Francisco: HarperOne 2011). See a review of the book here.

Religion generelt


I denne afdeling behandles spørgsmål som religionsdemografi, religionsteori, religionsteologi, religionskritik, religionsfrihed, religionsdialog, religion i det offentlige rum, religiøs fundamentalisme og religion og vold. Klik på undermenupunkterne under "Religion generelt".

 

Religionsdemografi

 

 

Pickel, Gert, Religion Monitor.Understanding Common Ground. An International Comparison of Religious Belief (Bertelsmann Stiftung 2013)
Download.

Religionsteorier

 

de Muckadell, Caroline Schaffalitzky, "Sådan defineres religion i dag" Religion.dk, den 11. oktober 2011
Download.

Luhrman, T. M., "Belief is the Least Part of Faith" (The New York Times, May 29, 2013)
"The role of belief in religion is greatly overstated, as anthropologists have long known. In 1912, Émile Durkheim, one of the founders of modern social science, argued that religion arose as a way for social groups to experience themselves as groups. ... Religious ideas arose to make sense of this experience of being part of something greater. Durkheim thought that belief was more like a flag than a philosophical position: You don’t go to church because you believe in God; rather, you believe in God because you go to church. In fact, you can argue that religious belief as we now conceptualize it is an entirely modern phenomenon." Download.

Saler, Benson, Conceptualizing Religion: Immanent Anthropologists, Transcenden Natives, and Unbounded Categories. (New York & Oxford: Berghahn Books, 1999)
Download Googlebooks

Religion og voldReligion and violence-

"..religion is not innocent. But it does not ordinarily lead to violence. That happens only with the coalescence of a peculiar set of circumstances - political, social, and ideological - when religion becomes fused with violent expressions of social aspirations, personal pride, and movements for political change" (Mark Juergensmeyer)

 

Religion og terrorisme.

Religion og terrorisme

"..religion is not innocent. But it does not ordinarily lead to violence. That happens only with the coalescence of a peculiar set of circumstances - political, social, and ideological - when religion becomes fused with violent expressions of social aspirations, personal pride, and movements for political change" (Mark Juergensmeyer)

 

Capell, Matthew B. & Emile Sahliyeh, Suicide Terrorism: Is Religion the Critical Factor? (Security Journal (2007) 20, 267–283)
"The purpose of this article is to investigate empirically the validity of the argument that the religious nature of the terrorist groups accounts for the increase in terrorism's lethality today. In an attempt to explore the relationship between religion and terrorism's newfound lethality, the study utilizes the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism's (ICT) "International Terrorism" database between 1980 and 2002. ... The study concludes that to understand modern terrorism's increased lethality, one needs to look further than religion as a motive and take into account modern terrorists' willingness to use "suicide terror" as their primary modus operandi". Download.

Fine, Jonathan, "Contrasting Secular and Religious Terrorism" (Middle East Quarterly
Winter 2008, pp. 59-69
)
"Some researchers suggest that to understand terrorism it is more important to study what terrorists do rather than what they say. University of Chicago political scientist Robert Pape argues, for example, that Islam has little to do with suicide bombing. Rather, he suggests, that suicide bombers, wherever they are in the world, are motivated much more by tactical goals. He juxtaposes the suicide terrorism of the (non-Islamic) Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) with Islamist suicide bombing to demonstrate that a desire to end occupation is the common factor rather than religion. Therefore, he suggests focus upon religion is a distraction and that policymakers seeking to stop the scourge of suicide attacks should work instead to address root causes, which he sees as the presence of troops or interests in disputed or occupied lands.Despite the revisionism advanced by Pape and others, the fact remains that most suicide bombings since 1980 in the world in general and in the Middle East in particular are sponsored by Islamist and not secular terrorist groups. Pape avoids this conclusion by gerrymandering his data so that he does not need to include the significant numbers of suicide bombings conducted by Sunnis against Shi'a in Iraq". Download

Gibson, David, "Does Religion Cause Terrorism? It's Complicated" (Huffington Post Aug 31, 2011)
"In general, scholars have concluded that religion -- be it Islam or any other faith -- is neither the chicken nor the egg when it comes to creating terrorists. Rather, religion is one of many factors in the explosive brew of politics, culture and psychology that leads fanatics to target innocents -- and take their own lives in the process." "..some researchers have found that the most religious Muslims can also be the most resistant to radicalization. David Schanzer, director of the Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security in Durham, N.C., studied 188 cases of Muslim Americans who have been connected to terrorism activities, and found that none were raised with "traditional, intensive religious training." Instead, they "adopted fundamentalist views as they radicalized."  Download.

Hansen, Birthe, At definere terrorisme (Kbh. Univ. Institut for Statskundskab 2003/2008)
Download.

Paper, Robert A., "It's the Occupation, Stupid" (Foreign Policy, Oct. 18, 2010)
"More than 95% of all suicide attacs are in response to foreing occupation, according to extensive research that we conducted at the University of Chicago's Project on Security and Terrorism, where we examined every one of the over 2,200 suicide attacs accross the world from 1980 to the present day". Download.

Juergensmeyer, Mark, "From Bhindrawale to Bin Laden: The Rise of Religious Violence" (Presentation at Arizona State University/ National Bureau of Asian Research Conference, October 14-15 2004 “Religion and Conflict in Asia: Disrupting Violence”
Download.

Stern, Jessica, Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill (2003)
Read an excerpt of the book here. "In this book, terrorism will be defined as an act or threat of violence against noncombatants with the objective of exacting revenge, intimidating, or otherwise influencing an audience. This definition avoids limiting perpetrator or purpose. It allows for a range of possible actors (states or their surrogates, international groups, or a single individual) and all putative goals (political, religious, or economic). This book is concerned only with terrorists who claim to be seeking religious goals, i.e, religious terrorism. It is limited to three monotheistic religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism."

"Wilson, Henry S., "Terrorism and Religions" (Bangalore Theological Forum 34(1), June 2002, pp. 58-74)
"The proposal outlined in this paper, asking for religiously affiliated people to work together to face the issues of terrorism, violence and injustice, in not meant to diminish the important role that all other human agencies, state sponsored or voluntary organizations, groups and movements, have to play. Rather, this is to uphold the importance of religion in people’s worldview, especially in our historical times when many of the age-old values are crumbling. This makes people insecure, who then turn to familiar heritages that are still preserved in historical and enduring world religious traditions. Islam, Christianity, and Judaism have a major share in this, being the faith of half of world’s humanity today."Download.

Zalman, Amy, "Religious Terrorism. A Short Primer on Religion and Terrorism"
"The world's great religions all have both peaceful and violent messages from which believers can choose. Religious terrorists and violent extremists share the decision to interpret religion to justify violence, whether they are Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, or Sikh." Download.

Sosis, Richard & Candace S. Alcorta, "Militants and Martys. Evolutionary Perspectives on Religion and Terrorism". (Evolution's Imprint. Psychology and the Roots of Terrorism, pp. 105-124)
"If terrorists in general, and suicide bombers in particular, are not crazed religious zealots, what then is the relationship between religion and terrorism? Various researchers have argued that terrorists have political, not religious goals (Juergensmeyer 2003; Bloom 2005; Pape 2005). Religion is not the root cause of conflicts but is rather a tool used by terrorists to achieve their goals. Recast in evolutionary terms, religious beliefs, rituals, and institutions are proximate mechanisms that facilitate otherwise improbable behavioral outcomes. Here we review four main reasons why religion serves as an effective mechanism for terrorists". Download.

 

Buddhisme og kristen-buddhistiske relationer

 

 

Thailandsk buddhisme

Pataraporn Sirikanchana, In Search of Thai Buddhism (2010)
Denne korte bog giver en nuanceret introduktion til buddhisme i Thailand. I det første kapitel beskrives fire former for buddhisme i Thailand: normativ buddhisme, intellektuel buddhisme, socialt engageret buddhisme og folke-buddhisme.
Download.

 

Srilankansk buddhisme

 

 

Artikler af Mogens S. Mogensen om Buddhisme

Religion i Thailand og Danmark

Da Buddha blev en kristen helgen

Ateisme og abuddhisme – i buddhisme og kristendom

Folke-buddhisme – en af flere ’buddhismer’ i Thailand

Den tredje reformation – En anmeldelse.

 

 

 

 

Islam og kristen-muslimske relationer

På denne side vil følgende temaer blive behandlet:

  • Fakta om islam
  • Islam-tolkninger
  • Relationer mellem muslimer og kristne
  • Ressourcer om islam

Klik på undermenupunkterne under "Islam" på "Religionsmøde"

ReligionspolitikReligionsmodel-bog

 

Religionspolitik i Damark

Christoffersen, Lisbet et. al., "Fremtidens danske religionsmodel"
Download.

Danske Kirkers Råd, "Diskussionsgrundlag for Danske Kirkers Råds medlemskirker ved deres drøftelse af ’de fra Folkekirken afvigende trossamfunds forhold’" (April 2013)
Download.

Nikolajsen, Jeppe Bach og Mona Kanwal Sheikh, Sekularismekritik og pluralistisk religionspolitik, tak. Kronik i Kristeligt Dagblad, den 9. juli 2012.
Download.

Christoffersen, Lisbet et al. (red.), Fremtidens danske religionsmodel (Anis, 2012)
Læs mere.

Vinding, Niels Valdemar & Lisbet Christoffersen (red.), Danish Regulation of Religion, State of Affairs and Qualitative Reflections (2012)
Download.

 

Religionspolitik i Norge

I dag har udvalg fremlagt offentlig udrening om "Det livssynsåpne samfunn. En helhetlig tros- og livssynspolitikk". Rapporten indeholder bl.a. principper for religionspolitiken, overvejelser om praktisering af religion i samfundet, økonomisk støtte til trossamfund, forslag til samordnet regelværk for trossamfund. Rapporten bygger på flg. grundlæggende princppper: "1. Tros- og livssynsfriheten beskyttes for alle.
 2. Den enkeltes tros- og livssynspraksis må ikke krenke andres rettigheter og friheter.
 3. Ikke-diskriminering: Staten må ikke utsette noen for usaklig eller uforholdsmessig for- skjellsbehandling på grunn av deres tros- eller livssynspraksis. 4. Det legges aktivt til rette for alle borgeres tros-og livssynspraksis.
 5. Likebehandling: Staten bør tilstrebe at enhverborger får – i prinsipp og i rimelig praksis – samme grad av støtte til sin tros- og livssynsutøvelse. 6. Statens aktive tros- og livssynspolitikk må i sin utforming vurderes opp mot sentrale fellesver- dier: demokrati, rettsstat, menneskerettighe- ter, ikke-diskriminering og likestilling. 7. Organisert tros- og livssynsutøvelse som mottar statlig støtte, må forventes å vise vilje til åpenhet og vise annen tros- og livssynsutøvelse den samme respekt som en selv forventer og nyter godt av. 8. Alle bør akseptere å bli eksponert for andres tros- og livssynspraksis i det offentlige rom." Download.

 

Artikler af Mogens S. Mogensen

Dansk religionspolitik – udrensning, privatisering eller rummelighed? Blogindlæg. (20. maj 2010)
Download.

"Det livssynsåbne samfund - norsk religionspolitik". Dansk Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke. Nr. 01. S. 57-60 (2013) Download.

 



Interreligiøse ægteskaberMixed blessings

Tværreligiøse ægteskaber, ægteskaber mellem to mennesker, som tilhører hver sin religion, bliver mere udbredt i multireligiøse samfund og i en globaliseret verden, hvor mennesker mødes og forelsker sig på tværs af religiøse grænser. Nogle religiøse traditioner forbyder direkte tværreligiøse ægteskaber, eller ægteskab mellem bestemte religiøse grupper, andre religiøse traditioner anbefaler ægteskab inden for religionen, mens ande religiøse traditioner igen forholder sig neutralt til tværreligiøse ægteskaber. Undertiden er der en nær forbindelse mellem tværreligiøse ægteskaber, således at den ene partner konverterer til den andens religion. Under alle omstændigheder er tværreligiøse ægteskaber forbunbdet med en lang række praktiske udfordringer og etiske problemstillinger.


Online Guidelines og resourcer

Christian Muslim Forum, When Two Faiths Meet. Marriage, Family and Pastoral Care. Ethical Principles (2012).
On November 26, 2012,the Christian Muslim Forum launched this document, which contains ethical principles for ministers, imams and other faith leaders. The background was the rising number of interfaith marriages, in particular between Muslims and Christians, in the UK. The aim was to provide a helpful resource in enabling religious leaders to support mixed-faith couples. Download.

Church of England, Guidelines for the Celebration of Inter Faith Marriages in Church (2004)
"In an increasing number of situations, clergy in the Church of England are being approached by couples seeking marriage, one of whom is an adherent of a faith other than Christianity. The following guidelines are designed to set out briefly some of the theological, pastoral, liturgical and legal issues which may need to be addressed, particularly where a wedding service is being planned to take place in a Church of England church." Download.

Lamb, Christopher, "Marriages between Christians and Muslims Pastoral Guidelines for Christians and Churches in Europe" (Conference of European Churches, 1997)
In 1998, the Islam in Europe Committee of the Conference of European Churches published pastoral guidelines on Christian-Muslim marriages: Marriages between Christians and Muslims: Pastoral Guidelines for Christians and Churches in Europe (edited by Christopher Lamb). Download.

The Inter-faith Marriage Network, Resource pack
"This resource pack is for you if: You are in a relationship with someone of a different faith - You want to know whether it can work - You are looking for information and support". Download.

 

Links

Muslim/Christian Marriage Support Group
"We are a network of people involved in or closely affected by Muslim/Christian marriage. We have a variety of backgrounds and affiliations across both faith traditions. We are united by our experience of living with both faiths at the heart of our love and our lives and by our desire to explore, value, celebrate and share this experience.   Download.

The Inter-faith Marriage Network
A network organised by people in mixed marriages themselves ready to help and counsel others. Download.

 

Online Litteratur

Abbass, Rudabah, "Hallal interfaith unions rise among UK women" (Al Jazeera, 2012)
In this artikle the author writes that "Most religious scholars agree that Islam permits Muslim men to marry "women of the book" ... Muslim women, on the other hand, are forbidden to marry a non-Muslim unless her partner converts to Islam, say purists. Some men nominally convert to Islam in order to appease their partner's family. Imam Taj Hargey of the Muslim Educational Centre of Oxford is an exception. He has conducted marriage services for Muslim women without their Christian or Jewish partners converting. Most Muslims find this notion unacceptable, claiming it is tantamount to living in sin.Imam Hargey's stance may be controversial, but he argues: 'There is no verse in the Holy Quran that bans Muslim women from marrying non-Muslim men.'" Download.

Religion.dk, "Tværreligiøse ægteskaber" - artikelsamling
Download.

Riley, Naomi Schaefer, "Interfaith marriages are rising fast, but they're failing fast too" (Washington Post, June 6, 2010)
"According to the General Social Survey, 15 percent of U.S. households were mixed-faith in 1988. That number rose to 25 percent by 2006, and the increase shows no signs of slowing. The American Religious Identification Survey of 2001reported that 27 percent of Jews, 23 percent of Catholics, 39 percent of Buddhists, 18 percent of Baptists, 21 percent of Muslims and 12 percent of Mormons were then married to a spouse with a different religious identification. ... In some ways, more interfaith marriage is good for civic life. Such unions bring extended families from diverse backgrounds into close contact. There is nothing like marriage between different groups to make society more integrated and more tolerant. ... But the effects on the marriages themselves can be tragic ... According to calculations based on the American Religious Identification Survey of 2001, people who had been in mixed-religion marriages were three times more likely to be divorced or separated than those who were in same-religion marriages." Download.

Riley, Naomi Schaefer, "Two-faith Weddings. An All-American Trend" (New York Post, December 24, 2012)
"Some 45 percent of marriages in the past decade were interfaith. The 2001 American Religious Identification Survey found that 27 percent of Jews, 23 percent of Catholics, 39 percent of Buddhists, 18 percent of Baptists, 21 percent of Muslims and 12 percent of Mormons were married to a spouse with a different religious identification. Download.

Riley, Naomi Schaefer, "When Muslims intermarry, do they keep the faith?" (Wahsington Post, April 12, 2013)
Naomi Schaefer Riley is the author of “ ’Til Faith Do Us Part: How Interfaith Marriage Is Transforming America.” "When it comes to intermarriage, Muslims are becoming the new Jews. About a century ago, when hundreds of thousands of Jews were immigrating to the United States, only about 1 percent, by some estimates, married non-Jews. Now, about 30 percent of Jews are married to someone outside the faith. American Muslims are going through a similar transition, one that could profoundly change the Muslim experience in the United States." Download.

 

Offline Litteratur

Christian-Muslim Marriages (CSIC Selly Oak Colleges, Research Papers, Muslims in Europe, 20, 1983)

C. Lamb, 'Mixed-Faith Marriage: A Case for Care' in R. Hooker & C. Lamb: Love the Stranger (SPCK, 1986)

S. Poulter: Asian Traditions and English Law. A Handbook (The Runnymede Trust with Trentham Books, 1990)
Church and State (Chadwick Report) 1970 (GS 19)
An Honourable Estate, 1988 (GS 801)

Marriage: A teaching Document from the House of Bishops of the Church of England CHP 1999
Services of Prayer and Dedication after Civil Marriage, 1985 Report of Proceedings xix, 1 (February 1988)

Bishops Conference of England and Wales: Directory Concerning Mixed Marriages, CTS, nd The Roman Catholic Code of Canon Law, 1983 (Canons 1086, 1125-9)

Multi-faith worship: Questions and suggestions from the Inter faith Consultative Group CHP GS 1011

Reflections on Interreligious Marriage: a joint study document was issued jointly by the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, Rome and the Office on Inter-Religious Relations of the World Council of Churches, Geneva in April 1997.

Marriages between Christians and Muslims: Pastoral Guidelines for Christians and Churches in Europe has been jointly prepared by the Islam in Europe Committee of the Conference of European Churches and the Council of European (Catholic) Episcopal Conferences. An English version, edited by Christopher Lamb, has been published by the Council of Churches for Britain and Ireland (1998).

Naomi Schaefer Riley, Til Faith Do Us Part: How Interfaith Marriage Is Transforming America (Oxford University Press, 2013)

Hellig krigkorstogene-foto

Om krig i en religions navn. Eksempler på hellige krige er kristne korstog og muslimsk jihad.

 

Hellig krig i den kristne tradition - korstog og retfærdig krig

Online litteratur

Catholic Encyclopedia: Crusades

Crusades Bibliography

Crusades Encyclopedia

France, John, Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades, 1000-1300

Housely, Norman,"The Crusades and Islam". Medieval Encounters 13 (2007) 189-208

Jensen, Carsten Selch, Kurt Villads Jensen & John Lind, Venderne og Danmark.Et tværfagligt seminar (Syddansk Universitetscenter, Odense, 2000)
Af særlig interesse er artikel om "Teologien bag venderkorstogene" af Ane L. Bysted, s. 11-17.

Jensen, Kurt Villads, "Bellum Iustum i 1200-tallets vesteuropæiske tænkning og kirkens fred" (Historisk Tidsskrift, bd. 16, rk. 2, 1993, 1.

Jensen, Kurt Villads, "International korstogsforskning siden 1970”, oplæg ved seminaret Skandinavisk korstogsforskning. Odense Universitet 1997.



Offline litteratur

Asbridge, Thomas, Korstogene. Kampen om det hellige land (København: Peoples Press, 2012)
Læs anmeldelse her.

Hansen, Lars Peter Visti, Korstogene. Idé og virkelighed (København: Systime, 2004)
!Bogen forklarer baggrunden for og ideologien bag korstogene og følger deres udvikling op gennem tiden. Korsfarerstaternes historie og den muslimske verdens reaktion på korstogene er også genstand for indgående diskussion i bogen. Bogen behandler desuden korstog i Spanien og Østeuropa, kætterkorstog, politiske korstog, Danmarks tilknytning til korstogsbevægelsen samt en række senere og nutidige vurderinger af korstogene. Bogen indeholder fremstillingsafsnit om korstogene, et fyldigt billedmateriale og en lang række kildetekster, hvoraf mange for første gang er oversat til dansk."

Jensen, Kurt Villads, Politikkens bog om korstogene (København: Politikens forlag, 2005)
Standardværket på dansk om korstogene.

Lind, John H., Carsten Selch Jensen, Kurt Villadsen & Ane L. Bysted, Danske korstog - krig og mission i Østersøen (København: Høst og Søn, 2004)
Om venderkorstogene, korstogene til Finland og de baltiske lande og om danske korstogsinstitutioner og aktører i disse korstog.

Maalouf, Amin. Crusades Through Arab Eyes (1989)

Stark, Rodney. God's Battalions: The Case for the Crusades (2010)
See review of book by Lee Duigon: Download.

Tyerman, Christopher, God's War: A New History of the Crusades (2006)
Et nyt standardværk om korstogene. Læs længere uddrag af bogen her.

 

Artikler o. l. af Mogens S. Mogensen om korstog

2009    "Noter
 fra 
tre
foredrag 
af 
Lektor 
Kurt
 Villads
 Jensen
 om
 ”Relationerne
 mellem 
kristendom
 og 
islam
 historisk 
set”
. På møde Islam­forum 
i 
Odense,
torsdag 
den
 22.
Januar. Download.

2011    "Korstogsideolog og nationalkonservatisme bag terrorhandlingerne". Religion.dk, den 25. juli. Om 22/7 og Anders Breiviks ideologi. Download.

 

Hellig krig i den islamiske tradition - jihad

Er under opbygning.

Religionsfrihed og religionsforfølgelse


Religionsfrihed er både historisk og principielt den grundlæggende menneskerettighed. Bl.a. derfor er det vigtigt at stå vagt om religionsfriehden og at bekæmpe enhver form for religionsforfølgelse og diskrimination på basis af religion.

Love og bestemmelser om religionsfrihed

Både på internationalt, regionalt og nationalt niveau er der en række love og regler om religionsfrihed. Læs mere.

Organisationer, som kæmper for religionsfrihed
En række internationale organisationer kæmper for religionsfrihed inkl. retten til at skifte religion. Læs mere.

Apostasi
Religionsfrihed og herunder retten til at skifte religion er et alvorligt problem i en række muslimske lande. Læs mere.

On-line litteratur på dansk
Her findes on-line artikler, bøger og rapporter på dansk om religionsfrihed og reliionsforfølgelse. Læs mere.

On-line litterature in English

Here a number of on-line articles, books and reprots on the freedom of religion and about religious persecution are available. Read more.

Artikler af Mogens S. Mogensen om religionsfrihed og religionsforfølgelse.
Læs mere.

 

FOKUS 

Forfulgte kristne - Irak.
Læs mere

 

Forfulgte kristne - Nigeria

Open Doors, "Crushed but not Defeated. The Impact of Persistent Violence on the Church in Northern Nigeria" (Feb 2016)
Download.

Religionsfriheden truet i flere landeFirst freedom-foto

USAs udenrigsministerium har for nylig offentliggjort "The International Religious Freedom Report for 2011", der beskriver religionsfrihedssituationen i 199 lande. Rapporten konstaterer, at der er sket forværringer af religionsundertrykkelsen i Kina, Nordkorea, Iran, Saudiarabien, Eritrea og visse andre lande. Om situationen i Egypten står der bl.a., at "senior U.S. officials, including President Barack Obama, raised deep U.S. concerns about increased religious violence and discrimination against Copts with senior Egyptian officials, including concerns about the government’s failure to prosecute perpetrators of sectarian violence. The United States also sponsored programs in Egypt to promote religious tolerance and freedom." Download. I en artikel på Bibelselskabets hjemmeside udtaler udviklingsminister Chr. Friis Bach også bekymring ver religionsfrihedssituationen. ”Vi står benhårdt fast på, at de religiøse mindretal skal beskyttes og religionsfriheden skal sikres, for det er en grundlæggende del af menneskers rettigheder”, siger ministeren og peger på de kristne mindretal i Egypten og situationen i Burma som nogle af de områder, der aktuelt har særligt fokus." Download.

Religionsfrihed i Mellemøsten og NordafrikaYear of rebellion-forside

 
Hvordan ser situationen ud mht. religionsfrihed i Mellemøsten og Nordafrika, specielt efter det arabiske forår? På denne side vil dette spørgsmål blive belyst gennem henvisninger til analyser, kommentarer og forskning.

Amnesty Internationa, "Middle East and North Africa: Year of rebellion: The state of human rights in the Middle East and North Africa" (2012)
"2011 was a year without precedent for the peoples of the Middle East and North Africa region. It was a year in which millions of people of all ages and backgrounds flooded on to the streets to demand change. Dubbed the “Arab Spring”, in fact the protests brought together in common cause people from many different communities. This report describes the events of this tumultuous year, one which saw much suffering and sadness but also spread hope within the region and beyond, to countries where other people face repression and everyday abuse of their human rights." Download.

BBC, "Guide - Christians in the Middle East"
"The Middle East is the birthplace of Christianity and home to some of the world's most ancient Christian denominations. But Christian communities across the region are declining in numbers because of a combination of low birth rates, emigration and, in some places, persecution and violence." Download.

CBS, "Christians of the Holy Land” (aired on April 22, 2012)
The exodus from the Holy Land of Palestinian Christians could eventually leave holy cities like Jerusalem and Bethlehem without a local Christian population, Bob Simon reports. Why are they leaving? For some, life in the middle of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has become too difficult.60 Minute report – Christians of the Holy Land. The following script is from “Christians of the Holy Land” which aired on April 22, 2012. Bob Simon is the correspondent. Harry Radliffe, producer. Download.

Die Welt Online: "Lage verfolgter Christen undramatischer als angenommen. Experten berichten im Menschenrechtsausschuss des Bundestages über Nahost und Nordafrika" (Die Welt Online 10/5/12)
"Die deutschen Bemühungen um den Schutz verfolgter Christen in Nordafrika und dem Nahen Osten laufen offenbar teilweise ins Leere. Von einer systematischen Verfolgung in diesen Regionen könne nicht die Rede sein, erklärten Experten im Menschenrechtsausschuss, wie der Bundestag am Donnerstag mitteilte. Ein Eingreifen von außen würde demnach nur Probleme schaffen." Blandt eksperterne er den lutherske palæstinensiske teolog fra Betlehem, Mitri Raheb.  Download.

Grim, J, "Rising Restrictions on Religion as Part of the Context of Arab Spring & Its Aftermath" (2012)
The paper was presented at a conference on "Christians in the Arab World: One Year After the Arab Spring, European Parliament, Burssels, May 9, 2012. Download.

Hulsman, Cornelis, "Exacerbating the position of Christians in Egypt through reporting out of context harms Egypt’s Christians" (2012)
The paper was presented at a conference on "Christians in the Arab World: One Year After the Arab Spring, European Parliament, Burssels, May 9, 2012. Download.

Meral, Ziya, "The True Test of Democracy in the Middle East" (Today's Zaman 1/11/11)
"As the sociopolitical changes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) continue to dazzle and excite, analysts are trying to decode what the word “democracy” means for the new actors in the region and how the democratization process may or may not unfold. Unlike popular perceptions, the measure of things to come is not whether fair and free elections are held, but whether or not religious freedom will be upheld." Download.

Meral, Ziya, " Shariah in Times of Political Change" (24/4/12)
"For the vast majority of Muslims living in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, cries for Shariah are cries for equality, justice, fairness and moral values in the face of corrupt politicians and regimes. But whenever such genuine calls were used by political elites to maintain their power by purporting to uphold Islam, or used by opposition movements to achieve power with claims of being Islam’s standard-bearers, the result was often disastrous. Few if any of the problems leading to calls for Shariah were solved and, in som cases, things became much worse." Download.

Raheb, Mitri, "The Revolutions in the Arab World: The Promise and the Illusion" (April 20, 2011)
Download.


Forfølgelse af kristne i Saudi Arabien

 

 

Jennifer Gold, "Persecution of Christians Increases in Saudi Arabia after New King Inaugurated". Christian Today, Aug. 25, 2005
"Persecution among believers of religions other than Islam has noticeably increased since the new king of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah, was installed after the death of King Fahd, AsiaNews has reported". Download.

Forfølgelse af kristne i Iran

 

Mission Network News, "Open Doors Reports Explosive Church Growth in Iran" (March 16, 2012)
For 40 år siden var der omkring 200 kristne med muslimsk baggrund i Iran, i dag skønnes tallet at være 370.000 konvertitter. Desden er der i de traditionelle armenske og assyriske kirker omkring 80.000 medlemmer. "These Christians face daily harassment for their faith. The government's abhorrence of house churches has caused house churches to cut membership down from around 15 members to more like 5 or 6. Open Doors staff say that in the last several months, the Iranian government has prohibited several churches from offering services in Farsi on Fridays, the official day off in the country. The Iranian government also forbids the selling of Bibles or New Testaments."

Iranian Government Cracks Down on Christian Minority (July 20, 2011)
"A few weeks ago, the Iranian Supreme Court upheld the death sentence of evangelical priest, Yousef Nadarkhani, for the crime of apostasy. According to Iranian rights groups, his will be the first death for such a crime in decades. This sentence, which caused dismay and concern in the international community, sheds light on Tehran’s oppressive policies against its own religious minorities. The Christian minority has come under intense pressure in the last several years, with a wave of random arrests, imprisonments and increasingly anti-Christian rhetoric".

Farsi Christian News Network, Summary Report on the Repression and the Persecution of ChristianIranians in 2010
"Prejudiced discrimination continued to be a major social problem for the vastly increasing number of Christians in our beleaguered country. Even though the Islamic Republic’s Constitution recognizes Christianity as one of the country’s major religions; in actual fact it is only applied to Armenians and Assyrians living in the country. The fact that huge numbers of Christian converts now constitute the majority of believers in the land is completely overlooked and ignored. Convert Teachers and Lecturers, or anyone else for that matter, are routinely sacked. Anyone admitting to Christianity is immediately dismissed from his/her position without any hope of indemnity, redress, or compensation. New converts are routinely banned from higher education, and government employment is one hundred percent reserved for Muslims. This discriminatory system is even extended to the inheritance laws and is applied with a vigor against Christians as well all other non-Muslims. ... Newly converted Christians are entirely ignored as the powers to be in the Islamic Republic claim the recognition in the constitution of the regime is applicable to Armenians and Assyrian minorities only, as conversion from Islam to any other is unacceptable and can only be dealt with by death; no other considerations can be entertained."

 

Islamisk teologisk undervisning i Europa

 

Institutioner

 

 

 

FRANKRIG

École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Institut d’ Études d’Islam et des Sociétés du Monde Musulman (Institute for the Study of Islam and Societies of the Muslim World, IISMM)
http://iismm.ehess.fr

 

HOLLAND

The Free University of Amsterdam

Leiden University ‘duplex ordo’ system

International Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World, Leiden (ISIM)

 

STORBRITTANIEN

 

TYSKLAND

Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für Islamwissenschaft (Free University of Berlin, Institute for Islamic Studies)
www.geschkult.fu-berlin.de/e/islamwiss

Zentrum Moderner Orient (ZMO, Centre for Modern Oriental Studies), Berlin
www.zmo.de

 

Litteratur

Bowlby, Mathew &  Benjamin van Impelen, 2The Imam Training Debate: The Future of Religion for Dutch Muslims". Humanity in Action, 2006.
Download.

Curtit, Francoise & Anne Laure Zwilling, "L'enseignement de la thélogie musulmane en Europe: contexte et contenu". I Michele Dencker & Francis Meisner (eds.), La Theologie á l'universite: statut, programme et evalution. Genéve: Labor et Fides, 2009, pp. 151-175.
Download.

Dutch Ministry of Education. “Imams in Nederland: wie leidt ze op?”  Report from the Advice Committee on Imam Education. Dec 2003. 
DownloadFuess, Albrecht, Introducing Islamic Theology at German Universities, Aims and Procedures. Copenhagen Universtiy Islam Lecture Series. 13th April 2011

The lecture analyses the process ofd intruduction of Islamic Theology at universities in Germany. Download.

Ghaly, Mohammed, Training Imams in Europe: The Challenges of Developing a Unified Program Leiden University as a Study Case
Download.

Ghaly, Mohammed M. ‘The Academic Training of Imams: Recent Discussions and Initiatives in the Netherlands’. In The Study of Religion and the Training of Muslim Clergy in Europe: Academic and Religious Freedom in the 21st Century. Edited by Willem B. Drees and Peiter Sjoerd van Kongsveld, 371-378. Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2008.

Husson, Jean-Francois, Training Imams in Europe. The Current Status (2007)
Download.

Johansen, Birgitte, "Imamuddannelse i Europa - udfordringer og perspektiver", Report from the Priority Area "Religion in the 21st century", University of Copenhagen. 2005
Download

Johansen, Birgitte Schepelern, Islam at the Euroepan Universities. Report II. University of Copenhagen Research Priority Area Religion in the 21st Century 2006
Download.

Johansen, Birgitte Schepelern,"Islamic Theology at the European Universities: Secularisation, Boundaries and the Role of Religion". Nordic Journal of Religion and Society 19:2
"Several public European universities are currently discussing the possibility of offering courses in Islamic theology with the purpose of educating European imams, Muslim chaplains and teachers. This article presents an analysis of how three different universities in the Netherlands, Denmark and Germany argue their point as either pro or con Islamic confessional teaching as a legitimate part of the university system. What discursive boundaries are being drawn around the secular university including and excluding certain subjects? How are they related to the legal and political framework in the respective countries? The article argues that the specific positions Islamic theology is granted are intimately related to how the categories ‘religion’ and «science» are constructed, thus making Islamic theology an interesting boundary marker for the universities." Download.

Leiden Universiteit.  Leiden’s Latest.  “New Program: Islamic Theology.”  28 Jun 2006.
Download

Liengaard, Inge, "Normalt er islam jo en fælles ting ... Religiøse autoriteter og etableringen af et islamisk felt i Danmark". PhD afhandling, Århus Universeitet 2008.
Inge Liengaard  "bygger blandt andet sine konklusioner på en kortlægning af landets moskeer, deres organisering og medlemstal.Primært har hun dog bygget sin afhandling på tilbundsgående interview med 20 indflydelsesrige imamer i Danmark om deres baggrund og uddannelse. Hun har også spurgt til deres forståelse af, hvad der sker på den islamiske scene i Danmark, hvilke strømninger der er, hvor de ser sig selv henne i det store billede, og hvem de samarbejder med. Formålet har været at indkredse, hvad der har gjort imamerne til religiøse autoriteter, og hvordan de forholder sig til den rolle" Læs mere.

Modood, Tariq, "Ethnicity, Muslims and Higher Education entry in Britain" in Teaching in Higher Education Vol.11, No.2, April 2006, p. 247-50
Download.

Nielsen, Jørgen S.  “Who is interested in European imams and why?”  Nov 2005.
Download.

Ramadan, Tariq. ‘Plotting the Future of Islamic Studies: Teaching and Research in the Current Political Climate’. Academic Matters, 2007: 6-8.
Download.

Siddiqui,Ataullah, Islam at Universities in England. Meeting the Needs and Investing in the Future. Report. Submitted to Bill Rammel MP [Minister of State for Lifelong Leaning, Further and Higher Education] on 10th April 2007
Rapporten beskrifver "waht measures can be taken to improve the quality of information about Islam that is available to students and staff in Universities in England."  Download.

Staten och imamerna. Religion, integration, autonomi. Betänkande av Imamutbildningsutredningen (Stockholm: Statens Offentliga Utredningar, 2009).
Download.

Whewell, Tim.  “State training for Europe’s imams.”  BBC Online.  17 Jun 2004
Download

 

Debat

 

Religionsforfølgelse i Pakistan

 

Jinnah Institute, "A Question of Faith" (2011)
A report on discrimination and persecution of religious minorities in Pakistan today. Download.

Hinduisme og hindu-kristne relationer

 

 

Online Articles

Journal of Hindu - Christian Studies
The Journal of Hindu-Christian Studies is an annual scholarly journal published at the University of Notre Dame, and is the official publication of the Society for Hindu-Christian Studies. Back issues of the journal is available free of charge online. Download.

 

Øvrige religioner

 

Hinduisme

 

Buddhisme

 

Østligt inspirereret nyåndelighed

Boka Haram

Boko Haram er en militant islamistisk gruppe i Nigeria, hvis mål det er at indføre shari'a i hele landet. Gruppens officielle arabiske navn er Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'awati wal-Jihad, som betyder Fælleskabet af dem som vil fremme profetens lære og jihad. Boka Haram er Hausa og betyder direkte oversat "Vestlig uddannelse forbudt". Gruppen er grundlagt i 2002 og dens leder var Mohammed Yusuf indtil 2009, da han i forbindelse med Boko Haram optøjer blev dræbt. Gruppen blev internationalt kendt i august 2011, da den angreb FNs bygning i Abuja. DEn 14. april 2014 bortførte Boko Haram 276 især kristne skolepiger i Borno stat. I alt har Boko Harams terrorangreb kostet omkring 12000 menneskeliv.

 

On-line litteratur om Boko Haram

Adesoji, Abimbola, "The Boko Haram Uprising and Islamic Revivalism in Nigeria"(AfricaSpectrum2/2010:95-108).
"From the 1980 Maitatsine uprising to the 2009 Boko Haram uprising, Nigeria was bedevilled by ethno-religious conflicts with devastating human and material losses. But the Boko Haram uprising of July 2009 was significant in that it not only set a precedent, but also reinforced the attempts by Islamic conservative elements at imposing a variant of Islamic religious ideology on a secular state. Whereas the religious sensitivity of Nigerians provided fertile ground for the breeding of the Boko Haram sect, the sect’s blossoming was also aided by the prevailing economic dislocation in Nigerian society, the advent of party politics (and the associated desperation of politicians for political power), and the ambivalence of some vocal Islamic leaders, who, though they did not actively embark on insurrection, either did nothing to stop it from fomenting, or only feebly condemned it. These internal factors coupled with growing Islamic fundamentalism around the world make a highly volatile Nigerian society prone to violence, as evidenced by the Boko Haram uprising. Given the approach of the Nigerian state to religious conflict, this violence may remain a recurring problem. This paper documents and analyses the Boko Haram uprising, as well as its links with the promotion of Islamic revivalism and the challenges it poses to the secularity of the Nigerian state." Download.

Alao, Abiodun, "Islamic Radicalisation and Violence in Nigeria"
Download.

Amaliya, Mark &
Michael Nwankpa "Assessing Boko Haram: A Conversation". Journal of Terrorism Research (2013)
Download

Boko Haram: A Brief Bibliography of Open Source Information
Download.

Chothia, Farouk, "Who are Nigeria's Boko Haram Islamists?" ( BBC, August 26, 2011).
Download.

Cook, David, "Boko Haram: A Prognosis" (Dec. 2012)
"In the short term, the most likely goal of Boko Haram is to clear out the region of Yobe and Borno states of Christians and any government presence in order to establish an Islamic state where Muslims from other regions of Nigeria can make hijra and use as a base. In some ways this goal has been largely accomplished, as many Christians have fled Maiduguri and Damaturu.67 However, this fact Online Pokies has hardened the opposition to Boko Haram throughout the country—not only among Christians and government elements, but among Northern Muslim elites as well." Download.

Danjibo, N. D., "Islamic Fundamentalism and Sectarian Violence: The “Maitatsine” and “Boko Haram” Crises in Northern Nigeria" (IFRA Conference on Conflict and Violence in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 2009 Conference in Zaria (Clément Boutillier ed.).
Download.

de Montclos, Marc-Antoine Perouse, (ed.) Boko Haram:Islamism, politics, security and the state in Nigeria (African Studies  Centre, 2014)
Download.

Forest, James J. F., Confronting the Terrorism of Boko Haram in Nigeria (May 2012)
Download.

IRIN,"Analysis: Understanding Nigeria's Boko Haram Radicals". (June 18, 2011).
Download.

McCormack, David, "An African Vortex: islamism in Sub-Saharan Africa" (Jan 2005)
Download.

Murtadad, Ahmad, Boko Haram in Nigeria: Its Beginnings, Principles and Actiities (2013)
Download.

Muzaffar, Chandra, "Boko Haram and the Politics of Terror in Nigeria". Global Research, May 14, 2014.
Download.

Oloja, Akinola, "Nigeria's Troubled North: Interrogating the Drivers of Public Support for Boko Haram". International Centre for Counterterrorism, The Hague, 2013.
"In this Research Paper, ICCT Visiting Fellow Akinola Olojo examines the key drivers of public support for Boko Haram in northern Nigeria.The author suggests that the effective formulation and implementation of a proactive (Nigerian) counter-terrorism strategy requires an incisive understanding of the political, socio-economic and religious/ideological drivers of public support for the group. The multi-dimensional nature of the Boko Haram crisis in northern Nigeria challenges conventional approaches used in addressing terrorist violence. Olojo reflects on the need for a bold mix of interventions and partnerships that combine elements of both hard and soft power. The application of these approaches by both domestic actors and external partners must necessarily draw upon an understanding of the key drivers that this paper explores." Download.

Rogers, Paul, "Nigeria: The generic context of the Boko Haram Violence" (2012)
"With much written about the movement over the past year, this briefing will focus on the role of economic and political marginalisation in fostering violence. For over a decade, Oxford Research Group has sought to analyse what may be termed “revolts from the margins”, and there may be a sense in which Boko Haram relates to this concept."Download.

Salifu,Uyu, "Nigeria: Understanding the Dynamics of Islamic Radicalism in Nigeria Is Key to Bringing Boko Haram to Book" (Aug 31, 2012)
"According to the historian Niels Kastfelt, the historical roots of Islamic radicalisation are found in the amalgamation of southern and northern Nigeria in 1914 and the emergence of constitutional regionalism and regionally based political parties in the 1950s. These events resulted in the politicisation of religion as affiliation to political parties developed on the basis of religion, particularly along Christian-Muslim lines. An additional factor is the emergence of the 'maitasine revolution' in the 1980s, which centred on purifying Islam and rejecting aspects of Western civilisation that were perceived to corrupt Islamic reverence." Download.

Stewart, Scott, "The Rising Threat from Boko Haram" (Stratfor Intelligence, Nov. 10,  2011)
Download.

Stewart, Scott, "Is Boko Haram More Dangerous than Ever?" (Stratfor Intelligence, Dec. 13, 2012)
Download.

The Economist, "Nigeria's crisi: A threat to the entire country" (Sept. 29, 2012).
Download.

The Economist, "Jihad in Africa: The Danger in the Desert" (Jan 26, 2013)
Download.

Walker, Andrew, "What is Boko Haram?" (United States Institute of Peace. Special Report. 2013)
Download.

 

Articles by Mogens S. Mogensen

"Boko Harams genealogi".
Blog-indlæg, Eftertanke.dk, den 31. oktober 2012. Download

"Terrorisme i Nigeria - fra Boko Haram til Ansaru"
Blog-indlæg, Wordpress, den 21. februar 2013. Download.

 

Other media

Tande, Dibussi, "Beyond Boko Haram: The Rise of Fundamenalist Islam in Nigeria" (June 2012) PPP
Presentation at conference on threats to Nigeria's security at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC.

 

 

 

Links

Facebook: Boko Haram.
Visit.

Ekstremisme og radikalisering

 

Ekstremisme og radikalisering - generelt

Antidemokratiske og ekstremistiske miljøer I Danmark. En kortlægning. SFI – Det nationale forskningscenter for Velfærd, 2014
Download.

Forebyggelse af radikalisering og ekstremisme. Regeringens handlingsplan. September 2014
Download.

Kühle, Kühle "Radikalisering: ekstremisme eller vækkelse? : En undersøgelse af aarhusianske muslimers holdninger" I.  Islam og muslimer i Danmark: Religion, identitet og sikkerhed efter 11. september 2011 . ed. / Marianne Holm Pedersen; Mikkel Rytter. København : Museum Tusculanum, 2011. p. 89-114 (Migration & Integration, Vol. 2).

Malet, David, Foreing Fighters. Transnational Identity in Civil Conflicts. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Omtale af bogen i blogindlæg af Mogens S. Mogensen.

Metoder i arbejdet med radikalisering. Forebyggelse af ekstremisme. En håndbogsserie (2012).
Download.

 

Online litteratur om islamisk ekstremisme


Farmer, Brian A, Understanding Radical Islam. Medieval Ideology in the 21st Century (2007)

Read more.

Moussalli, Ahmad, Wahhabism, Salafism, Islamism - Who is the enemy? (2009)
"This essay constructs and deconstructs three main discourses created by different and opposing trends in modern Islamic thought that are normally and mistakenly lumped together as Islamism, fundamentalism, salafism, neo-salafism, Wahhabism, jihadism, political Islam, Islamic radicalism and others. I will compare and contrast between them by developing a typology of major ideologies of active Islamic trends that centers specifically on Wahhabism and neo-Wahhabism, salafism and neo- salafism, and Islamism, both moderate and radical." Download.

Roy, Olivier, "Døden var Osama bin Ladens sidste store rolle" (Information, den 10. maj 2011)
I modsætning til mange i vesten har de arabiske masser allerede for længst indset, at al-Qaedas leder dybest set var en narcissist uden ægte interesse for dem. Download.

Shpend Kursani, Report inquiring into the causes and consequences of Kosovo citizens’ involvement as foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq. Kosovar Center for Security Studies (April 2015) Donwload.

 

 

Ekstremistiske islamiske grupper

Boko Haram
En voldelig islamistisk gruppe i Nigeria, grundlagt 2002. Læs mere. IKKE OPDATERET


Islamisk ekstremisme i Danmark



Crone , Mani, Dynamikker i ekstremistiske miljøer. 2010 DIIS.
Download.


Jensen, Tina Gudrun & Kate Østergaard, Ekstremistiske miljøer med salafi-grupperinger i fokus  (2011)
Formålet med dette forskningsprojekt har været, "at tilvejebringe større viden om ekstremistiske grupperingers autoritetsstrukturer, organisering, miljø/lokaliteter, rekrutterings- mekanismer, ideologi og transnationale relationer." Fokus har være på salaf-miljøer i Danmark og på spørgsmålet, om disse miljører kan opfattes som ekstremistiske.Rapporten undersøger, hvorvidt og på hvilke måder salafi-miljøer kan opfattes som ekstremistiske. Undersøgelsen bygger bl.a. på deltagerobservation ved islamundervisning i udvalgte miljøer, samt kvalitative intervews med 25 personer, samt indsamling af data fra internettet. Download.

Jensen,Michael Taarnby, "Jihad in Denmark. An Overview and Analysis of Jihadi Activity in Denmark 1990-2006. DIIS Working Paper nr. 35. 2006.
Download.

Kühle, Lene and Lasse Lindekilde, “Radicalization among Young Muslims in Aarhus,” Aarhus University Centre for Studies on Islamism and Radicalization, January 2010. Download

Lindekilde, Lasse & Mark Sedgwick, "Impact of Counter-Terrorism on Communities: Denmark Background Report" (Sept. 2012)
Reportens indledningsafsnit indeholder opdaterede statistiske oplysninger om ikke-vestlige første- og andengeneraltionsindvandrere. Rapporten lægger grundlaget for behovet for videre forskning om anti-terrorisme. 

Lasse Lindekilde, “Forebyggelse af radikalisering, miskendelse og muslimsk minoritetsidentitet” [Preventing Radicalization, Misrepresentation and Muslim Minority Identity], Tidsskrift for Islamforskning no. 2, 2010. Download.

Michael Taarnby, “Jihad in Denmark,” Danish Institute for International Studies DIIS Working Paper 35, November 2006, p. 9. http://www.diis.dk/sw30537.asp.
Download.

Sinclair, Kirstine, Globale drømme nationale virkeligheder. Hizb ut-Tahrir i Danmark og Storbrittanien 2008. Den ny verden. Tidsskrift for Internationale Studier. DIIS. 2008l

 

Salafisme

Salafimsme kommer af det arabiske ord "salaf", der betyder "forfader", og der refereres kollektivt til de frøste tre muslimske generationer som "as-Salaf as-Saleh", eller de fromme forfædre. If. en overleveret tradition i Bukharis samling udtlalte profeten Muhammed, at de bedste mennesker er dem fra hans egen generatio, og dem som kommer efter dem, dvs. den næste generation, og dem som kommer efter dem igen (altså den tredje generation). Den grundlæggende ide i salafismen er, at den form for islam, som blev prædiket og praktiseret af Muhamamed og også praktiseret af hans generation og de to efterfølgende generationer var den rene udgave af religionen, som derfor må være den ultimative autoritet for fortolkningen af Koranen og profetens Sunna. Nøglepersoner for salafismen er Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855), der kalds Imam ahl al-Sunnah, og Ibn Taymityya (d. 1328), ibn al-Qayyim (d. 1350) og Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (d. 1793), som har fåret titlerne Sheikh ul-Islam.

 

On-line litteratur om salafisme

Abdel-Latif, Omayma, "Trends in Salafism".In Michael Emerson, Richard Youngs , Kristina Kausch (Eds), Islamist Radicalisation: The Challenge for Euro-Mediterranean Relations.Centre for European Policy Studies, 2009
"In much current writing it is argued that Salafist thought and doctrine is responsible for a good deal of the violence that the West and the Arab world have experienced during the past two decades. The rise of Salafism (the most puritanical strain of Islam) is seen as a key ingredient of re-radicalisation. Some of these assumptions are being challenged, however, by the existence of Salafist groups that do not espouse violence as a mechanism for social and political change.There are clearly diverse interpretations of Salafism today. The key denominator that distinguishes one Salafist group from another has to do with the stand each group chooses to take regarding the crucial question of whether there should be a separation between the religious and political domains in Salafist thought."

Adraoui, Mohammed-Ali, "Purist Salafism in France". ISIM Review 21, 2008
"Although Islam in France is composed of currents found in Muslim societies around the world, France is currently primarily affected by the assertion of purist Salafis, whose main concern is to bring Muslim believers back to the path of Islamic orthodoxy. Purist Salafi Muslims strictly differentiate themselves from non-Muslims and Muslims alike. They emphasize a break with society in order to return to Islam practiced in its “original” form, but their purist Salafism nonetheless retains some trappings of the modernity it shuns." Download.

Amghar, Samir "Ideological and Theological Foundations of Muslim Radicalism in France" MICROCON Policy Working Paper 4. 2009
"With nearly 5 million Muslims, France is home to more people of Islamic faith than any other European country. In the French public arena the ‘Islamic threat’, widely mediatised at the time of the attacks on the World Trade Centre in New York, has taken on a connotation of combat and revolution and become a synonym of violence and terrorism. Yet, far from constituting a homogenous movement, the Islamic threat is polymorphous. In this paper, we document the different forms of radicalism in France, with a view to understanding its permutations over the last 20 years, along with the various motivations of the members and sympathisers of these diverse forms." Download.

Ellegaard, Carsten & Mads Bonde Brobjerg, "Islamisk gruppe vækker afksy" (Jyllands-Posten, den 16. oktober 2011)
JP-interview med to repræsentanter fra den danske salafistgruppe Ahlu Sunah Wa Jammah. Download.

Halldén, P., "Salafi in Vitual and Physical Reality". ISIM, 13, 2003.
Many of the people who have been arrested around the world during the past two years suspected of being members of al-Qa'ida or affiliated organizations, have taken pride in belonging to the so-called Salafi movement. The designation may cause some confusion in view of the fact that the term 'Salafi' is also known, in older academic parlance, to denote aschool of thought associated with 'modernist' reformers such as Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (1838-1897) and Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905). These reformers, if ever mentioned at all, are likely to be shunned by the contemporary Salafist. Today, 'Salafism' is more often used in reference to a quite different brand of Islamic thought and practice, a brand that is practically identical to what has otherwise been known as 'Wahhabism', i.e. the form of Sunni Islam that constitutes the 'state religion' of Saudi Arabia." Download.

Hamid, Sadek, "The Development of British Salafism". ISIM Review 21- 2008
"The development of Salafism in the UK is attributable to the convergence of the globalization of Salafi discourse, the search for religious identity among second generation British Muslims seeking “pure” religion, and the competition for recruits between rival Islamic currents. British Salafism has become diversified to such an extent that it is no longer recognizable as a single movement, with the development taking unexpected turns that belie popular monolithic representations." Download.

Jensen, Tina Gudrun & Kate Østergaard, Ekstremistiske miljøer med salafi-grupperinger i fokus  (2011)

Formålet med dette forskningsprojekt har været, "at tilvejebringe større viden om ekstremistiske grupperingers autoritetsstrukturer, organisering, miljø/lokaliteter, rekrutterings- mekanismer, ideologi og transnationale relationer." Fokus har være på salaf-miljøer i Danmark og på spørgsmålet, om disse miljører kan opfattes som ekstremistiske.Rapporten undersøger, hvorvidt og på hvilke måder salafi-miljøer kan opfattes som ekstremistiske. Undersøgelsen bygger bl.a. på deltagerobservation ved islamundervisning i udvalgte miljøer, samt kvalitative intervews med 25 personer, samt indsamling af data fra internettet. Download.

Justitsministerens svar til spørgsmål fra Martin Henriksen, Dansk Folkeparti (9. nov. 2011)
Spørgsmål om muligheden for at forbyde salafist-organisation. Download.

Moustgaard,Ulrikke, "Salafi-bølge over Europa" (Jyllands-Posten den 15. marts 2003).
Download.

Sedwick, Mark, "Contextualizing Salafism". Tidsskrift for Islamforskning. Nr. 1, 1975, s. 75ff.
Download.

Stemmann, Juan José Escobar, "Middle East Salafism's Influence and Radicalization of Muslim Communities in Europe". Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol. 10, No. 3 (September 2006)
"This article discusses the Salafi ideology behind the recent terror attacks in Europe, including the Madrid (March 2004) and London bombings (July 2005) and the role of such attacks in the radicalization process among certain sectors of Europe’s Muslim communities." Download.

Ungureanu, Daniel, "Wahhabism, Salafism and the Expansion of Islamic Fundamentalist Ideology"

"Rise of Wahhabism was an example of a larger current, which exerts pressure on the “return to sources”, discernible in other regions of the Islamic world in the eighteenth century. Sources were the Koran and the Prophet's traditions, Sunna, contrary to the doctrines of the four Sunni schools of law at the time active. Continuing the Wahhabi ideology, Salafism represented, in the development of Islamic spirituality, maybe the most altered form of the Muslim culture, removing all values that were not connected with the first generation of Islam." Download.

 

Salfistiske websites

Salaf.co

Islam i DanmarkMoskeer_i_Danmark

Online Litteratur

Helqvist, Iben & Elizabeth Sebian, "Islam in Denmark" (EuroIslam.Info)
Download.

Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations in Denmark
Download.

Links

Danskmuslim.dk
Dette website giver den bedste oversigt over islam i Danmark, inkl. islams historie i Danmark, moskéer, organisationer, skoler etc. "Danskmuslim.dk indhold er baseret på traditionel sunni-islam, og ønsker at skabe en internetbaseret ummah for alle muslimer i Danmark, der anser sig selv for at være en del af den nye dynamik i det danske samfund. Derfor er danskmuslim.dk således 100% ideologisk og religiøst uafhængig af muslimske organisationer og foreninger." Download.

Minhaj-ul-Quran-confMinhaj ul-Quran

Minhaj ul-Quran, der direkte oversat betyder Koranens vej, er en international moderat islamisk organisation, grundlagt af dr. Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri i 1980 ii Lahore, Pakistan. Organisationen beskriver sig selv på denne måde: MQ  "er en international organisation, der arbejder for at fremme fred, tolerance, interreligiøs harmoni og uddannelse, bekæmpe ekstremisme og terrorisme, dialog med unge muslimer for religiøs moderation, kvinders rettigheder, udvikling og empowerment, og sikre den sociale velfærd og fremme af menneskerettighederne." Organisationen er præget af sufi-islam.

I 2010 udstedte dr. Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri et fatwa mod selvmordsbombere og terrorisme, optrykt i en 500 sider lang bog med forord af prof. John Esposito, "Fatwa on the Suicide Bombings and Terrorism" og resumeret i bogen "Introduction to the Fatwa on Suicide Bombings and Terrorism". Download. Se også websitet FatwaonTerrorism.com og Facbook-side om "Fatwa on Suicide Bombings and Terrorism".

"The United Nations Economic and Social Council" (ECOSOC) har formelt anerkendt og givet 'Special Consultative Status' til Minhaj-ul-Quran International.

Tahir_al-Qadri

Den 24. september 2011 afholdt Minhaj ul-Quran en "Peace for Humanity"-konference på Wembley i London, hvor Muhammad Tahrir ul-Qadri fremlagde ”The London Declaration for Global Peace & against Extremism 2011", der indeholder en klar afvisning af enhver form for terror i islams (eller nogen anden reliigions) navn. Læs blogindlæg om konferencen og deklararationan af Mogens S. Mogensen her.

Minhaj ul-Quran har været aktiv i Danmark siden begyndelsen af 80'erne, og i sidste halvdel af firserne etableredes særlige afdelinger for kvinder, mænd og unge. Ungdomsorganisationen (MYL) var meget aktiv i 90'erne. En række moskeer, som især tiltrækker muslimer med pakistansk baggrund, er knyttet til Minhaj ul-Quran.

 

Links

Minhaj ul-Quran International -  website. Download.

Minhaj ul-Quran - dansk afdeling - website. Download.

Intro til islamIntroduction_islam

 

Introduktioner til islam

  • Munck, Jakob, "Hvad er islam?" 2007. Download.
    Global Ministries, ´"What is Islam?". Download.
  • BBC, Islam. Download.
  • Bigger, Stephen, "Introduction to Islam". Download.
  • Religious Tolerance, Islam. Introduction. Download.
  • M. Cherif Basssiouni, "Introduction to Islam" (2012). Download.

 

  • Arendt, Niels Henrik. 2001. Gud er stor! Om islam og kristendom. København: Anis.
  • Opsal, Jan. 1994. Lydighetens vei. Islams veier til vår tid. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
  • Simonsen, Jørgen Bæk. 2001. Det retfærdige samfund. Viborg: Samleren.
  • Simonsen, Jørgen Bæk. 2006. Hvad er islam? København: Akademisk Forlag.
  • Cragg, Kenneth. 1985. The Call of the Minaret. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis.
  • Esposito, John L. 1988. Islam. The Straight Path. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Rahman, Fazlur. 1979. Islam. Chicago: University Press.
  • Ruthven, Malise. 2006. Islam in the World. London: Granta Books.
  • Waines, David. 2000. Introduction to Islam. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Islams udbredelse idag

  • Pew Research Center, "Mapping the Global Muslim Population" - Download.
  • Jacobsen, Brian Arly, "Muslimer i mandtal - tal, fordomme og politik i Europa". Tidsskrift for Islamforskning, Nr. 1. 2008. Download.


Islams historie

  • Esposito. John L., 2000. The Oxford History of Islam. NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Islam 662 AD - Present. Download.

 

Introduktioner til kristen-muslimske relationer

  • Mogensen, Mogens S. "Gudsbillede, skriftsyn og frelsesforståelse i islam og kristendom". Download.
  • World Council of Churches, "Issues in Christian-Muslim Relations" (1992). Download.
  • Christensen, Jens. 1989. Konfrontation - kristendom og islam. Ribe: Tidehverv. English version Download.
  • Goddard, Hugh. 2000. A History of Christian-Muslim Relations. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

 

Muslimsk nyåndelighed

 

 

Online litteratur på dansk

Birgitte Schepelern, "Flere muslimer bruger islam til selvudvikling" (Religion.dk, den 1. september 2011)
Artiklen omtaler blandt et forskningsprojekt af Nadia Jeldtoft, ”der handler om religiøsitet blandt ikke-organiserede muslimer i storbymiljøer i Danmark og Tyskland peger på, at en del muslimer lever på en måde, der mest af alt ligner det, man kender fra studier af religiøsitet og spiritualitet blandt andre, ikke-muslimske europæere.” Download.

Kirsten Sterling ("Islamforskning forstærker fordomme". Information, den 2. december 2007)
"I den offentlige debat beskrives den muslimske minoritet i Europa og Vesten ofte som en gruppe, der har et særligt stærkt forhold til deres religion. De er mere aktive, mere religiøse og fanatiske end andre trossamfund.... Nadia Jeldtoft mener, at islamforskningen kommer til at bekræfte det billede, når den overvejende beskæftiger sig med de 600-800 muslimske indvandrere, der er organiseret i foreninger og organisationer med religiøst fortegn. I sit speciale om minoriteters religiøse identitet fandt Nadia Jeldtoft frem til, at religionen ikke spiller så stor en rolle for størstedelen af muslimer i Danmark." Download.

Københavns Universitet, "Muslimsk hverdagsliv ligner det kristne" (2011)
"Muslimer ligner i højere grad danske kristne i deres tilgang til islam. Et ph.d.-projekt på Københavns Universitet viser, at grupper af muslimer i Danmark og Tyskland tilpasser deres religion og ritualer til deres hverdagsliv, og at der sker en stigende individualisering blandt muslimske grupper. Men disse 'mere almindelige' muslimerne forsvinder ofte i mediebilledet." Download.

Lindi Winkel, "De andre muslimer er mere interessante" (Universitetsavisen 29. april 2009)
"Forskning i islam er med til at skabe et forvrænget billede af muslimer og deres religiøsitet, mener ph.d.-studerende Nadia Jeldtoft. Ligesom professor Jørgen S. Nielsen fra Center for Europæisk Islamisk Tænkning advarer hun mod farlig omgang med forskningens fakta." Download.

 

Anti-muslimismeEurabia-bog

"Anti-muslimisme" er en neologisme, med inspiration fra begrebet "anti-semitisme". Anti-semitisme defineres ofte som "et mere eller mindre udtalt had over for jøder", og anti-muslimsme forstås derfor her som "et mere eller mindre udtalt had over for muslimer". Begrebet er bl.a. blevet lanceret af professor Fred Halliday. Halliday har kritiseret Runnymede formulering af bregrebet islamfobi, da fjendskabet i dag ifl. Halliday ikke retter sig så meget mod islam og dens læresætninger som mod muslimer og deres handlinger. Derfor menere han, at "anti-muslimisme" er et mere dækkende begreb. Men mange af de holdninger, fænomener og begivenheder, som i anden sammenhæng beskrives under overskriften islamofobi, falder ind under det, som Halliday kalder anti-islamisme. If. Halliday omfatter anti-muslimisme racistiske, xenofobiske og stereotype elementer. 

Halliday skelner mellem en strategisk anti-islamiske og en populistisk anti-muslimisme. Han sporer den strategiske anti-islamiske tilbage til USA i 70'erne, hvor den fiknæring af OPECs olieprispolitik, den islamiske revolution i Iran, bombningen af World Trade Centre i 1993. Denne strategiske anti-islamiske lægger op til en militær løsning på den "muslimske terrorisme". Den populistiske anti-islamisme er if. Halliday relateret til spørgsmålet om muslimernes tilstedeværelse i europæiske samfund og hænger sammen med udviklingen af anti-immigrationshldninger i Vesteuropa siden80'erne og som især højrefløjs-politikere har lagt stemme til. (Islam and the Myth of Confrontation. Religion and Politics in the Middle East, I.B. Tauris: New York, 1995)

 

On-line Litterature on Anti-muslimism in English

 

Allen, Christopher & Jørgen S. Nielsen, Summary Report on Islamophobia in the EU after 11 September 2001 (European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia 2002)
Download.

Breivik, Anders Behring, "2083 - A European Declaration of independence" (2011)
Download.

Meleagrou-Hitchens, Alexander & Hans Brun, A Neo-Nationalist Network: The English Defence Leage and Europes Counter-Jihad Movement (London: International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence, 2013)
Download.


Mathias, Christopher, "6 Rules of Islamophobia in America". (Huffington Post January 23, 2017)
Huffington Post has tracked islamophobia in the US in 2016. Download.

Robinson, Robin, "Islamophobia or Anti-muslim Racism - or What - Concepts and Terms Revisited" (2009)
Download.

Wikipedia, "Euroabia"
"Eurabia is a social-political neologism which refers to the alleged Arabization and Islamization of Europe, and the European leaders' alleged  capitulation to Islamic influences". "In her 2005 book Eurabia: The Euro-Arab Axis, Bat Ye'or claims that Eurabia is the result of the French-led European policy originally intended to increase European power against the United States by aligning its interests with those of the Arab countries. She claims it as a primary cause of European hostility to Israel, referring to joint Euro-Arab foreign policies that she characterizes as anti-American and anti-Zionist. The term is generally used in combination with "dhimmitude", denoting an alleged attitude of concession, surrender and appeasement towards Islam. Her definition of Eurabia is: "Eurabia is a geo-political reality envisaged in 1973 through a system of informal alliances between, on the one hand, the nine countries of the European Community (EC) which, enlarged, became the European Union (EU) in 1992 and on the other hand, the Mediterranean Arab countries. The alliances and agreements were elaborated at the top political level of each EC country with the representative of the European Commission, and their Arab homologues with the Arab League's delegate. This system was synchronised under the roof of an association called the Euro-Arab Dialogue (EAD) created in July 1974 in Paris." - - " Most serious scolars consider "Eurabia" to be a conspiracy theory. Writing in "Race & Class" in 2006, author and freelance journalist Matt Carr argued that Eurabia had moved from "an outlandish conspiracy theory" to a more mainstream and 'dangerous Islamophobic fantasy'". Read more.

 

Artikler om anti-islamisme af Mogens S. Mogensen

"Hvilke holdninger lå bag Anders Breiviks terrorhandling 1: Nationalkonservatisme". mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com den 23. juli 2011
Download.

"Hvilke holdninger lå bag Anders Breiviks terrorhandling 2: Korstogsideologi."  mogenssmogensen.wordpress.com den 24. juli 2011
Download.



Anti-muslimistiske organisationer og websites i Danmark

Dansk Folkeparti
Download

Den Danske Forening
Download.

Hodjaernes Blog
Download

Snaphanen
Download.

Stop Islamiseringen af Danmark
Download.

Uriasposten
Download.

Danish Defence League
Download.

 

Anti-muslimistic Organisations and Websites - International

Gates of Vienna
"At the siege of Vienna in 1683 Islam seemed poised to overrun Christian Europe.
We are in a new phase of a very old war." Download.

Jihad Watch
Download.

The International Defence Leagues Network
Download

 


Kritik af anti-muslimistiske organisationer

Islamophobia Watch
Islamophobia Watch is a website whose aim is "Documenting anti-Muslim Bigotry. Click on "Links" to find a long list of "Anti-Islamophobia Websites".Download.


HOPE not Hate - Celebrating Britain's Diverse Society
"HOPE not hate mobilises everyone opposed to the British National Party’s (BNP) and English Defence League’s (EDL) politics of hate. It was formed in 2004 as a positive antidote to the BNP and has the support of the Daily Mirror, trade unions, celebrities and community groups across the country." Download.

 

 

Iraqi_Christians_-_persecution

Forfølgelse af kristne - Irak

 

 

 

Folkekirkens Mellemkirkelige Råd, Projekt "Forfulgte Kristne"
Fomålet er: "At sætte fokus på og bistå forfulgte kristne mindretalskirker i Irak i retten til at samles til gudstjeneste og bøn samt at leve i fredelig sameksistens og dialog i samfundet. At bistå forfulgte kristne, der hvor de er. Kontakten kan være i form af bøn, donationer og dialog mellem kirker i Danmark og Irak." Læs mere.

Irakisk forsonings- konference i København (Feb. 2008)
Download .

Summit of Iraqi Religious Leaders in Copenhagen January 2011
"Opening Speech by Bishop of Copenhagen". Download
"Fatwa concerning the banning of the hostility against the religious groups that live together with Muslims"
Download.
"Final statement". Download.

US State Department, Iraq - International Religious Freedom Report (November 2010)
A very thorough and up-to-date report about the status of religious freedom in Iraq with information about the legal status and the facts on the ground. Download.

World Council of Churches, Project "Living Letters"
"Living Letters are small ecumenical teams visiting a country to listen, learn, share approaches and challenges in overcoming violence and in peace making, and to pray together for peace in th. e community and in the world. A team consists of 4 - 6 women and men from around the world who have witnessed violence in its various forms and are engaged in working for just peace. A Living Letters team will be successful when those visited can affirm "we are not alone!" - and when team members feel they have received much from those who they visited to encourage." Download.
Dette projekt har inspireret MKRs projekt om forfulgte kristne - med fokus på Irak. Download.

Religionskritik

 

Bargfeldt, Islamkritiske netværk", Religion.dk, 1/8/11
Kort introduktion til "Islamkritisk netværk i Folkekirken", "Trykkefrihedsselskabet" og "Ethicha". Download.

Mogensen, Mogens S., "Muslimer og kristne: Religionskritik er frugtbar".
Blogindlæg 31. oktober 2009 om en kristen-muslimsk konference om religionskritik. Download.

Rasmussen, Lissi "Religionskritik som dialog i praksis. Kristendom og islam"
Download.

Religionskritik - und der Zukunft der Religion
Download.

 

Links

 

EMU linksamling om religionskritik
Download.

Religionskritik
Besøg.

Religionskritik-tema på Religion.dk
Download.

Christian Religious Buildings in Turkey

According to the constitution Turkey has freedom of religion, and acc. to the building code from 2003 it is in principle now possible for Christians to build churches. Still, however, it is if not impossible, so very difficult for Christians to build churches in Turkey.

 

Othman, Geries, "Switzerland may have acted badlyt, but is the Church truly free in Turkey, Turkish journalist asks" (AsiaNews 12/03/09)''
!Turkish leaders react to Swiss referendum that bans minarets. Muslims are asked to withdraw their money from Switzerland. But some wonder whether the Turkish government should look into its own "nasty little secrets" to see the denied permits to build or restore churches and the promises made but never kept with regards to Saint Paul's Church in Tarsus and the Orthodox theological school in Halki." Download.

 

Debate on Minarets in Europe
Debat om minareter i Europastop-minaret


Baumann, Martin, "Temples, Cupolas, Minarets: Public Space as a Contested Terrain in Contemporary Switzerland" (2009)
Article in Religio 2009 XVIII s. 141-153. "The paper explortes the metaphoricasl use of pulic space and its conceptualisation as an analytical tool: current debates of the building of minarets illustrate processes of exclusion and inclusion of immigrant *foreign" religion to Swiss pubnlic space". Download.

Cumming-Bruce, Nick & Steven Erlanger, "Swiss Ban Building of Minarets on Mosques" (New York Times 29. nov. 2009)
"Most painful for us is not the minaret ban, but the symbol sent by this vote," said Farhad Afshar, who runs the Coordination of Islamic Organizations in Switzerland. "Muslims do not feel accepted as a religious community." Download. 

Mogensen, Mogens S., "Hvem ringer klokkerne for?"
Blogindlæg 25. oktober 2009. Download.

Pedersen, Birthe B., "Minaret-debat er billede på vestlig identitetskrise" (Kristeligt Dagblad 15. dec. 2009)
Debatten om minareter og kors er en debat om religionens plads i det offentlige rum og om forholdet mellem sekularisering og tro. Read more.

Wikipedia, "Minaret Controversy in Switzerland"
Download

Religious Buildings in the Public Space
Religiøse bygninger i det offentlige rum


Online litterature

Allievi, Stefano, "Conflicts over Mosques in Europe. Policy Issues and Trends" (London: NEF Initiative on Religion and Democracy in Europe, 2009)
In his conclusion Allievi states that the conflicts about Islam reflects the profound changes taking place not only in but also of society. "The problem of islam ... is actually a problem of plurality and of pluralization as a process, which will have an impact on the very concept of the nation-state and its relationship with one ore more religions present withinits borders." This pluralization "has now reached a level that will produce a qualitative as well as quantitative change". Download report. (See also his paper on "Muliculturalism in Euroep". Download.)

Baumann, Martin, "Temples, Cupolas, Minarets: Public Space as a Contested Terrain in Contemporary Switzerland" (2009)
Article in Religio 2009 XVIII s. 141-153. "The paper explortes the metaphoricasl use of pulic space and its conceptualisation as an analytical tool: current debates of the building of minarets illustrate processes of exclusion and inclusion of immigrant *foreign" religion to Swiss pubnlic space". Download.

Gale, Richard, "The Multicultural City and the Politics of Religious Architecture: Urban Planning, Mosqes and Meaning-making in Birmingham, UK".
"A corollary of the development of Muslim communities in Britain has been a steady growth in the quantitative and aesthetic presence of mosques within British urban landscapes. Applications to develop these buildings have frequently given rise toforms ofaesthetic contestation that are embedded in processes of identity construction amongst non-Muslims. However, only cursory reference has been made in academic studies to the role played by urban planning in framing this contestation. Taking three mosque proposals in Birmingham as case studies, this paper assessesthe extent to which urban planning processes condense and mediate the relations between social groups. In addition, the paper explores the changing emphases of the City Council’s planning policies relating to places of worship, as these have shifted from restriction to multicultural ‘celebration’" Read more.

Kong, Lily, "The Sacred and the Secular: Exploring Contemporary Meanbings and Values for Religious Buildings in Singapore" (1992)
Published in Southeast Asian Journal of Social Science (1992) Vol. 20, No. 1, 18-42. Download.

Pedersen, Birthe B., "Minaret-debat er billede på vestlig identitetskrise" (Kristeligt Dagblad 15. dec. 2009)
Debatten om minareter og kors er en debat om religionens plads i det offentlige rum og om forholdet mellem sekularisering og tro. Read more.

 

 

Special Themes - Særlige temaer

Debatten om minareter i Europa
Udgangspunktet er debatten og afstemningen i Scweiz, en debat, som nu også føres i en række andre lande. Read more.

Christian Religious Buildings in Turkey
According to the constitution Turkey has freedom of religion, and acc. to the building code from 2003 it is in principle now possible for Christians to build churches. Still, however, it is if not impossible, so very difficult for Christians to build churches in Turkey. Read more.

 

Conferences

Studiedag om "Religiøse bygninger i det offentlige rum" 29. oktober 2010 i København.
Studiedag om "Religiøse bygninger i det offentlige rum - formål, funktion, kriterier og symbolsk betydning" arrangeret af Kristent Muslimsk Samtaleforum. Read more.

 

Links

Institute for Studies in Sacred Architecture
The purpose of the Institute for Studies in Sacred Architecture (ISSA), which is located in Phoenix, US, is to promote the scholarly study of sacred architecture in an interdisciplinary, ecumenical, and interfaith forum. Read more.

Islam i Afrika

 

Generelt

 

Kerr, David, One hundred years of Christian-Muslim relations:with reference to the challenge of theological education in Africa. 2003. Download.

PROCMURA - 50 years celebration
Download

PROCMURA

Pew Foundation, Tolerance and Tension, Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa. 2010
Download.

 

Kenya

Gumo Sussy et. al. "Religion and Politics in the Contemporary Kenya"
Download.

Kamaara, Eurnice K, "Religions and Emerging Religious Movements in Kenya"
Download.

 

Tanzania

Chingole, Andrew S., Thr Growing Islamic Fundamentalism in Tanzania: Are the Growing Religious Tensions Ripping Tanzania Apart? 2013
Download.

Glickman, Harcey, "The Threatof Islamism in Sub-saharan Africa: The Case of Tanzania". 2013
Download.

Heilman, Bruce & Paul I. Kaiser, "Religion, Identiy and Politics in Tanzania". Third World Quarterly 23:2, 2002, pp. 691-707.
Download.

Lodhi, Abdulazziz Y, "Muslims in Easter Africa - Their Past and Present". Nordic Journal of African Studies 3(1): 88–98 (1994)
Download.

Tanner, Nadine, Islam and Chrisrianity in Tanzania. The Relationship between Religious Minorites of Muslims and Christians. 2012.
Download.

 

 

Offline litterature

An Na’im, A. A. (ed) (1999): Proselytization and Communal Self Determination in Africa, Orbis Books.

Clinton, B. (2008): Understanding ChristianMuslim Relations: Past and Present Continuum.

Griswold, E (2010): The Tenth Parallel: Dispatches from the Fault line between Christianity and Islam, Farar, Straus and Giroux

Hock, K (ed) (2004): The Interface between Research and Dialogue: Christian Muslim Relations in Africa, Lit Verlag

Loimeier, R (2007): “Perceptions of Marginalization: Muslims in Contemporary Tanzania”, in Soares, B & Otayek, R (eds): Islam and Muslim Politics in Africa, Palgrave

Rasmussen, L. (1993): Christian - Muslim Relations in Africa: The Cases of Northern Nigeria and Tanzania Compared. British Academic Press

Robinson, D. (2004), Muslim Societies in African History. New Approaches to African History, Cambridge University Press.

Siddiqui, A. (1997): Christian-Muslim Dialogue in the Twentieth Century, Macmillan Press

Soares B. (red.): Muslim-Christian Encounters in Africa, Brill

 

 

Islam og kristen-muslimske relationer i Holland
Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations in the Netherlands

Introduktion / Intro in Danish

I Holland er der ca. 1 mio. muslimer, som udgør 5,8 % af befolkningen. 75 % af muslimerne er af marokkansk og tyrkisk oprindelse.Over 90 % af muslimerne har en ikke-vestlig baggrund. 54 % af de ikke vestlige fremmede, der bor i Holland er muslimer. I 2004 var 38 % af muslimerne anden-generationsindvandrere. I Storamsterdam er 13 % af vefolkningen muslimer, i den Haag 11 %.

De første muslimer kom til Holland fra Hollands Ostindien, der i dag hedder Indonesien og er verdens folkerigeste muslimske stat, i forbindelse med den blodige uafhængighedskrig 1945-49. Et langt større antal muslimer kom til Holland især fra Marokko og Tyrkiet som arbejdsmigranter i 60'erne og 70'erne, og i forbindelse med familiesammenføringer i de efterfølgende år. I forbindelse med Surinames uafhængighed i 1975 kom mange tursinde muslimer til Holland fra Suriname. I 80'erne og 90'erne kom mange muslimer til Holland som flygtninge fra bla. Bosnien, Pakistan, Somalia, Irak og Iran.

Islam har været et vigtigt tema i hollandsk politik. Pim Fortuyn, der dannede sit eget parti, repræsenterede en stærkt anti-muslimsk populistisk politik, blev myrdet af en hollænder (der ikke var muslim) den 6. maj 2002.

Forholdet mellem muslimer og ikke muslimer i Holland blev stærkt påvirket af den marokkansk-hollandske muslimske terrorist Mohammed Bouyeris mord på filminstruktøren Theo van Gogh den 2. november 2004.

Ayaan Hirsi Ali, der er flygtning fra Somalia og en stærk kritiker af islam, blev i 2003 valgt ind i det hollandske parlament. Hun medvirkede i Theo Van Goghs stærk islam-kritisk film "Submission" og pådrog sig mange muslimers vrede. Efter flere dødstrusler emigrerede hun til USA.

Geert Wilders, der i 2004 dannede sit eget Frihedsparti, offentliggjorde i 2008 filmen "Fitna" om islam i Holland, der både nationaltog  internationalt gjorde Wilders til en kontroversiel figur, men dog ikke førte til uroligheder i Holland. Geert Wilders er fortaler for, at Koranen skal forbydes, at kvinder, der bærer slør skal beskattes særskilt, at der skal være forbud mod byggeri af moskeer, og at indvandring fra muslimske lande skal standses.

 

On-line litterature

Demant, Froukje; Maussen, Marcel; Rath, Jan, Muslims in the EU - Cities Report - The Netherlands. Preliminary Research Report and Literature Survey (EUMAP, 2007)
Download.

Factbook: The Position of Muslims in The Netherlands: Facts and Figures. 2010
Download
.

Islam in the Netherlands

Download.

Landman, Nico, "Too much Islam? Challenges to the Dutch model"
In his conclusion Landman, prof. of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Utrecht writes that, "More than in most European countries, in the Netherlands the rise of international Islamist terrorism led to a dramatic shift in public opinion and in the political discourse on Islam and its place in society. That was because the terrorist surge boosted an already present tendency to challenge the multiculturalist establishment in the larger cities. The good news, however, is that social, cultural and religious conflicts can now be discussed more openly, and social problems in ethnic communities are no longer avoided as being too sensitive or out of political correctness. On the other hand, there is a serious danger of alienating Muslim communities, of polarisation, of a negative spiral in which Islamophobia provokes Islamic radicalism, and Islamic radicalism provokes Islamophobia. If the 1980s and 1990s were characterised by an over-optimistic and naive approach to cultural diversity and a lack of attention to the difficulties that go with it, in the post–Pim Fortuyn era the Netherlands is proving far from able to cope with this diversity. It is now the task of responsible politicians and opinion leaders to avoid and prevent the chain of reactions which can only alienate large groups of Muslims from the rest of society." Download.


"Religion: a Source for Human Rights and Development"
(2006)
Report from a joint conference organized by ICCO, Cordaid and ISS in Soesterberg in September 2005. Download.

European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, Third Report on the Netherlands (2008)
Download

Veldhuis, Tinka & Edwin Bakker, "Muslims in the Netherlands: Tensions and Violent Conflict" (2009)
Chapter 5 in the book: Ethno-religious Conflict in Europe. Typlogies of Radicalisation in Europes Muslimcommunities. Ed. by Michael Emerson. Published by The Centre for Politicy Studies (CEPS) in Brussels 2009 (Download all the book). "This chapter examines the question of what types of incidents and developments had occurred in the Netherlands that led to potentially violent tensions and conflicts in which Muslims were involved. The authors elaborate on radicalization and on tensions and violent conflicts within and between social groups. They then give an overview of radicalization and tensions and violent conflicts involving Muslim communities in the Netherlands and conclude by discussing the Dutch situation in the perspective of global trends." Download.

 

Interfaith Documents

Declaration of Peace
Download .

Dutch leaders of religions will vote
Download .

Open letter Gaza
Download

Noah righteous and responsible
Download .

Declaration of churches an Muslim organisations
Download .

 

Links to Interfaith Organisations etc.

Evangelie & Moslims
"Gospel & Muslims is an interdenominational foundation for witness and service among Muslims in the Netherlands. A movement of Christians who want to build respectful relationships with Muslim and other medel in words and deeds to show that Jesus Christ is worthy to be worshiped and served as Savior and Lord.."   Visit

ICCO (Interchurch Organisation for Development Cooperation
ICCO gives "global financial support and advice to local organisations and networks that work for better access to basic facilities, initiating sustainable economical development and enhancing peace and democracy. We also bring together enterprising people in the Netherlands and in developing countries. We work together closely with civil society organisations, including development organisations, educational organisations and businesses. In this way, we seek to improve living conditions for people in Latin America, Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe and help them be economically independent. .. .To build on our strengths, we formed the ICCO alliance together with Edukans, Kerk in Actie, Oikocredit, Prisma, Share People. In addition, we collaborate with several other partners in the Netherlands, Europe and worldwide. In the Netherlands, we set up campaigns together." Visit.

Interreligius Beraad
    Visit.

Kerk in Actie
"Kerk in Actie is the programme for missionary and diaconal work of the Protestant Church in the Netherlands and of 10 smaller churches and ecumenical organisations. The name Kerk in Actie means: Church (Kerk) in Action (actie). We want to emphasize that the local church-communities are actively participating in missionary and diaconal work. Kerk in Actie facilitates relations between local congregations in the Netherlands and churches and organisations abroad regarding the proclamation of the Gospel and promotion of justice. Kerk in Actie co-operates with almost thousand partner churches and organisations in more than 60 countries of Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, Asia and Eastern Europe." Kerk in Actie is also involved in dialogue between religions in the Netherlands.
Visit.

Platform Levensbeschouwelijke en religieuze organisaties in Rotterdam
Platformen L & R er en gruppering af filosofiske og religiøse organisationer i Rotterdam, der ønsker at give et løft til en bys netværk, hvor hver bidragyder anses som en hollænder. Visit.

RORAVOLERE
Rotterdams Råd for Livsanskulerer og Religioner (De Rotterdamse Raad voor Levensbeschouwingen en Religies) Visit.

 

Islam i forskellige dele af verden og islamiske organisationer

 

Islam har ca. 1.2 mia tilhængere fordelt på alle kontinenter og de fleste af verdens lande. På denne side linkes der til undersider om islam i forskellige dele af verden

 

Inden for islam findes der en lang række internationale, regionale og nationale organisationer. På denne side linkes der til undersider om nogle af disse organisationer.

Islam i Europa

I Vesturopa er der ca. 15 mio muslimer, heraf 5.5 mio i Frankrig 3,2 mio i Tyskalnad, 1,5 mio. i Storbritannien og 1 mio i Italien.

 

Allievi, Stefano, Conflicts over Mosques in Europe. Policy Issues and Trends (2009)
This research report begins by defining what is a mosque and goes on to analyse the elements the conflicts around mosques and the actors in the conflicst and ends by looking at the lessons from the conflicts. In his conclusion Allievi states that the conflicts about Islam reflects the profound changes taking place not only in but also of society. "The problem of islam ... is actually a problem of plurality and of pluralization as a process, which will have an impact on the very concept of the nation-state and its relationship with one ore more religions present withinits borders." This pluralization "has now reached a level that will produce a qualitative as well as quantitative change". Download.

BBC, "Muslims in Europe"
Download

Buijs, Frank J. & Jan Rath, "Muslims in Europe: The State of Research"
A 48 pages working paper presented to IMISCOE with a substantial list of litterature.Download.

The Open Society Institute, Muslims in Europe: A Report on 11 EU Cities.
The book contains a "comparative analysis of data from 11 cities in seven European countries. It points out common trends and offers recommendations at the local, national, and international levels, including to the European Union and to international organizations. While not representative of the situation of all Muslims in these cities, this report does capture a snapshot of the experiences of Muslim communities in select neighborhoods in Amsterdam and Rotterdam, Antwerp, Berlin and Hamburg, Copenhagen, Leicester and Waltham Forest–London, Marseille and Paris, and Stockholm." Download.

 

Leirvik, Oddbjørn, "Muslims in Norway: Value Discourses and Interreligious Dialogue".Tidsskrift for Islamforskning, The Nordic Welfare State, Vol. 8, Issue 1, 2014 pp. 137-161.
This article discusses value discourses among Muslims in Norway in the light of political frameworks and public debates. It particularly analyses Norwegian Muslims’ relation to values associated with the welfare state and gender equality,and the role of interreligious dialogue in Norwegian society. Among the findings are, that while generational changes contribute to some young Norwegian Muslims’ identification with institutionalized Norwegian values and practices related to dialogue and gender, others choose to identify with strongly conservative values, not least concerning gender; and others again, although very few, identify with Islamic political extremism. Download.

 

 

 

Links

Islam in Westeurope - Islam in Westen Europa
Samling af links. Download.

 

 

 

Kristen religionsteologi om islam

Hvordan kan man fra et kristent teologisk synspunkt anskue islam? Gennem historien og aktuelt har der været en række forskellige tilgange til dette spørgsmål?

Holm, Katrine Winkel og Thomas Reinholdt Rasmussen, "Vi tror ikke på den samme Gud" (2006)
Kronik i Kristeligt Dagblad 15.maj 2006, som blev startskuddet til dannelsen af "Islamkritisk Netværk i Folkekirken". Download.

Siddiqui, Ataullah, "The Changing Perception of Islam: Christian Theology and Theologians"
Siddiqui, som er muslimsk teolog og leder af et muslimsk undervisnings- og forskningscenter i Leicester, giver hen en meget oplysende og indsigtsfuld oversigt over forskellige kristne positioner mht. forholdet mellem kristendom og islam. Download.

Relationer mellem kristne og muslimer

Gennem historien og aktuelt har der været mange forskellige relationer mellem muslimer og kristne, som fx.

  • Dialog og samarbejde
  • Mission og Dawa
  • Konflikter
  • Hellig krig

 

Smith, Jane
2015      "Muslim-Christian Relations: Historical and Contemporary Realities".

 

Kristen-muslimske relationer i Afrika

Tolerance and Tension: Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa.
2010    Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life. Download. Religion. Oxford Research Encyclopedia. Download.

 

Islamtolkninger

En PEW undersøgelse fra 2012 viser, at flertallet af muslimer i 32 ud af 39 undersøgte lande var af den overbevisning, at der kun er én sand tolkning af islam. Ikke destomindre er det et faktum, at islam historisk og aktuelt har været tolket meget forskelligt og optræder i forskellige retninger og bevægelser.

De to vigtigste hovedretninger er sunni-islam, der omfatter omkring 80-85 % af alle muslimer, og shi'a-islam, der omfatter 10-15 %. På denne side omtales en række aktuelle islamtolkniger - som ofte går på tværs af sunni/shi'a skellet, bl.a.

  • sufisme, der repræsenterer islams mystiske gren
  • moderne islamtolkninger, liberal tolkninger af islam, europæisk islam mv.
  • muslimsk nyåndelighed
  • islamisme, som er en politisk orienteret tolkning af islam
  • salafisme, reaktionære bevægelser som fx wahhabisme
  • Ekstremistisk islam, som fx terroristiske bevægelser

Se undermenupunkter under islamtolkninger i menuspalten tv.

 

Litteratur

Hastings Donnan and Martin Stokes, "Interpreting Interpretations of Islam". Download.

Relgionsteologi - Theology of Religions

Siden er under opbygning

 

Online litterature

Chan, Mark L. Y., "Sowing Subversion in the Field of Relativism" (2010)
A number of missiologists have responded to this paper in the context of the Lausanne Cape Town Conference. Download.

 

 

Kristne religionsteologier om islam

Francisco, Adam S., "Luther, Lutheranism, and Islam". Concordia Theologcial Quaterly, 71, 3-4, 2007
Download.

Lausten, Martin Schwarz, "Interreligiøse relationer i Danmark i ældre tid". Magasin om Religionsmøde 5. august 2014. Download.

Sinn, Simone, "Lutherske resurser i religionsdialogen af Simone Sinn". Magasin om Religionsmøde 5. august 2014. Download.

Leirvik, Odbjørn, Luthersk teologi i møte med andre religionar af Oddbjørn Leirvik. Magasin om Religionsmøde 5. august 2014. Download.

 

 

Islamiske religionsteologier om kristendom

Artikler om dialog af M. S. Mogensen

 


2007  "Mellem mission og dialog".
Artikel i Berit Schelde Christensen, Viggo Mortensen & Lars Buch Viftrup  (red.), Karma, koran og kirke. Religiøs mangfoldighed som en folkekirkelig udfordring. Århus: Forlaget Univers. S. 111-118. Download.

2007 "Dialog er en diakonal opgave"
"Ligesom demokrati er dialog HGH et plus-ord, som ingen kan være imod. Problemet er blot, at mens demokrati i politisk tænkning har et ret præcist indhold, så bruges dialog i teologisk sammenhæng ofte på uklare og tvivlsomme måder."  Læs mere.

2002 "Vejen mellem dialog og mission"
Kronik i Kristeligt Dagblad, den 10. dec. 2002. Download.

Islamisme og radikalisering af muslimerislamism-in-the-shadow

 

 

 

 

Islamisme er ikke en men mange forskellige bevægelser. Det regerende Retfærdighedsparti i Tyrkiet hører til den moderate udgave af islamisme. Mere radikale er grupper som Det Muslimske Broderskab i Egypen, Jamaat-e-Islami i Pakistan og det sudanesiske broderskab. Mest radikale er grupper som  al-Qaeda og det egyptiske Islamic Jihad. For de islamister spiller shari'a ofte en central rolle. Salafi-bevægelsen eller Wahabi bevægelsen fokuserer på fundamentalistisk vis på at bevare eller vende tilbage til traditionen (de første generationer efter Muhammed), mens fx. Det Muslimske Broderskab repræsenterer en et ønske om en udvikling af samfundet efter islamisk inspiration. Nogle islamister arbejder inden for demokratiske systemer, andre fornægter demokratiet helt og fuldt. - Blandt de mest kendte og indflydelsesrige islamistiske ledere er Hassan al-Banna, Mawdudi, Sayyid Qutb.

 

Definition af islamisme

Forståelsen af, hvad islamisme egentlig er, og hvordan islamisme skal defineres varierer meget. Fælles for alle definitionerne er dog, at islamisme betoner islams politiske dimension. S. Berman definerer islamisme som "the belief that Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life”, mens Mehdi Mozaffari går langt videre når han definerer islamisme som "a religious ideology with a totalitarian interpretation of Islam whose final aim is the conquest of the world by all means."


Boubekeur, Amel, "Political Islam in Europe"
"This presentation of the European landscape of political Islam does not aim to be exhaustive. We will concentrate on those movements that are the most active in the political sphere and whose political evolution is the most significant, such as the Islamists in exile from the Muslim world, the UIOE (Union of Islamic Organisations of Europe), the Muslim Brotherhood, the Milli Görüs and political Sufism such as the Participation and Muslim Spirituality movement or the Ahbash. Finally, we will also look at missionary and predicative movements such as the Tabligh and Salafism." Download.

Lenti, Camilla, "Hvad er islamisme" (Religion.dk 17. april 2009)
Download.

Mozaffari, Mehdi, "What is Islamism? History and Definition of a Concept" (2009)
Download

Mozaffari, Mehdi, "Clarification of the Terms of "Islam", "Islamism" and "Islamophobia" (2009)
Paper presented at Hearing on Islam, Islamism and Islamophobia in Europe, Copenhagen, Tuesday, 8 September 2009, Council of Europe: Folketinget, “Landstinget.”. Download

 

Islamisme i Danmark

Hemmingsen, Ann-Sophie, "Antidemokratiske og voldsfremmende miljøer i Danmark, som bekender sig islamistisk ideologi. Hvad ved vi?" (DIIS, 2012)
"Denne rapport tilvejebringer en indledende status over, hvad forskningen indtil nu har dokumenteret om anti-demokratiske og voldsfremmende miljøer i Danmark, som bekender sig til islamistiske ideologier .. Forskningen indikerer, at der gennem flere år har eksisteret et egentligt voldsfremmende miljø i Københavnsområdet, som flere terrorsager har haft kontakt til. ... I Danmark eksisterer der i dag også flere forskellige typer anti-demokratiske miljøer, som bekender sig til islamistiske ideologier. Disse miljøer deler i høj grad ideologisk baggrund, mærkesager og fjender både med hinanden og med voldsfremmende mil- jøer, men de er uenige om eksempelvis hvor og hvornår en islamisk stat skal indføres, hvem der har autoritet, og ikke mindst, hvilke midler der kan og må anvendes. Derfor opstår der somme tider konflikter mellem dem."

Modstandskraft mod radikalisering og voldelig ekstremisme. Et eksplorativt studie af modstandskraft i udvalgte danske lokalmiljøer (Trygfonden)
Download.

Kjeldtoft, Sebastian Stryhn, "Islamisterne i Danmark". Information, den 6. oktober 2014.
Artiklen giver en oversigt over de organisationer og grupper, som kan karakteriseres som islamistiske. Download.

Kühle, Lene & Lasse Lindekilde, Radicalization of Young Muslims in Aarhus (2010)
Bogen er den første rapport fra Center for forskning i Islamisme og Radikalisering v. Århus Universitet. Rapporten bygger på 39 interviews and deltagerobservation i et radikalt islamisk miljø i Århus. download.

Rezaei, Shamak og Marco Goli, "House of War. Islamic Radicalization in Denmark" (2009)
Undersøgelsen viser, at 17,8 % af de interviewede unge ikke direkte størrer men sympasierer med den radikale islamisme, mens 5,6 % direkte støtter den. Undersøgelsen er finansieret af Center for Forskning i Islamisme og Radikaliseringsprocesser ved Aarhus Universitet og bygger på interview med 1113 muslimer mellem 15 og 30 år og med 12 forskellige nationale oprindelser.

Forskningsprojekter om islamisme og radikalisering af muslimer

Center for Forskning i Islamisme og radikaliseringsprocesser, Århus Universitet.
Centret, der er etableret ved Institut for Statskundskab ved Aarhus Universitet, er en uafhængig forskningsinstitution oprettet af Forsvarsministeriet på baggrund af en finanslovsbevilling på 10 millioner kr. over en 3-årig periode. Centret har forskningsmæssigt fokus på de tre søjler: radikalisering, ideologier og internationale konsekvenser af islamisme. Se præsentation af center.

DIIS konferencerapport, Diskursen om radikalisering
En rapport om konferencen om radikalsieringsbregrebet den 16.-17. november 2009 på Dansk Institut for Internationale Studier i samarbejde med afdelinger på universiterne i København og Århus er blevet offentliggjort. Blandt oplægsholderne var Mark Sedgwick og Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen. En af konklusionerne på konferencen var, at radikaliseringsbegrebet betyder noget forskelligt i forskellige afhængigt af hvilken dagsorden det indgår i. Download .

 

 

 

Online litteratur

Aagaard, Charlotte, "Fjendebillederne passer ikke længere" (Information, den 8. september 2011)
Artikel om den fransk islam-ekspert Olivier Roys analyse af udviklingen siden 9/11, specielt om islamisme. Download

Bredsdorff, Niels, Islamisme, shari'a og ret. Undersøgelser af forholdet mellem politisk islam og menneskerettigheder (Roskilde 2007)
Download.

Mansur, Salim, "Islam and Islamism" (Gatestone Institute, International Policy Council, July 23, 2013)
"The simple fact is that Islam and Islamism are not one and the same. Islamism as a totalitarian ideology is a perversion of Islam: Muslims are engaged in a historic struggle, just as once Christians were, in striving to reconcile revelation and reason; in separating religion from politics; in acknowledging the place of philosophy and science in the making of the modern world; in coming to terms with the imperatives of democracy and individual rights, and protecting freedom of religion and freedom of conscience equally for everyone irrespective of their belief, ethnicity, or gender. What is at play is the not-so-pleasant, complex reality of reform: of the historic transition of Muslim societies and cultures, from pre-modern into the modern world. It is a reminder for those who have forgotten, or never learned, how bitterly fought was Christendom's transition, stretched out over several centuries." Download.

Mozaffari, Mehdi, Islamisme. En orientalsk totalitarisme (Informations Forlag, 2013)

Roy, Olivier, "Fjendebillederne passer ikke længere" (Information, den 8. september 2011)
Olivier Roy er islamforsker, professor ved Firenze Universitet og forskningschef ved det franske nationale forskningscenter, CNRS. "I 10 år har Osama bin Laden styret vores verdensbillede, men nu er det slut. Europas førende islamforsker Olivier Roy er overbevist om, at en ny æra er på vej, hvor vi vil indse, at vi siden 2001 har taget fejl på stort set alle punkter: krigen mod terror, frygten for islamismen og ideen om Europas fejlslagne integration." Download.

Roy, Olivier, "Frygt ikke Den Arabiske Vinter" (Information, den 25. februar 2012)
"Det Arabiske Forår var i modsætning til revolutionen i Iran ikke religiøst inspireret. De islamistiske valgsejre i Tunesien og Egypten indvarsler ikke en islamistisk kontrarevolution – demokratiseringen er irreversibel, skriver mellemøstkenderen og islamforskeren Olivier Roy"."Opfattelsen af, at integrationen er slået fejl, har været så stærk, at vi fuldstændig har overset det faktum, at integrationen faktisk virker. Overalt i Europa ser vi i disse år en muslimsk middelklasse vokse frem, som bestemt ikke udgør nogen trussel,"siger Olivier Roy.  Download.

Roy, Olivier, "Myten om den islamistiske vinter" (Information, den 4. januar 2013)
Det arabiske forår er, if. den franske islamisme forkser Olivier Roy, ikke ved at blive afløst af en islamistisk vinter, men i lande som Egypten og Tunis er man ved at lære at blive demokrater. Download. Den originale artikel "The Myth of the Islamis Winter" i The New Statesman, den 13. december 2012 findes her.

Skovgaard-Petersen, Jakob, "Fifty shades of green" (Academia, 2015)
En grundig analyse af det mangfoldige fænomen, islamisme. Download.

Conference on "Religion in the Public Sphere" in Aarhgus May 2008


International Conference at the Faculty of Theology, University of Aarhus May 14 - 16 2008.
See program of conference  here.

The conference in the press:
Kristeligt Dagblad 15/05/08: "Habermas:  Vi skal tolerere det vi afviser"
Blog by M. S. Mogensen: "Religion i det offentlige rum"

Professor Jürgen Habermas, "A "post-secular" society - what does that mean?
The thesis about modernization and secularization is based upon:

  • Procgress in science and technology
  • Differentiation of social substems
  • Greater welfare in post-industrial societies.

Religion, however,

did not disappear, but we saw an resurgence of religion:

  • Advance of conservative religious groups
  • Fundamentalism
  • Political unleashing of potential for violence in religion

religion_in_public_sphere_p.gifPost-secular societies are societies which have undergone structural secularization, but where religions still play a significant role. The public consciousness of "post-secular societies" is influenced by:

  • global conflict hinging on religious strife
  • Growing influnce of religion in national public spheres
  • Immigration - visible and vibrant religious immigrant communities

We are moving from an uneasy modus vivendi to a balance between shared citizenship and cultural difference. Tolerance is not only a question of legislation but of practice in everyday life.

We witness a "Kulturkampf" between radical multiculturalism and militant secularism: Defence of cultural identities versus inclusion of minorities in existing political framework.

What we need in a "post-secular society" are complementary leaning processes betwen religious and secular mentalities. Learning processes both on the religious and the secular side. "Secular citizens are expected not to exclude a fortiori that they may discover even in religious utterances semantic contents and overt personal intuitions that can be translated and introduced into a secular discourse".

See an article in German on the same topic: "Die Dialektik der Säkularisierung".


Grace Davie, ”New Patterns of Religion in Europe”
In her lecture Grace Davie emphasized that to understand the religious scene in Europe in the 21. century we have to remember the legacies of the of the past, in particular the role of the historic churches in shaping European cultures. Europe was formed as an amalgam of Judeo-Christian monotheism, Greek rationalism and Roman organization. The enduring power of the Christian heritage is seen in the way we still order time and space in Europe.

In spite of the ongoing secularization churches have not lost their significance as markers of religious identity. Davie here focused on her concept of vicarious religion, by which she means “the notion of religion performed by an active minority but on behalf of a much larger number, who (implicitly at least) not only understand, but, quite clearly, approve of what the minority is doing.” Among other things this involves that churches offer space for debate regarding particular and often controversial topics that are difficult to address elsewhere in society. The concept of vicarious religion helps us to understand how religious institutions matter even to those who are not “participating” in them in the conventional sense of the term. Vicarious religion, however, is not found in the US.
Davie furthermore observed that the nature of churchgoing is changing in modern Europe – from a culture of obligation or duty to a culture of consumption or choice. This development is compatible with the concept of vicarious religion. “The churches need to be there in order that I may attend them if I so chose.” Davie found that two type of churches are thriving in terms of churchgoers,i.e., conservative evangelical churches and cathedrals or city-center churches. The common feature of the two is the experiential or “feel-good” factor whether this be expressed in charismatic worship or in the tranquillity of cathedral evensong. The point is that wee feel something, we experience the sacred, the set apart. The purely cerebral is less appealing.
The final factor in the complicated mosaic of religion in Europe in the 21st century is the new arrivals, the growing number of immigrants in almost all European societies. One of the major effects of this for the religious life in Europe is the growing presence of other faith communities in general and of the Muslim population in particular. Their presence is challenging some deeply held European assumptions, in particular the notion that faith is a private matter and should, therefore, be proscribed from public life. This has reopened the debate of religion in the public sphere.
In conclusion Davie noted that the religious situation in Europe will remain distinctive (if not exceptional) given the legacies of the past, but it will now remain static. How the situation will change is difficult to predict. Davie, however, thinks that vicarious religion will endure at least until the mdi-century, but not for much longer. She knows that the presence of Isdlam is a crucal factor that we ignore at our peril. Not only does it offer an additional choice, but it has become a catalyst of a much more profound change in the religious landscape of Europe. Finally, she concludes that the importance of religion in the private as well as public sphere will not decrease but rather increase. This tendency is encouraged by the ver more obvious presence of religion in the modern world order. In this respect, the world is more likely to influence the religious life of Europe than the other way round.
Photos from conference

Undersøgelser om islam og muslimer

Islam og muslimer er omgærdet med mange myter. Her fremlægges videnskabelige rapporter og undersøgelser om islam og muslimer.


Beyond Multiculturalism vs. Assimilation
UA survey of the attitudes of Muslims in London to the English society, to terrorism etc. compared to those of other citizens in London. here.

Bonde, Bent Nørby, "How 12 Cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed were Brought to Trigger an International Conflict" (2007)
The article analyses why the religious protests in Denmark generated the astonishing international reactions and concludes that a very hostile rhetoric against Muslims in Denmark and montaining international tensions were important pre-disposing causes for the conflict. The articles also points to several options to de-escalate the coflict which were not used by the government. Finally, it suggests lessons to be learned in similar cross-cultural crises in Europe. Download.

Brierly, Peter, "Muslim Growth in the United Kingdom and Worldwide"

På verdensplan vokser antallet af muslimer med 1,9 % og antallet af kristne med 1,3 %. I dag er der 1,3 mia muslimer og 2,2 mia kristne. Artikel af Peter Brierly om udviklingstendenser i islam sammenlignet med kristendommen. Download.

Bujis, Frank J. & Jan Rath, "Muslims in Europe: The State of Research"
The article brings together very useful information (from 2002) on the facts and figures of Muslims in Europa, the development of scientific research on Muslims in Europe. It looks at Islam as a religion and the interactions between Muslims and non-Muslims. I concludes with a very long bibliography. Download.

Goli, Marco & Shahamak Rezaei, "House of War. Islamic Radicalization in Denmark" (2009)
En ny undersøgelse foretaget af Shahamak Rezaei og Marco Goli om islamisk radikalisering i Danmark, "House of War. Islamic Radicalization in Denmark", viser, at 17,8 % af de interviewede unge ikke direkte størrer men sympasierer med den radikale islamisme, mens 5,6 % direkte støtter den. Undersøgelsen er finansieret af Center for Forskning i Islamisme og Radikaliseringsprocesser ved Aarhus Universitet og bygger på interview med 1113 muslimer mellem 15 og 30 år og med 12 forskellige nationale oprindelser. Forlaget skriver bl.a., at "Blandt rapportens mange overraskende konklusioner er, at den Radikal-islamiske verdens- og menneskeopfattelse, som vækstgrundlag for inddelingen af verden i Os og De andre,deles af en ganske anselig andel af den unge muslimske population i Danmark, dette uanset en lang række socioøkonomiske forhold herunder statsborgerskab, føde- og opvækstland, uddannelse, indkomst og integration m.m.".

Kühle, Lene,  & Lasse Lindekilde, Radicalization among young Muslims in Aarhus (2010)
Download.

Nielsen, Jørgen S. (ed.),"Yearbook of Muslims in Europe" (2009)
En stribe europæiske islamforskere, blandt dem danske Jørgen S. Nielsen,der er chefredaktør på bogen, har netop udgivet første udgave af årbogen ". Bogen indeholder oplysninger om muslimer i 37 europæiske lande. En af bogens oplysninger er, at muslimerne i dag udgør mellem 3 og 3,3 % af befolkningen i Europa. Årbogen beretter om forholdet mellem islam og staten i hver af landene, om spørgsmål om moskeer, begravelsesplaser, ligesom landets lovgivning relateret til muslimer behandles. Læs om bogen her.

Suleiman, Yasir (ed.), Contextualizing Islam in Britain (2009)
Middle East Online writes October 21 about a report that seeks to explain how Islam can be faithfully understood as compatible with secular state. "This month saw the launch of a report authored by a theologically diverse group of leading British Muslims entitled "Contextualising Islam in Britain". The scholars and practitioners who contributed to the report, published by Cambridge University, sought to answer a deceptively simple question: What does it mean to live faithfully as a Muslim in Britain today?"

The Open Society Institute, "Muslims in Europe. A Report on 11 EU Cities" (2009)
The Open Society The report contains the comparative analysis of data from 11 cities in seven European countries. Amsterdam and Rotterdam, Antwerp, Berlin and Hamburg, Copenhagen, Leicester and Waltham Forest–London, Marseille and Paris, and Stockholm It points out common trends and offers recommendations at the local, national, and international levels. Download See also article in "Politiken" Dec. 16, on the report.

The Open Society Institute, "Muslims in EU Cities: Background Research Reports" (2007)
The report is based on a comprehensive review of the existing literature on Muslims in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, and United Kingdom. Download.

The Pew Foundation, The World's Muslims: Religion, Politics and Society (2013)
Download.

 

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Martin Robbins, "Smearing Muslms through Opinion Polls" (Blog 4/5/2009)
"If you are confronted by an opinion poll in the press, here are the four basic questions you should ask.1) Where is the control? Am I seeing the full picture? If the poll is talking about the attitudes of one group, or was conducted in one time frame, do we know what the results of other groups or other time frames are?2) What is actually being asked? Does the reported conclusion match the question? Does the wording in the press release match the wording in the poll?3) Is there a bias? How is it being asked? Are the questions loaded? Are the available answers adequate and unbiased? Who commissioned the poll, and what are their motives?4) Who is being asked? Is the survey sample representative of the general population?" Download.

 

Interreligious Cooperation on Climate Crisis

interfaithdeclaration

Declarations

The Uppsala Interfaith Climate Manifesto (November 2008)
Download.

Interfaith Declaration on Climate Change
Download.

Religious Traditions Call to Climate Action
The call is inspired by the Interfaith Declaration on Climate Change, and was further developed by the organizing committee of the Global Interfaith Gathering and Call to Action, 21 September 2009. Download.

The Christian-Muslim Youth Statement on Climate Change (2009)

Download.

 

Articles

Christian-Muslim Dialogue on Climate Change (June 2008)
With delegations from The National Association of Evangelicals and the Kingdom of Morocco, June 9, 2008 - The World Bank. Download.

Mogens S. Mogensen, "Basis for samarbejde mellem religionerne" (Religion.dk 7. nov. 2009)

"Under klima-topmødet i København vil der også blive et samarbejde mellem repræsentanter for forskellige religioner. F.eks. er pilgrimspræst Elisabeth Lidell engageret i projektet ”Beyond Borders – Climate Pilgrims CPH ´09”, der forsøger at engagere forskellige religioner i kampen for en klimaaftale. Det er muligt at pastor Sally Bingham fra den amerikanske ”Interfaith Power and Light” kampagne tog munden for fuld, da hun på konferencen i England udtalte, at religiøse ledere med deres prædikener på dette område vil have større indflydelse end videnskabsmænd og politikere. Men meget tyder på, at ledere fra mange forskellige religioner er begyndt at erkende deres ansvar for at bidrage til løsningen af klimakrisen. Det ser også ud til, at de forskellige religioner netop om dette vigtige spørgsmål vil kunne finde frem til et frugtbart samarbejde." Læs hele artiklen af Mogens S, Mogensen på Religion.dk. Download.

 

Websites

Interreligious Eco-Justice Network
A  Connecticut based network: "Our Mission is to engage people from every faith tradition in prayer, dialogue, education and advocacy in celebration of the sacredness of creation.We encourage faithful living that reflects a right relationship between humankind and the environment. Our Vision is to help religious communities reclaim their ancient traditions and live as faithful stewards of life. Our Programs include opportunities for practical action, education, prayer & celebration, and advocacy- for individuals and congregations.Interreligious Eco-Justice Network has over 500 allied congregations in CT." Read more.

The Christian-Muslim Youth Forum on Climate Change
Read more.

Fotos fra studiedag og konference for Kristent Muslimsk Samtaleforum 2. - 3. oktober 2009 i København

 

Besøg i Kocatepe Moskéen på Frederiksberg til fredagsbøn

Kocatepe-moske

 

Moske-kristne

 

Moske-tale

Moske-praediken

 

Debatarrangement i Vartov

Balci-Vatovforsamling

 

Vartov-panel

IngeliseP-Vartov

 

Konference in Hay Skolen

Konf-forsamling

 

PFM-konf

 

Kerim-Balci-speakingi

 

 

Daniel-Balci

 

 

KarstenNissen-taler

 

Gadegaard-AWP

 

Tolke

Arendt-taler

Kozon-imam

 

Leif-MM-Majid-Imam

 

rundbordssamtale

 

Majid-Ellen

 

 

 

Vartov-KMS

Kristen Muslimsk Samtaleforum - studiedag og konference - 2. - 3. oktober 2010 i København

 

Den 2. - 3. oktober 2009 samledes 41 biskopper, imamer, præster og andre muslimske og kristne ledere til den fjerde konference for kristne og muslimske ledere i Danmark. Konferencen fandt sted på den muslimske privatskole, Hay Skolen, i Sydvestkvarteret af  København og arrangeredes af Kristent Muslimsk Samtaleforum. Temaet for konferencen var "Sammen i Danmark - med forskelle og ligheder".Biskop Niels Henrik Arendt åbnede konference, og konferencens tema blev behandlet gennem to hovedforedrag ved hhv. biskop Peter Fischer-Møller og Kerim Balci, journalist ved Zaman-Today, Ankara, tidligere korrespondent for samme avis i Jerusalem og London, der vil give et globalt perspektiv på temaet.

Som noget nyt i år var konferencens første dag, fredag d. 2. okt., åben for alle interesserede, og var en studiedag med ca. 75 deltagere. Dagen begyndte i Kopatepe Moskeen på Frederiksberg med fredagsbøn på engelsk og efterfølgende samtale med imamen. Derefter afholdtes debatarrangement om religion og politik på Vartov. Her gav den tyrkiske journalist Kerim Balci et oplæg om forholdet mellem religion og stat og biskop Karsten Nissen og formand for Muslimernes Fællesråd Asmat Mojaddedi responderede. Dagen sluttede med festmiddag på Vartov og besøg i natkirken i Vor Frue Kirke.

Se program for studiedag og konference her.
Se liste over deltagere i konferencen her .
Læs pressemeddelelse fra konferencen her .
Læs rapport fra konferencen her.

 

Podcasts

Uddrag af khutba (prædiken) i Kocatep-moskeen på H C Ørstedsgade på Frederiksberg fredag den 2. oktober
Download.

Uddrag af foredrag af Kerim Balci om forholdet mellem religion og stat
Download.

Uddrag af foredrag af biskop Peter Fischer-Møller om "Sammen i Danmark - med ligheder og forskelle"
Download.

Udsendelse fra KatPod fra studiedagen og konferencen.
Download

 

Photos

Billedserie fra KMS studiedagen og konferencen-
Download.

 

Presseomtale

"Kristne og muslimer deltes om fredagsbønnen" (Kristeligt Dagblad, den 3. oktober)
Download.

Mogens S. Mogensen, "Sammen i Danmark - med ligheder og forskelle" (Religionblog 4. oktober)

Download.

"Kopenhag'da Dini Liderlerden Diyalog Çağrısı: Farklılıklara Rağmen Barış İçinde Birlikte Yaşayabiliriz" (Sondakiki.com 4. oktober)
Download.

"Kopenhag’da dini liderlerden diyalog çağrısı" (Samanyoluhaber.eu, 4. oktober)

Download.

MuhammedtegningerThe Cartoon Crisis - Muhammed-krisen

On September 30 2005, the national Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posted published 12 cartoons of prophet Muhammed, with the alleged intention of comabating self-censorship regaring criticism of Islam. One of the cartoons depicted Muhammed with a bomb in his turban. Danish Muslim organisations responded by holding peaceful protests. Soon the cartoons were also published by other newspapers in Denmark and in other partsof the world. This led to protests across the Muslim world, which cost the lives of more than 100 people. The Dabnish embassies in Damascus, Teheran and Beirut were attacked. Campaigns to stop Muslims from buying Danish prodics were initiated.This was the worst international crisis for Denmark since the second world war.

Muhammed-krisen version 2.0
Læs mere.

 

 

Articles and papers by Mogens S. Mogensen


"From Cartoon Crisis to Headscarf Row. Two Conflicts Changing Multireligious Denmark" (2008)
Book published Feruary 2008., Christiansfeld: Intercultural.dk. Read exerpt: Download.

Tolerance and the New Pluralism. Towards a Post-secular Society with Religions in the Public  Square.

Paper præsenteret på "Muslim Danish Dialogue Forum, The Search for Mutual Understanding" i Abu Dhabi  14. - 17. april 2006. Download.

The Role of Media in Portraying Events. Legal, Ethical and Theological Perspectives on Media and Communication.
Paper præsenteret på "Muslim Danish Dialogue Forum, The Search for Mutual Understanding" i Abu Dhabi  14. - 17. april. Download.

"The Danish Cartoon Crisis". In Lissi Rasmussen, red., Bridges instead of Walls.
Christian-Muslim Interaction in Denmark, Indonesia and Nigeria. 2007 Pp. 27-46.

 

Online litteratur

Högfeldt, Katarina & Åke Sander & Göran Larsson, Muhammed-karikatyrer och rondellhundar. Reaktioner, bakgrund och sammanhang (2008)
Download.

Kristeligt Dagblad - Tema: Muhammedkrisen

Download
.

Hansen, John & Kim Hundevadt, "The Cartoon Crisis - how It Unfulded" (2008)
A 7-pages long summary of the cartoon crisis presented by two of the reporters fromJyllands-Posten, published in Jyllands-Posten 11/03/08. Download.

The Cartoons in Jyllands-Posten
See the actual cartoons that started the whole crisis. Click here.

Wikipedia on the Cartoon Crisis
The Wikipedia encyclopedia has collected a lot of material on the cartoon crisis. Click here.

Press Release for Danish Lutheran Church: Freedom of Speech and Respect
"... freedom of speech does not exclude showing respect for the individual person’s religious faith. On the contrary the respect for the individual person is the presupposition for having freedom of speech in Denmark. With freedom of speech follows respect for others. At the same time as we have developed democratic rights of freedom, a process of secularisation has taken place and the familiarity with and the knowledge of Christianity has been weakened. In the public debate an understanding of what is sacred and what can offend the individual person of which faith he or she may be is often missing. To provoke or offend another person’s faith for the sake of provocation alone does not serve any purpose". Read more.

Abu Dhabi Dialogue Conference - "The Search for Mutual Understanding"
A group of young Danes and Muslims from the Middle East and other parts of the world met for a dialogue conference in the wake of the cartoon crisis in Abu Dhabi around Easter 2006. At the end of the conference a declaration was agreed upon. Read More.

"The Ground-breaking Cross-cultural Muslim-Danish Forum". Report from AME Info.
"Renowned Muslim scholar, Habib Ali Aljifri, Director of the Tabah Foundation, summed up the positive results of the Dialogue: 'By the grace of God, I believe that the forum achieved its primary objective, namely the building of bridges of understanding, as well as the ability to appreciate the feelings and sensitivities of the delegations." Read more.

'Publication of blasphemous cartoons has nothing to do with freedom of expression'
Article by Nada S. Mussallam in Khaleej Times Online ""The whole matter has nothing to do with freedom of expression. The decision to publish the cartoons has to be seen in the context of that country's struggle to come to terms with a modern reality, that of creating a robust society," said Fuad Nahdi, publisher of the London-based Q-News magazine." Read more.

"Landmark dialogue between Young Danes and Muslims begins"
Article in United Press International. ""This is an opportunity for genuine cultural, intellectual and spiritual exchange," said Tabah Foundation's Amienoella Abderoef."We are not here to gloss over the difficult issues. We want these young leaders and activists to deal with the most difficult and complex issues but in the spirit of mutual respect. We need to develop the values we share and work to resolving differences peacefully." Read more.

Conflicts about Islam - IKKE OPDATERET

Konflikter om islam

During the last 20-30 years an increasing number of conflicts around or with Muslims have occured in Denmark and many other courntries. These conflics have been covered extensively by the press and have played an important role in the political debate, both nationally and internationally.

 

The Cartoon Crisis - Muhamed-krisen

September 30 2005, Jyllands-Posten published 12 cartoons of prophet Muhammed. This led to the most serious international crisis for Denmark since World War 2 and soon turned into an international crisis. Read more

 

 

The Headscarf Row in Denmark - Tørklæde-debatten

 

 

 

Moderne islam-tolkningerIslamic-reform

På denne side præsenteres nytolkninger af islam i det 20. og 21. århundrede. Der vil blive fokuseret på moderne tolkninger af islam, som tager et opgør med fundamentalisme og islamisme.

 

Genrelt om reformbevægelsen

En af årsagerne til den islamiske reformbevægelse var, at England i 1882 besatte Egypten, der formelt hørte til Det Osmanniske Rige og i Indien efter indernes oprøret mod det Ostindiske Kompani overtog kontrollen med Indien. Det var netop i Egypten og Indien at de to første store reformatorer af Islam, nemlig Muhammed Abduh (d. 1905) og Sayyid Ah ad Khan (d. 1898). Reformbevægelse var en islamisk respons på den europæiske imperialisme og national-statsbevægelsen.

Reformbevægelsen appellerede til muslimerne om at gå til bage til islams grundtekster.

Reformbevægelsen var at appellere til europæiske udviklingsmodeller og så her en overensstemmelse mellem ånden i islams hellige tekster og moderne europæiske værdier og institutioner. Sayyid Jama al.-Din al-Afghani (1838-1897), der var en af de mest indflydelsesrige reformteologer og læremester for Abduh, skrev bl.a."I cannot keep from hoping that Muhammadan society will succeed someday in breaking its bonds and marching resolutely in the path of civilization after the manner of Western society". Et aspekt af den moderne vestlige civilisation, som modernistiske islamiske reformister var optaget af, var den protestantiske reformation. Abuh anbefalede derfor en ” reform and a return to the simplicities of the faith—a reformation which included elements by no means unlike Islam." Den sydøstasiatiske reformst Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) var af den opfattelse, at muslimer ”are today passing through a period similar to that of the Protestant revolution in Europe".

I midten af det 20. Århundrede splittedes reformbevægelsen i to retninger. En liberal bevægelse, som argumenterede ud fra islams kilder for vestlige værdier såsom demokrati, menneskerettigheder, kønnenes ligestilling. Et eksempel er iraneren Soruoush. En konservativ bevægelse anerkendte en del moderne værdier, men afviste, at deres europæiske oprindelse, og fastholdt, at der ikke kunne komme noget godt fra Vesten. Et eksempel er grundlæggeren af det Muslimske Broderskab, egypteren Hassan al-Banna (1946-49).

Kodahl, Dorthe Maria, "Kritisk læsning af Koranen i muslimsk optik". Tidsskrift for Islamforskning. Nr. 1. 2006
Artiklen giver en kort men meget nyttig introduktion til moderne korantolkere. Download.

 

 

Taha Hussain

Taha Hussain, 1889-1973, var en modernistisk egyptisk forfatter. I 1926 skrev han bogen "On Pre-Islamic Poetry", hvori han udtrykte tvivl om meget af den traditionelle arabiske poesi, og antydede, at Koranen ikke kunne betragtes som en objektiv historisk kilde. Bogen fremkaldte stor vrede fra al-Azhar universitetet, og han blev anklaget for at fornærme islam, men blev frikendt, men mistede sin stilling ved Cairo universitet i 1931.

 

Muhammad Ahmad Khalafallah

 

Mahmoud Mohamed Taha

 

Nasr Abu Zaid

Egyptisk koranforsker (1943-2010) kendt for sin humanistiske koran-hermeneutik. Blev erklæret for apostat og måtte forlade Egypten.

Interview: Nasr Abu Zayd On A Humanistic Reading Of The Islamic Tradition - Indian Muslims 21. Jan 2010
Download

Zaid, Nasr Abu, "The dilemma of the literary approach to the Qur'an" (2003)
Artikel i Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics. Download.

Zaid, Nasr Abu, "The Qur'an: Man and God in Communication".

Download.

 

Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im

 

 

Fethüllah Gülen

Gülen bevægelsen er en transnational religiø og social bevægelse, der er grundlagt af og ledes af Fethüllah Gülen, og er kendt som Hizmet (tjenesten).Muhammed Fethüllah G'ulen er født i 1941 i Tyrkiet, og er en islamisk lærd, imam, prædikant og forfatter. Har siden 199 levet i eksil i USA. Også i Danmark er Gülen-bevægelsen repræsenteret, ved Dialog Forum.

Sarah El-Kazaz, "The AKP and the Gülen: The End of a Historic Alliance". Middle East Brief. 2015
Download.

Fethüllah Gülen, "Muslims, we have to critically review our understanding of Islam". Le Monde, 2015
Download.

Mogens S. Mogensen, "Hvad sker der i Tyrkiet i disse dage?" Blogindlæg, den 21. december 2013:
Download.

Rachel Sharon-Krespin, "Fethullah Gülen's Grand Ambition. Turkey's Islamist Danger". Middle East Quarterly. Winter 2009, pp. 55-66. Download.

 

Muhammad Arkoun

 

Faslur Rahman

Shahab Ahmed

Mogens S. Mogensen, "Hvad er islam". Artikel i bogen "Religiøs mangfoldighed og reiigionsmøder" (2018) af Mogens S. Mogensen.
Artiklen gennemgår Ahmeds tolkning af islam, som den fremgår af hans bog "What is islam". Download.

Farid Esack

Farid Esack (f. 1959) er en sydafrikans islamisk befrielsesteolog.

Rariq Ramadan

Liengaard,Inge, "Eksegese i Europa. Tariq Ramadans syn på Koranen". Tidsskrift for Islamforskning. Nr. 1. 2006. Download.

Irshad Manji

Majni, Irshad, The Trouble with Islam (2004)

 

Amina Tønnsen

Islamisk Studiebogsamling
Her findes både artikler af Amina Tønnsen og af andre moderne islam-tolkere. Besøg .

Sekularisering og SekularismeSecular-age

 

 

Online litteratur

Taylor, Charles, "Secular Age"
Reviewed by Michael L. Morgan.Download.

Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris, "Sacred and Secular. Religion and Politics Worldwide" (2004)
This book develops a theory of secularization and existential security, building on key elements of traditional sociological theories and revising others. This book demonstrates that: (1) The publics of virtually all advanced industrial societies have been moving toward more secular orientations during the past fifty years; but (2) The world as a whole now has more people with traditional religious views than ever before-- and they constitute a growing proportion of the world's population. Though these two propositions may seem contradictory, they are not. The fact that the first proposition is true, helps account for the second—because secularization has a surprisingly powerful negative impact on human fertility rates.

Chapter 1  "The Secularisation Debate" Download.
Chapter 2 "Measuring secularization" Download.
Chapter 3 "Comparing secularization". Download.
Chapter 4. The puzzle of the United States and Western Europe. Download
Chapter 5. A religious revival in post-Communist Europe? Download
Chapter 6. Religion and politics in the Islamic world. Download
Chapter 7. Religion, the Protestant ethic and moral values. Download
Chapter 8. Religious organizations and social capital. Download
Chapter 9. Religious parties and electoral behavior. Download
Select Bibliography. Download

Swatos, William H. & Kevin J. Christiano, "Secularization Theory: The Course of a Concept" (1999)
Article from Sociology of Religion, Fall, 1999.  Download.

Rosen, Ina, "I'm a believer but I'll be damned if I'm religious. Belief and religion in the Greater Copenhagen Area – A focus group study". Lund 2009.
"This book is a contribution to the discussion about religion in contemporary Western society, characterized by the privatization of religion In this respect Denmark is a good case in point This small, wealthy and peaceful country in Scandinavia is often seen as a clear example of secularization It is perceived as a country where religion plays a very limited, peripheral role in society as well as in the lives of ordinary citizens For these reasons it is quite surprising to find in social surveys that so many Danes believe or are willing to identify as religious to a smaller or greater extent Especially since they often do not answer affirmatively about the kinds of belief, they are asked about, such as heaven, hell, telepathy, etc While many believe in god, this god often does not appear to play any significantrole in these people’s lives, as far as we can determine from their answers to the survey questions The answers appear inconsistent, and incongruous What dothey actually mean?" Download.

Sacks, Jonathan, "Chief Rabbi: atheism has failed. Only religion can defeat the new barbarians" (The Spectator, june 15, 2013)
The chief rabbi for all the Jews in the Commonwealth, Jonathan Sacks, writes in the Spectator: "... religion has social, cultural and political consequences, and you cannot expect the foundations of western civilisation to crumble and leave the rest of the building intact. That is what the greatest of all atheists, Nietzsche, understood with terrifying clarity and what his -latter-day successors fail to grasp at all. ... I have not yet found a secular ethic capable of sustaining in the long run a society of strong communities and families on the one hand, altruism, virtue, self-restraint, honour, obligation and trust on the other. A century after a civilisation loses its soul it loses its freedom also. That should concern all of us, believers and non-believers alike." Read more.

 

Nyheder

"Did Darwin kill God?"
A debate ib May 2009 in Westminister explored the compatiblility of belief in God and Darwinian evolution. The debate was is part of a wider project on Darwin and Religion that Theos has been undertaking with the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, an academic research enterprise based at St Edmund’s College, Cambridge.Listen to podcast of the debate. Read more.

 

On-line litteratur om ateisme og religionskritik

Enclypedia Brittannica, Atheism
Read more.

 

Websites for ateisme

American Atheists
Since 1963, AMERICAN ATHEISTS has been the premier organization laboring for the civil liberties of Atheists, and the total, absolute separation of government and religion. It was born out of a court case begun in 1959 by the Murray family which challenged prayer recitation in the public schools.Now in its fourth decade, American Atheists is dedicated to working for the civil rights of Atheists, promoting separation of state and church, and providing information about Atheism. Read more.

Ateist.dk
Ateist.dk drives af Ateistisk Selskab med henblik på at kommunikere foreningens standpunkter til nye og eksisterende medlemmer, samt andre interesserede.Ateistisk Selskab arbejder for adskillelse mellem religion og stat i Danmark, således at alle mennesker ligestilles uanset deres trosmæssige synspunkter og verdensbillede. Læs mere.

Atheist Alliance International
Atheist Alliance International (AAI) is an umbrella organization of groups and individuals in the United States and around the world committed to promoting and defending reason and the atheist worldview.AAI's vision is to transform society into one that supports and respects a worldview based on the values of reason, empiricism and naturalism, and respects and protects the separation of religion and government. Read more.

 

Det post-sekulære samfund

Habermas, Jürgen, "Notes on a post-secular society"
Download.

Stoeckl. Kristina, Defining the postsecular (2011)
This paper was presented at the seminar of Prof. Koruzhij at the Acadent of Sciences in Moscow February 2011. Download.

 

Religion i billeder / Religion in photos

 

Muhammad Image Archive
This large archive contains Islamic depicitions of Muhammad in full and, with face hidden, European medieval and renaissance images, the Jyllands Posten cartoons and many others. Download.

 

Religiøse illustrationer
Over 700 religiøse illustrationer, karikaturtegninger mv. Download. 

 

Sufisme

Sufisme er den indre mystiske dimension af islam, på arabisk kaldet tasawwuf.

"Mystical movement within Islam that seeks to find divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God.It consists of a variety of mystical paths that are designed to ascertain the nature of mankind and God and to facilitate the experience of divine love and wisdom in the world. Sufism arose as an organized movement after the death of Muhammad (ad 632), among different groups who found orthodox Islam to be spiritually stifling. The practices of contemporary Sufi orders and suborders vary, but most include the recitation of the name of God or of certain phrases from the Quʾrān as a way to loosen the bonds of the lower self, enabling the soul to experience the higher reality toward which it naturally aspires. Though Sufi practitioners have often been at odds with the mainstream of Islamic theology and law, the importance of Sufism in the history of Islam is incalculable" (Encyclopedia Britannica).

 

INTRODUKTION TIL SUFISME

Sørensen, Mette Hougaard, "Hvad er sufisme" . Religion.dk 27. aprl 2009
Download

Godlas, Alan, "Sufism's Many Paths"
Download.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, "The Interior Life of Ilam". Al-Serat Vol. III, Nos. 2 & 3
Download.

Sufism. An Inquiry - Online journal of Sufism
Download.

Encyclopedia.com
A number of encyclopedias on Sufism. Download.

 

VIDEOS ON SUFISM

Introduction to Suf Islam. YouTube
A general introduction to the history, philosophy and practice of Sufism. View

Rumi, Sufism and the Spiritual Path. YouTube
An introduction to one of the most significant sufi-masters, Rumi, from 12. century.View

Jesse Hirsh host of 3D Dialogue interviews Tina Petrova about Sufism and the way of the Sufi. YouTube.
Tina Petrova is a modern follower of Sufism, who sees it as a philosophy. View.

Whirling Dervishes. YouTube
A short film on how the whirling dervishes practices sufism. View .

 

WEBSITES AND WEBLOGS

Sufisme.dk
WSufisme.dk drives af frivillige muslimer, der interessere sig for Sufisme og Sufismens lære. Folkene bag Sufisme.dk er af en blanding af flere tariqat, derfor er portalen som sådan ikke tilknyttet nogen bestemt skole." Sitet er sandsynligvis knyttet til Minhaj ul-Qur'an.  Visit.

The Sufi.Com
The website, which is mainly focussing on Rumi, contain Sufi art and music and many books and articles for download. Visit.

TheSuf.com - discussions about sufism
Supplementery weblog to TheSufi.Com, run by Waleed Khalid. Visit.

Islamisk da'wa blandt kristne og andre

 

Online litterature

Haron, Muhammed, "The Dawah Movements and Sufi Tariqat: Competing for spiritual spaces in contemporary South(ern) Africa." Download.

Hauser, Albrecht, "Da'wah: Islamic Mission and Its Current Implications".

Nadwi, Maulana Khalilul Rahman Sajjad Nomani (interview with), Muslims in the West: Challenges and Opportunities (Albalagh, November 2002)
Nadwi, who wrote the book "Dawah in the West. The Qur'anic Paradigm", explains the many opportunities to propagate Islam in the West that globalisation brings about. Download.

Schirrmacher, Christine Islamic „Mission“ (Da’wah)
Download.

Bala, Aminu Alhaji, The Role of Da'wah in the Introduction and Spread of Islam in Hausaland (Northern Nigeria) (2007)
Download

Walker, Paul & Reinhard Schulze &Muhammad Khalid Masud, "Da´'wa"The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Download.


Off-line litterature

Abedin, Syed Z. 1989. Dawa and dialogue: Believers and promotion of mutual trust. In: Merryl Wyn
Davies & Adnan Khalil Pasha (eds.), Beyond Frontiers: Islam and Contemporary Needs . Pp. 42–55. London: Mansell.

al-Khalifa Ahmad, „Da’wa in Deutschland – Probleme und Perspektiven“. In: al-Islam. Zeitschrift von Muslimen in Deutschland, 3/2001, pp. 11-13.

Bulliet, Richard. 1979. Conversion to Islam in the Medieval Period. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press,

Chapman, Colin. 1998. Islam and the West. Conflict, Coextistence or Conversion. Carlisle: Paternoster Press.

Iqbal, Sheikh Muhammad. The Mission Of Islam. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House, 1977.

Islamic Dawah: Presenting Islam, In: The Muslim World League Journal, vol. 25/8, Dec 1997, pp. 17-20

Köse, Ali. 1996. Conversion to Islam. A Study of Native British Converts. London: Kegan Paul International.

Levtzion, Nehemia, ed. 1979. Conversion to Islam. New York: Holmes & Meier.

Mawdudi, Abul A'li. 1986. Witness unto Mankind: The Purpose and Duty of the Muslim Ummah. Leicester, UK: The Islamic Foundation.

Meaning and Significance of Dawah ila-Allah. A Guide to the Propagation of Islam (Markazi Maktaba Islami: Dehli, 1983)

Murad, Khurram Jah. 1986. Da'wah among Non-Muslims in the West. Leicester: The Islamic Foundation.

Nasir, Badlihisham Mohammad. 2000. "An introduction to the methodology of Da’wah in Islam." The Islamic Quarterly 44(3): 491–505.

Pedersen, Lars. 1991. Invitation til islam. Da'wa i Vesteuropa. Tidsskriftet Antropologi, 23: P. 147-159.

Poston, Larry. 1991. Becoming a Muslim in the Christian West: A Profile of Conversion to a Minority Religion. Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs, 12: 159-169.

Poston, Larry 1991. Da‘wa in the West. In: Yvonne Y. Haddad (ed.), The Muslims of America: 125–135. New York: Oxford University Press

Poston, Larry. 1992. Islamic Da'wah in the West. Muslim Missionary Activity and the Dynamics of Conversion to Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sakr, Ahmad H. „The Islamic Concept of Dawah.“ In: The Muslim World League Journal, vol. 25/8, December 1997, pp. 12-16.

Scantlebury, Elizabeth, "Islamic Daciva and Christian mission: Positive and negative models of interaction between Muslims and Christians"
In Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 1469-9311, Volume 7, Issue 3, 1996, Pages 253 – 26

Schulze, Reinhard 1995. Da’wah: Institutionalization. In: John Esposito (ed.), The Oxford
Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, I. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Von Denffer, Ahmad. 1983. Key Issues for Islamic Da'wah. Delhi: Hindustan Publications.

von Denffer, Ahnad  Da’wa in der Zeit des Propheten, Schriftenreihe des Islamischen Zentrums München, 12 (Munich, 2001)

Von Sicard, S. 1996. Contemporary Islam and its World Mission. Missiology. July.

Whaling, Frank. 1981. "A Comparative Religious Study of Missionary Transplantation in Buddhism, Christianity and Islam." International Review of Mission, 70: 314ff.

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Schrijver, Paul, Bibliography on Islam in contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa (2006)
Contains references to da'wa in Africa. Download.

 

 

Website

UK Islamic Mission
"The UK Islamic Mission is a national organisation with over 40 branches and Islamic Centres working across the United Kingdom. The UK Islamic Mission formed in the early 1960's, it has served the Muslim community in particular and has helped to build bridges of understanding and mutual respect across faith communities." Visit.

 

Kristen mission blandt muslimerTroll-Book

 

 

RESSOURCER

Online-literature

Cumming, Joseph, "Muslim Followers of Jesus" (2010)
Denne artikel dannede baggrund for en længere debat om emnet, som kan følges gennem link knyttet til denne artikel. Bl.a. følgende missiologer har her responderet på Cummings artikel: Martin Accad, John Axumah, David Claydon, Mazhar Mallouhi, John Travis og Phil Parshall. Download.

Daoud, Abu, "Mission and Sacrament" (2008)
Article in St. Francis Magazine, December 2009. Download part one. Download part two.

Kim, Caleb, "Anthropological Insights for Gospel Communicators in African-Muslim Contexts" (Lausanne World Pulse 2006)
The Korean missiology professor outlines what should be considered in establishing a Christian community in a Muslim context in East Africa. Download.

Lausanne Committee, “A New Vision, a New Heart, a Renewed Call” (2004)

Love, Rick, "The Missing Peace of Evangelical Missiology: Peacemaking and Respectful Witness"

Rick Love from Frontiers in this article examines the "the missing peace of evangelical missiology by tracing some of the fascinating connections between peacemaking and evangelism in the New Testament" in order to "demonstrate the need for an integrated approach to peacemaking and evangelism that can be summarized as follows:There should be a strong congruity between our message (the gospel of peace),our mandates (peacemaking and evangelism), and our manner (the irenic way we carry out the great commission)."Download.

Miller, Duane, "Reappropriation: an accomodationist hermeneutic of Islamic Christianity" (St. Francis Magazine, June 2009)
The author writes about how Muslims who have become followers of Jesus Christ, sometimes adopt new hermeneutical methods for reading the Qur'an. Download.

Schroeder, Edward H., "Using Luther's Concept of Deus absconditus for Christian Mission to Muslims"
Download.

Troll, Christian W., Muslims Ask, Christians Answer (2005)
This homepage offers you the opportunity to read online the book „ Muslims ask, Christians answer". In addition the homepage shall list further questions from readers concerning the book and about Christianity and Christian-Muslim Relations in general, together with answers to these. Download.

Werf, Lyle L. Vander, Christian Mission to Muslims. The Record Anglican and Reformed Approaches in India and the Near East, 1800-1938 (1977).
An analysis of protestant - in particular Reformed and Anglican - mission to Muslims in the period 1800 - 1938. Download.

Werf, Lyle L. Vander, "Christian Mission to Our Muslim Friends"
Download.

Websites

Islam and Christianity - blog
"This blog is written by a Christian, Abu Daoud, living in the Middle East. My desire is to discuss Islam and Christianity in ways that will be helpful for people of the other religion." Visit.

Joint Christian Ministry in West Africa
Ministry among Muslim Fulbe (Fulanis) in West Africa. Visit.

Message for Muslims
Visit.

DawahinthewestDa'wah og Mission

Både islam og kristendom er missionerende religioner i den betydning, at de ønsker at kommunikere deres budskab til andre mennesker og invitere dem til at blive en del af hhv den muslimske ummah og den kristne kirke.

Da'wah betyder "et råb" eller "et kald" og betegner muslimers arbejde for at udbrede kendskabet til islam.Mission betyder "sendelse" eller "udsendelse" og betegner kirkens sendelse for at vidne om evangeliet.

 

 

RESSOURCES

Henningsen, Jan. "Att Utbreda Guds Rike - Ett Uppdrag För Både Kristne Och Muslimer?." Svensk Missionstidsskrift, 3 (1983): 1ff.

Christian Mission and Islamic Da‘wa (Proceedings of the Chambesy Dialogue Consultation).
Published by Islamic Foundation of Leicester

Christian Muslim Forum, "Ethical Guidelines for Christian and Muslim Witness in Britain" (2009)
The first ever set of guidelines giving advice for Christians and Muslims who want to share their faith in an ethical way. The guide, which contains 10 points of advice (also called the 10 commandments of mission), has been produced by the Christian Muslim Forum, a national body set up in 2006 to improve relationships between the two faiths. Download.

Kerr, David, "Islamic Da'wa and Christian Mission: Towards a Comparative Analysis" (2000)
In International Review of Mission. 89, 353, pp. 150-171.

Woodberry, J. Dudley; "Comparative Witness: Christian Mission and Islamic Da'wah" (Faith and International Affairs, Spring 2009)
In this article Dr. Woodberry first show how witness through da‘wah and mission are enjoined in the Qur'an and Bible respectively. Secondly he discusses the understanding and practice of the witness of each faith community worldwide. Finally, he examines tensions and criticism that have arisen between them (incl. persecutions) and suggests guidelines for mutually responsible and respectful witness. 

 

Læs mere:

Islamisk Dawa

Kristen Mission

Love om religionsfrihed

 

FNs bestemmelser mht. religionsfrihed.
Det vigtigste international dokument er FNs erklæring om menneskerettigheder, hvis artikel 18 omhandler religionsfrihed. Denne erklæring er ikke juridisk bindende for medlemslandene. Læs mere

Europarådets bestemmelser mht. religionsfrihed
Det næstvigtigste internationale dokuement er "Den Europæiske Menneskerettighedskonvention" fra 1950, som er indarbejdet i dansk (og en række andre landes) retssystem. Artikel 9 omhandler tanke- samvittigheds- og religionsfrihed. Læs mere.

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
Art. 10. Chartret fik ikke fuld retsvikrning før Lissabon-traktaten trådte i kraft den 1. december 2009. EU skal herefter handle og lovgive i overensstemmelse med chartret og EU-domstolen skal gribe ind ved brud på EU-lovgigning, der ikke er i overensstemmelse med charteret. Chartret gælder kun for EU-landene, når de gennemfører EU-ret. Read more.

EUs bestemmelser mht. religionsfrihed
Også EUs bestemmelser vedrører religionsfrihed. Læs mere.

Danske bestemmelser mht. religionsfrihed.
Grundloven paragraf 67, 67, 70 og 71.
Lov om forbud mod forskelsbehandling på grund af race mv. (1971). Læs mere
Lov om forbud mod forskelsbehandling på arbejdsmarkedet (1996). Læs mere
Straffelovens § 266 b: "Den, der offentligt eller med forsæt til udbredelse i en videre kreds fremsætter udtalelse eller anden meddelelse, ved hvilken en gruppe af personer trues, forhånes eller nedværdiges på grund af sin race, hudfarve, nationale eller etniske oprindelse, tro eller seksuelle orientering, straffes med bøde, hæfte eller fængsel indtil 2 år. Stk. 2. Ved straffens udmåling skal det betragtes som en skærpende omstændighed, at forholdet har karakter af propagandavirksomhed."

 

Online litteratur om religionsfrihed og religionsforfølgelse - på dansk


Christoffersen, Jonas, Religionsfrihed - konventionerne og realiterne.
Talepapir ved høringen i folketingets udenrigsudvalg om kristenforfølgelse på Christiansborg, den 12. november 2013. Download.

EU's retningslinjer om fremme og beskyttelse af religions- og trosfrihed (24. juni 2013)

Læs mere.

Hylleberg, Bent, "P. C. Mønsters ansøgning om religionsfrihed 1840" (Oprindeligt trykt i Kirkehistoriske Samlinger 1999)

Læs mere.

Institut for Menneskerettigheder, "Religionsfrihed i Danmark"
En kort gennemgang af religionsfrihedens historie i Danmark og aktuelle indhold. Læs mere.

Kontaktgruppen for muslimer og kristene, "Religionsfrihed - et fælles synspunkt" (Kronik i Berlingske Tidende 22/5/11)
Denne kontaktgruppe, som på kristen siden repræsenteres bl.a. Danske Kirkers Råd, på muslimsk side bl.a. af Muslimernes Fællesråd, udtaler her i fællesskab deres syn på religionsfrihed, inkl. retten til konversion og dekonversion. Download.

Kristeligt Dagblads artikelserie om "Forfulgte kristne" (2011)
Download.

Københavns Stift, "Religionsfrihed. Årbog for Københavns Stift 1998"
Download.

Larsen, Esben Lunde, Frihedstænkning hos N. F. S. Grundtvig (2008).
Speciale ved Det Teologiske Fakultet, Københavns Universitet. Download.

Mogens S. Mogensen, Religionsfrihed og religionsforfølgelse. Ny Mission nr. 27. Frederiksberg: Dansk Missionsråd (2014)
Kan downloades gratis fra Dansk Missionsråds website. Læs mere.

Petersen, Marie Juul, Religionsfrihed i dansk udenrigs. og udviklingspolitik (2015). Download.

Rasmussen, Lissi, "Religionsfrihed, værdifællesskab og dialog".
Download.

Svenska Missionsrådet, Tro, frihet och foraändring. Så kan religionsfrihet integreras i svensk utrikespolitik (2010)
"Syftet med denna rapport är att: - lyfta fram religionsfrihetens betydelse för att uppnå resultat i fråga
om Sveriges utrikespolitiska prioriteringar: mänskliga rättigheter, fred och säkerhet, demokratisering och fattigdomsbekämpning, - visa hur religionsfriheten behöver prioriteras högre i svensk utrikespolitik och svenskt utvecklingssamarbete; -uppmana regeringen att ge utrikesdepartementet och Sida i uppdrag att aktivt integrera arbete för religionsfrihet i utrikespolitiken och ge konkreta rekommendationer för hur detta kan ske." Download.

Spangsbjerg, Marguerita Hvid, "Status over religionsfrihed i 10 muslimske lande" (Religion.dk 9. okt. 2009)

Indeholder en kort oversigt over situationen i flg. lande: Irak, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakisrtan, Bangladesh, Saudiarabien, Jordan, Egypten, Tyrkiet og Malaysia. Læs mere.

Thinkquest.dk, Religionsfrihed
Orientering om religionsfrihed beregnet på børn. Læs mere

Utenriksdepartementet, Tro- og livssynsminoriteter. Veileder for utenriksdepartementet og utenriksstasjonene (2013)
Download.

religionogmenneskeret.jpg

Religionsfrihed og religionsforfølgelse


Religionsfrihed er både historisk og principielt den grundlæggende menneskerettighed. Bl.a. derfor er det vigtigt at stå vagt om religionsfriehden og at bekæmpe enhver form for religionsforfølgelse og diskrimination på basis af religion.

Love og bestemmelser om religionsfrihed

Både på internationalt, regionalt og nationalt niveau er der en række love og regler om religionsfrihed. Læs mere.

Organisationer, som kæmper for religionsfrihed
En række internationale organisationer kæmper for religionsfrihed inkl. retten til at skifte religion. Læs mere.

StefanApostasi
Religionsfrihed og herunder retten til at skifte religion er et alvorligt problem i en række muslimske lande. Læs mere.

On-line litteratur på dansk
Her findes on-line artikler, bøger og rapporter på dansk om religionsfrihed og reliionsforfølgelse. Læs mere.

On-line litterature in English

Here a number of on-line articles, books and reprots on the freedom of religion and about religious persecution are available. Read more

 

FOKUS 

Forfulgte kristne - Irak.
Læs mere

A Common Word - Seminar i Haderslev Stift

Seminaret indledtes med et foredrag af prof. Jørgen S. Nielsen, der præsenterede den historiske og politiske baggrund for tilblivelsen af "A Common Word". Imam Naveed Baig fremlagde muslimske perspektiver på "A Common Word" og de danske reaktioner på det. Mogens S. Mogensen fremlagde de internationale kirkelige reaktioner på brevet. Læs programmet for seminaret her.

Paneldebat
I en paneldebat, hvori bl.a. deltog Erling Tidemann, Jesper Bacher og Steen Skovsgaard, blev "A Common Word" og den danske respons på dette brev drøftet. For at høre Erling Tidemanns indlæg som podcast, klik her.

Svarbrev fra fem præster i Haderslev stift på "A Common Word"
I svarbrevet skriver de fem præster bl.a., at "Den gensidige anerkendelse af, at kristne og muslimer tror på én Gud finder vi vigtig. Ligesom muslimer ikke bryder sig om at tiltales som muhamedanere, eftersom Muhammed betragtes som profet play pokie machines online og ikke guddommelig, sådan bryder kristne sig ikke om beskyldning for flerguderi. Lad os derfor gensidigt anerkende, at kristne og muslimer tror på én Gud." For at læse hele svarbrevet, klik her.

Blog-indlæg om de fem præster svarbrev fra Mogens S. Mogensen
Indlægget slutter således: "En stor tak og et stort til lykke til Haderslev-præsterne for et ikke bare høfligt, men også et teologisk velgennemtænkt og dialogisk konstruktivt svar på de 138 muslimske lærdes brev ”A Common Word”.  Det er ”Et fælles ord” fra Haderslev stift, som jeg tror, at mange i hele folkekirken vil glæde sig over. Brevet fortjener, at blive sendt ikke kun til de 138 muslimske lærde, men først og fremmest til muslimske foreninger i Danmark, så det kan være med til at danne udgangspunkt for en god dialog mellem muslimer og kristne i Danmark." Læs hele blogindlægget af Mogens S. Mogensen her.

haderslev-common-word.jpg

haderslev-common-word-2.jpg

Organisationer som kæmper for religionsfrihed og mod religiøs forfølgelse


En række internationale organisationer og myndigheder kæmper for overholdelse af de internationale menneskerettighedsbestemmelser mht. religiøs frihed, og dermed også for menneskers ret til at forlade en religion uden at blive forfulgt eller straffet.

 

Danske organisationer

Dansk Europamission
Dansk Europamission hælper forfulgte kristne i Mellemøsten, Asien og Centralasien med projekter vedrørende nødhjælp og udvikling, bibeloversættelser, mediemission, evangelisering og lederuddannelse. Organisationen driver hjemmesiden "Forfulgte Kristne". Læs mere.

Dansk Missionsråds Religions- og Trosfrihedsforum
Dansk Missionsråds nyeste forum er forum for religions- og trosfrihed. Her er repræsentanter fra medlemsorganisationerne og ressourcepersoner fra andre organisationer inviterede til deltagelse i et nyt, tidsbegrænset religionsfrihedsforum, der har til formål at styrke fokus og handling omkring tros- og religionsfrihed både for organisationer, kirkeligt bagland og i national offentlig og politisk debat. Koordinator for udvalget er Birger Nygaard, Det Mellemkirkelige Råd (Denne e-mail adresse bliver beskyttet mod spambots. Du skal have JavaScript aktiveret for at vise den.).

Folkekirkens Mellemkirkelige Råd - Projekt "Trosfrihed - forfulgte kristne"
Dette projekt beskæftiger sig generelt med religions- og trosfrihed og specifikt med situationen for kristne i Irak. Læs mere.

Projekt Trosfrihed - Forfulgte Kristne - Folkekirkens Mellemkirkelige Råd.
Projektet beskæftiger sig generelt med religions- og trosfrihed og specifikt med situationen for kristne i Irak. Læs mere.

Åbne Døre
Åbne Døre er en international tværkirkelig missionsorganisation fokuserer på forfulgte kristne og har flg. målsætning: Personligt at overlevere bibler og undervisningsmaterialer til kristne i "lukkede" lande, samt give dem oplæring -  At forberede kristne i truede lande på at møde forfølgelse og lidelse -  At udfordre de kristne i den frie verden til at tjene de forfulgte kristne. Læs mere.

 

Internationale organisationer


Amnesty International.
Amnesty International er en verdensomspændende organisation af mennesker, som kæmper for de internationalt anerkendte menneskerettigeder (inkl. religionsfriheden).  Læs mere.

Barnabas Fund
Organisationen Barnabas Fund - hope and aid for the persecuted church har som navnet antyder til formål at støtte forfulgte kristne minoriteter. Læs mere.

Center for Religious Freedom
"The Center for Religious Freedom is a self-sustaining division of Freedom House. Founded in 1941 by Eleanor Roosevelt and Wendell Willkie to oppose Naziism and Communism in Europe, Freedom House is America's oldest human rights group. Its Center for Religious Freedom defends against religious persecution of all groups throughout the world." Centeret beskæftiger sig også med menneskers ret til at forlade en religion. Læs mere.

Christians Solidarity Wordlwide
Christian Solidarity Worldwide, Voice for the Voiceless, is a human rights organisation which specialises in religious freedom, works on behalf of those persecuted for their Christian beliefs and promotes religious liberty for all. Visit.

Conference of European Churches, The Church and Society Commission. Human Rights and Religious Freedom
The CEC member churches advocate for their promotion and for protection of the highest level of international human rights standards inside of Europe, but also outside of its borders. The CSC monitors and advocates for the implementation of civil and political rights, as well as social, economic and cultural rights vis-à-vis International Organisations and European Institutions.  The issues that CSC devotes its attention to include freedom of religion or belief, anti-discrimination legislation etc. The CSC also makes its contribution to the development of Human Rights Education.  A special link on this page will lead you to the resource material for human rights training.  Together with CEC member churches and its associated organisations, CSC is developing its first European churches’ on-line human rights library which should help its members to monitor progress in the development of the human rights concept inside the CEC membership. Read more.

Council of European Churches - Human Rights and Freedom of Religion- program
Læs mere.

European Parliament Working Group on Freedom of Religion or Belief.
European Parliament Working Group on Freedom of Religion or Belief (EPWG on FoRB) is a group of like-minded MEPs dedicated to promote and protect FoRB in the EU's external actions. Read more.

European Union
The European Union Parliament has a strong tradition for support fight for human rights including freedom of religion and also has spoken out agains persecution of Christian communities.

  • 15/11/07 The European Parliament passed a resolution on serious events which conpromise Christian communities' existence and those of other religious communities. Download.

  • 06/05/10 The European Parliament passed a resolution on the mass atrocities in Jos, Nigeria. Download.

  • May 2010 Commission of the Bishops Conference of the European Union, "Religious Freedom. Pillar of the Human Rights Policy in the External Relations of the European Union" Report to the bishopsof COMECE. Download.

  • 20/05/10 he European Parliament passed a resolution on religious freedom in Pakistan. Download.

  • 25/11/10 The European Parliament passed a resolution on Iraq: the death penalty (notably the case of Tariq Aziz) and attacks agains Christians. Download.

  • 20/01/11 The European Parliament passed a resolution attacks on Christian communities. Download.

  • 24/06/13 Council of the Europian Union, EU Guidelines on the Promotion and Protection of Freedom of Religion or Belief. Foreign Council meeting, Luxembourg, 24 June 2013. Download.

  • 10/10/13 The European Parliament passed three separate resolutions on Thursday, condemning violence and persecution against Christians in Syria, Pakistan and Iran. Download.
European Parliament Working Group on Freedom of Religion or Belief (EPWG on FoRB) is a group of like-minded MEPs dedicated to promote and protect FoRB in the EU's external actions. - See more at: http://www.religiousfreedom.eu/#sthash.NKunUKGs.dpuf
European Parliament Working Group on Freedom of Religion or Belief (EPWG on FoRB) is a group of like-minded MEPs dedicated to promote and protect FoRB in the EU's external actions. - See more at: http://www.religiousfreedom.eu/#sthash.NKunUKGs.dpuf

Forum 18
En Oslo-baseret organisation, som på basis af art. 18 i FNs universelle menneskerettighedserklæring kæmper for religionsfriehed. "Every person has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right includes the freedom to change religion or belief..." Læs mere.

International Christian Concern.
"ICC acts as a bridge between believers in free countries and believers in persecuted countries. This bridge carries encouragement, prayers and aid in while news, requests, and love flow back over the bridge. The bridge also allows for the voices and concerns of the persecuted to be heard by the Church so that we might move the rest of the world to action on their behalf." The organisation grew out of Christian Solidarity Intl., USA division. Læs mere.

International Coalition for Religious Freedom
Denne koalition til forsvar for religiøs frihed er sponsoreret af Unification Church. Læs mere.

International Religious Freedom -  US Department of State
På denne hjemmeside er der mulighed for at få et overblik fx. over den juridiske og faktiske tilstand i en række lande med hensyn til behandling af apostasi ved at benytte søgefunktionen (apostasy). Læs mere.

Middle East Concern
"Middle East Concern (MEC) is based in the Middle East. It is an Association of established Christian agencies and individuals advocating the human rights of the Christian communities in the Middle East and North Africa, within the general human rights context in the region. MEC recognizes the link between Christian faith and human rights, sees religious liberty as the cornerstone of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and believes that protection of fundamental liberties is an integral part of social and economic development. Founded in direct response to a felt need by local Christians, MEC began its work in the Middle East North Africa region in 1991. Individual and corporate membership now includes Christians living in all of the countries of the Middle East and North Africa and Christians from other countries involved in supporting the church where it is under pressure. The vision of MEC is to help churches and individual Christians in the region practise their faith freely and enjoy full religious liberty in their respective countries." Læs mere.

Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief
The Oslo Coalition, which was established in 1998 by a number of faith communities, works to advance freedom of religion or belief  as a common benefit that is accepted and embraced by all religions and persuasions. Drawing on and promoting the internationally accepted human rights standards on freedom of religion, the Coalition works to promote mutual understanding and cooperation between communities of different persuasions and to hinder injustice, intolerance and distrust springing from religious differences. Read more.

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe - Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights - Freedom of Religion or Belief
ODIHR’s work in the area of freedom of religion or belief focuses on assisting participating States, religious or belief communities, and civil society in protecting and promoting the right to freedom of religion or belief. ODIHR also works on preventing and responding to intolerance and discrimination based on religious grounds. Read more.

Religious Freedom & Business Foundation 
"The Religious Freedom & Business Foundation educates the global business community about how religious freedom is good for business, and engages the business community in joining forces with government and non-government organizations in promoting respect for freedom of religion or belief. ... The Foundation accomplishes its work through research, education, global awards, world forums, and catalytic networking, that is connecting businesses with governmental and non-governmental organizations aiming to help religious minorities develop empowering and economically sustainable enterprises. ...The Foundation is the first organization dedicated to educating businesses about why religious freedom will enable them to be more productive and successful, and how they can effectively incorporate religious freedom in their strategic business plans for the benefit of their stake holders, their employees and society." The foundation is founded and led by Brian J. Grim. Read more

Svenska Missionsrådet, Religions- och övertygelsefrihet
Her fokuseres på religionsfrihed i udviklingsarbejdet. Læs mere.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom was created by the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 to monitor the status of freedom of thought, conscience, and religion or belief abroad, as defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and related international instruments, and to give independent policy recommendations to the President, the Secretary of State, and the Congress. Read more.

Islam og menneskerettighederne

Hvordan forholder islam sig til menneskerettighederne? Det er et spørgsmål, som
der ikke kan gives noget entydigt svar på, men på denne side vil der blive givet links
til forskellige islamiske deklarationer og kommentarer til disse og emnet som helhed.

The Universal Islamic Declaration of Human Rights
Udarbejdet af The European Islamic Council i London og tiltrådt af The International
Islamic Council i 1981.

The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam
Vedtaget af The Organization of the Islamic Conference i 1990.

Arab Charter on Human Rights
Vedtaget af Council of League of Arab States 1994.

Plural Islam:Law and politics in the Arab-Muslim countries
Dette website indeholder links til en række interessante dokumenter og artikler bl.a.
vedrørende islam og menneskerettighederne - på engelsk, fransk og italiensk,
samt en række udførlige bibliografier over dette og beslægtede emner.

Muslim Voices in the Human Rights Debate
En artikel af Heiner Bielefeldt, The Toronto Law Faculty, skrevet i 1994. Artiklen i
ndeholder bl.a. en analyse af konfliktområderne mellem shari'a og menneske-
rettighederne og forskellige traditionelle og moderne muslimske perspektiver på
menneskerettighederne.

Dialog-konference i Abu Dhabi 14. - 17. april 2006

Arrangørerne siger om konferencens formål, at "The program seeks to plant the seeds of understanding between two different traditions, but not by relativizing those differences, but rather by conceding them in the spirit of genuine tolerance". Fra dansk side deltager 20 unge og 5 pressefolk og akademikere, udpeget af Dansk Ungdoms Fællesråd.


The Muslim Danish Dialogue Forum website
For at besøge konferencen website, klik her.

DUF
Læs Dansk Ungdoms Fællesråds præsentation af konferencen her.

"Århusianer møder arabere i mediestorm"
Interview med deltager, Anders Mogensen, Århus Stiftstidende 9. april,   klik her.

Papers af Mogens S. Mogensen
Mogens S. Mogensen præsenterede to korte oplæg

  • Tolerance and the New Pluralism. Towards a Post-secular Society with Religions in the Public Square. For at læse dette paper, Download
  • The Role of Media in Portraying Events. Legal, Ethical and Theological Perspectives on Media and Communication. For at læse dette paper, Download.

Unge danskere går i dialog med muslimer i Mellemøsten
»Der består en fundamental uenighed, og der er ting, vi ikke kan blive enige om. Jeg tror ikke, at de har en forventning om, at vi siger undskyld. Og vi regner ikke med at møde nogen, der synes, at de tegninger var fede. Men så må vi tage diskussionen derfra«, udtaler Venstres Ungdoms formand Karsten Lauritzen i en artikel i Politiken. Læs mere.

"Unge bygger bro mellem Danmark og den islamiske verden".
Artikel i Berlingske Tidende af Elisabeth Haslund, den 18. april. Læs mere.

Abu Dhabi Deklarationen
Slutdokumentet for dialogkonferencen i Abu Dhabi, Download.

"The Ground-breaking Cross-cultural Muslim-Danish Forum". Report from AME Info.
"Renowned Muslim scholar, Habib Ali Aljifri, Director of the Tabah Foundation, summed up the positive results of the Dialogue: 'By the grace of God, I believe that the forum achieved its primary objective, namely the building of bridges of understanding, as well as the ability to appreciate the feelings and sensitivities of the delegations." Read more.

'Publication of blasphemous cartoons has nothing to do with freedom of expression'
Article by Nada S. Mussallam in Khaleej Times Online ""The whole matter has nothing to do with freedom of expression. The decision to publish the cartoons has to be seen in the context of that country's struggle to come to terms with a modern reality, that of creating a robust society," said Fuad Nahdi, publisher of the London-based Q-News magazine." Read more.

"Landmark dialogue between Young Danes and Muslims begins"
Article in United Press International. ""This is an opportunity for genuine cultural, intellectual and spiritual exchange," said Tabah Foundation's Amienoella Abderoef."We are not here to gloss over the difficult issues. We want these young leaders and activists to deal with the most difficult and complex issues but in the spirit of mutual respect. We need to develop the values we share and work to resolving differences peacefully." Read more.

Dialog konferencer i Danmark eller med dansk deltagelse

Rapport fra Kristen-Muslimsk lederkonference i Nyborg 2006
Download.

Rapport fra Kristen-Muslimsk lederkonference i København 2007

Download.

Rapport fra Kristent Muslimsk lederkonference i København 2008
Download.

Rapport fra Kristen Muslimsk lederkonference i København 2009
Download. Læs mere fra konferencen.

Rapport fra Kristen Muslimsk lederkonference i København 2010
Download.

Rapport fra Kristen Muslimsk lederkonference i København 2011
Download.

Rapport fra Kristen Muslimsk Lederkonference i København 2012
Download

Porvoo-konference i Edinburgh December 2008
Konference for kristne og muslimer fra Storbrittanien og Skandinavien. Læs mere.

Dialog-konference i Abu Dhabi 2006
Under overskriften "The Search for Mutual Understanding" afholdtes en dialog-konference mellem danske og arabiske unge i Abu Dhabi i De Forenede Arabiske Emirater 14. - 17. april 2006. Udover 20 danske unge medvirkede også repræsentanter for presse og forskning, bl.a. Mogens S. Mogensen. Læs mere.

Religionsteologisk konference i Birmingham 2003
Den 24. - 25. juni i 2003 afholdtes Birmingham Universitets teologiske fakultet en konference under overskriften "To What Ultimate End? Interreligious Dialogue and the Future". Blandt foredragsholderne var verdenskendte religionsteologer som John Hick, Paul Knitter og Mark Heim. Rapporten findes i to udgaver, begge på engelsk: Download.

On-line litteratur om dialog

Areopagos, "Et levende møde i et multireligiøst samfund. Et procesdukument om dialog  (2005)
"I en kristen sammenhæng er religiøs dialog at lede efter Guds nærvær og stemme overalt og i alle fællesskaber, både religiøse og sekulære, fordi Gud elsker sin skabning, som har bar åbenbaret det i inkarnationen, døden på korset og Jesu Kristi genopstandelse". Sådan indledes Areopagos' nye 20 siders dialog-dokument fra oktober 2005. Download.

Ariajah, Wesley, "Interfaith Dialogue"
Leksikon-artikel af Wesley Ariajah, der giver en kort introduktion til den interreligiøse dialog, som den har udviklet sig i tænkning og praksis gennem det 20. århundrede. Download.

Den katolsk-muslimske Dialogkomité, En fælles fredens kultur (2009)
Den 24. - 25. februar 2009 afholdt Den katolsk-muslimske Dialogkomité sit årlige møde og udsendte efter mødet en fælles erklæring, som bl.a. indeholdt flg. passus: "I erkendelse af den stærke sammenhæng, der er mellem fred og menneskerettigheder var der ved drøftelserne særlig opmærksomhed på forsvaret for det enkelte menneskes værdighed og på hans eller hendes rettigheder, specielt når det gælder samvittigheds- og religionsfrihed." Læs mere.

Dansk Misisionsråd, "Teser om anerkendelse af mennesker, der tilhører forskellige religioner i det multireligiøse samfund".
Teser, vedtaget af Dansk Missionsråds repræsentantskab den 18. april 2007 i Odense. Teserne, der er et resultat af en længere studieproces foranlediget af Muhammed-krisen, addresserer sig til (1) hele samfundet (2) kirken og (3)( folk, der tilhører andre religioner. Læs mere.

Frederiks, Martha Th.,  "Kenosis as a model for interreligious dialogue"
Frederiks in her serach for adequate odels of how to relate to peopleof other faiths, especially in those situations where the Christian community forms a small minorit, analsyses the following models: expansion, diakonia, presence, dialogue and kenosiis. Download.

Grundmann, Christoffer, H., "Living with Religious Plurality. Some basic Theological Reflections on Interreligious Dialogue"
Download.

Grung, Anne Hege, "Interreligious dialogue: Moving between compartmentalization and complexity"
"Interreligious dialogues as organized activities establish religious difference among its participants as a premise. This article discusses how various ways of signifying religious difference in interreligious dialogues can impact culturally by looking at the dynamics between the dialogues’ ‘insides’ and ‘outsides’, especially regarding the ways in which differences are conceptualized. The current criticism of interreligious dialogue and the current perspectives on the dialogues’ alleged effects on conceptualizing differences are examined in the examples presented in this article. Finally, two models of interreligious dialogue are suggested. First, a model where religious differences are apprehended as ‘constitutive’, and second, a model where religious differences are viewed as ‘challenge’. The first relates to a multicultural view of differences, and the second to a perspective of cultural complexity. Lastly, the two models are discussed in relation to the notion of strategic essentialism." Download.

Hall, Gerard, "The Call for Interfaith Dialogue"
The paper proposes various theological bases for dialogue in Vatican II and subsequent Catholic teachcis and and newer theologies which focus on the role Trinity and the Holy Spirit.  Download

IKONs dialog- og missionssyn
"Dialog begrænser sig ikke til det talte ord. Dialog er samtale og mødet mellem mennesker. Det er i det menneskelige fællesskab med dets sorger og glæder, konflikter og samhørighed, at vi bliver sande mennesker. I den forstand er menneskets væsen dialogisk. Dialog behøver derfor ingen legitimering. Religionsdialog er den specifikke udveksling af religiøse forestillinger, erfaringer og praksis mellem mennesker." Læs mere.

Michaud, Derek, Toward An Adequate Model for the Theology of Religions (Academia, 2008)
Download.

Pontifical Council for Interreligious & Congregation for the Dialogue Evangelization of Peoples Dialogue and Proclamation. Reflections and Orientations .On Interreligious Dialogue and the Proclamation of the Gospel of Jesus Chris (Vatican City 1991) Download.

Ramble, Anugrah & Joshva Raja, Towards a Christian Theology of Dialogue. Communication at Grassroots in a Multi-Religious Context.
"The aim of this paper is to go beyond such theologies and to explore a new methodology of doing theology in a South Asian Context. This new approach has to take into account people’s experience in multicultural and pluralistic contexts on the one hand and diverse competing narratives and their religious interpretations on the other hand. It takes into account how people can be committed to their own faith, tradition and culture while recognizing, engaging and interaction with the presence of the others’ faith, tradition and cultures around them. Thus the aim is to create a dialogic space at grassroots that would enable the communities not only to coexist but also to work towards a life-together respecting and recognizing each others’ religious faith. Taking the present realities of religious conflicts this approach becomes very important and relevant particularly for the South Asian contexts." Download.

Vestergaard, Leif,  Safet Bektovic og Mogens S. Mogensen, Rapport fra lytterunde.
Rapport fra Folkekirke og Religionsmødes ”lytterunde” blandt muslimske organisationer og moskeer er nu offentliggjort. Hvad er muslimers forhold til det danske samfund? Hvad er danske muslimers selvforståelse? Kan muslimer genkende sig selv i mediebilledet? Hvad er muslimers forhold til andre religioner? Disse spørgsmål besvares i den rapport som Folkekirke og Religionsmøde netop har udsendt, "Rapport fra en lytterunde blandt muslimske organisationer og moskeer". Læs mere.

Von Sicard, Sigvard & Ingo Wulfhorst, red,, Dialogue and Beyond (2003)

LWF study, which among others include an article by Olaf Schuman on "Some Reflections on the Meaning and Aims of Interfaith Dialogue#
Download.

Wordl Council of Churches, "Ecumenical Considerations for Dialogue and Relations with People of other Religions" (2002)
I 2002 publiserede Kirkernes Verdensråd dets opdaterede forståelse af den interreligiøse dialog, som ikke erstatter, men komplementerer Guidelines for Dialogue fra 1979 (Se nedenfor). Download.

World Council of Churches, "Guidelines for Dialogue and Relations with People of Other Faiths" (1979)
Kirkernes Verdensråds diaologretningslinjer fra 1979, som stadig er relevante. Download.


Mission - Missionsverständnis - Dialog mit anderen Religionen
29 siders spændende artikel om den vestfalske evangeliske kirkes syn på mission og dialog. Download.

 

 

Litteraturliste om dialog (ikke-online)

Litteraturliste om dialog

 

Ariarajah, Wesley

1987              Bibel, Dialog og Mission, Nyt Synspunkt nr.27. DMS, p.9-83.


Cobb, John B.

1982           Beyond Dialogue. Toward a Mutual Transformation of Christianity and Buddhism. Philadelphia.

 

Faruqi, Isma’il Raji Al.

1982           Trialogue of the Abrahamic Faiths, Brentwood


Grung, Anne Hege& Lena Larsen

2000           Dialog med og uten slør. Oslo


Haddad, Yvonne Y. & Wadi Z. (red.)

1995           Christian-Muslim encounters, Gainesville, University Press of Florida

Hedges, Paul

2010            Controversies in Interreligious Dialogue and the Theology of Religions (SCM Press)
                   Læs mere.

Ipgrave, Michael

2002           The Road Ahead. A Christian-Muslim Dialogue. Church House Publishing, London.

 

Kateregga, Badru D. & David W. Shenk

1980           Islam and Christianity. A Muslim and a Christian in Dialogue. Ibadan, Nigeria:

Daystar Press.


Leirvik, Oddbjørn

1999           Images of Jesus Christ in Islam: Introduction, Survey of Research, Issues of Dialogue.

Uppsala


2002           Knowing by Oneself, Knowing with the Other: Al-damir, Human Conscience and Christian-Muslim Relations, University of Oslo

1996          Religionsdialog på Norsk. OsloLWF

1998           Christian-Muslim Dalogue: Theological & Practical Issues. LWF, Geneva 1998.

 

Moucarry, Chawkat

2003           At være tro mod tro - kristendom og islam i dialog. København: Unitas.

 

Nazir-Ali, Michael

1991           Frontiers in Muslim-Christian Encounter. Oxford: Regnum Books

 

Nielsen, Harald, ed.

2000           Samtalen fremmer forståelsen. København: Unitas Forlag.

 

Race, Alan

2001           Interfaith Encounter. The Twin Tracks of Theology and Dialogue. London: SCM

 

Rasmussen, Lissi

1997           Diapraksis og dialog mellem kristne og muslimer – i lyset af den afrikanske erfaring.  Aarhus Universtitetsforlag

2001         Muslimer og kristne ansigt til ansigt. København: Islamisk-Kristent Studiecenter.


Siddiqui,  Ataullah

1997           Christian-Muslim Dialogue in the Twentieth Century. London


Zebiri, K.

1997           Muslims and Christians face to face. Oxford

 

Aagaard, Johannes

2001           Sandheden i dialog. Århus: Dialogcentrets Forlag.

 

On-line Litteratur om Kultur og religion


Viggo Mortensen, Betydningen af religion og religiøsistet for integrationsprocesserne (2002)
Den 21 sider lange artikel giver en bred indføring i "religion og integration" og konkluderer, at "der i det danske samfund er mangel på viden om, hvordan man fremmer integrationsprocesser, hvori  den religiøse komponent er afgørende. Læs mere.

Viggo Mortensen, Religion og integration efter 11. september (2002)
En del af denne 53 sider lange artikel er også indeholdt i den ovenstående artikel . Læs mere.

Religion, kultur, demokrati (2005)
En 63 sider lang rapport udarbejdet for forskningsrådet for kultur og kommunikation af Viggo Mortensen,  Esther Fiil,  Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen, Inger Sjørslev, Ole Wæver og Johannes Adamsen. Rapporten indeholder bl.a. en artikel om "Behovet for forskningsfeltet  religion, kultur, demokrati" og artikler om udvalgte perspektiver på hhv. religion, kultur og demokrati, og afsluttes med en række konklusioner med anbefalinger om tværfaglif forskning inden for dette felt. Læs mere.

Viggo Mortensen (red), Den danske Folkekirke og islam
En samling indlæg fra et seminar på Teologisk Fakultet, Aarhus Universitet, i anledning af udgivelsen af rapport fra biskoppernes islam-udvalg, "Samtalen fremmer forståelsen". Læs mere.

Oplæg om religionsfrihed og religionslighed - 14/09/04
Danmission har udarbejdet et oplæg om "Danmissions syn på religionsfrihed, ligestilling blandt religionssamfund og folkekirkens handlefrihed". Oplægget indeholder, dels en klar analyse af den faktiske situation, dels en påpegning af forhold, som bør ændres, og som man i kirke og mission bør forholde sig til. For at læse hele oplægget, klik her.

Porvoo-consultation in Edinburgh, Scotland on Christian-Muslim Relations, December 1-4, 2008

The consultation was hosted by the Scottisch Episcopal Church and from each of the Porvoo-countries one Christian and one Muslim had been invited. The reasoning behgind the decision to invite both Christians and Muslims "sas because the Consultation will be an opportunity, in part for the Porvoo Churches to discuss their responses to A Common Word and to share their responses with their Muslim neighbours. It is also an important opportunity to compare notes on our local experience of Christian-Muslim relations and to reflect on it and on governmenty policy in our respective countries.... Therefor, the consultation is to talk with people from another faith not about them."

See s short report in Danish, "Rapport fra Porvoo Communion Inter-faith Consultation, The Point Hotel, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-4 December 2008". Download .
See photo-series from the consultation. Download.

 

BLOG-POST- M. S. Mogensen - in Danish

December 1: Dialg med forbehold.

 

GENERAL DOCUMENTS

Guidelines for Interfaith Encounter in the Churches of the Porvoo Communion
Adopted in Oslo December 2003. Read more.

 

REPORT FROM INTERFAITH CENTER IN KADUNA, NIGERIA

See vide domumentary, "The Imam and the Pastor", about a Muslim and a Christian who were militant opponents and became coworkers for peace and reconciliation. See video.

 

REPORTS FROM NORWAY

Guiding Principles for Interreligious Relations
Adopted by Church of Norway Council on Ecumenicl Relations February 11, 2008. Read more.

When Believers Meet. A Study Guide on Interreligious Dialogue
Prepared bt the Theological Commission, Church of Norway Council on Ecumenical and INternational Relations, September 2007. Read more.

 

REPORTS FROM SWEDEN

Interfaith Climate Summit - In English - The Uppsala Interfaith Climate Manifesto
Read more.

 

REPORTS FROM DENMARK

Theses on the Recognition of People of Different Religions in a Multi-religious Society
Adopted by the Danish Mission Council on April 18, 2007. Read more.

Report on Freedom of Expression - Christian-Muslim Working Group - October 2008
Presented and accepted by the third Leadership Conference for Christian and Muslim Leaders. Read more.

Resourcer ang. Religion og Kultur

Denne side er under opbygning.

Islamisk politisk filosofi

Islam har eksisteret i over 1400 år og er efterhånden udbredt over det meste af jorden. Forskellige politiske bevægelser i mange forskellige lande og kulturer har brugt islam til at legitimere deres politiske synspunkter. Det kan derfor ikke undre, at næsten hvert eneste aspekt af en islamisk politiske filosofi omfattes af uenighed og diskussioner og stridigheder. Det gælder især forholdet mellem de mere konservative islamistiske bevægelser og de mere liberale bevægelser inden for islam. Derfor giver det ingen mening at tale om DEN islamisk politiske filosofi, som om der af islam entydigt kunne udledes et politiske program eller en politisk samfundsmodel, som alle muslimer ville føle sig enige i og forpliget på. Det betyder ikke, at der ikke er islamiske grupper, som hævder, at deres tolkning af islam mht. politik er den eneste rigtige, som alle burde være enige om.

Muhammad Taqi Mishab Yezdi, "A Glimpse at the Political Philosophy of Islam"
Download.

Paul Halsall, "Islamic political philosophy: Al-Farabi, Avicenna, Averroes"
Paul Halsalls Internet Sourcebooks Project (Fordham University) indeholder et interessant afsnit om nogle af de klassiske politiske tænkere i islam. Download.

Azzam Z. Tamimi, "Democracy in Islamic Political Thought"
Foredraget, der holdt i en moske i Belfast i 1997, giver en oversigt over væksten of forskellige faser i indflydelsen fra demokratibegrebet i islamisk politisk tænkning i de sidste to århundreder. Download.

 

Hizb ut-Tahrir
"Hizb ut-Tahrir er et politisk parti, hvis ideologi er Islam. Politik er partiets arbejde, og Islam er dets ideologi. Partiet arbejder iblandt og med den islamiske ummah (nation) med det formål at få ummah til at tage Islam til sig som sin sag, samt at lede denne til at reetablere Khilafah-staten (kalifatet) og styret med Allahs åbenbarede lov, så de vender tilbage til eksistens." (Citat fra Hizb ut-Tahrirs danske website)
M. Grøndahl, T.R. Rasmussen og K. Sinclair: Hizb-ut-tahrir i Danmark. Farlig fumdamentalisme eller uskyldigt ungdomsoprør? (Aarhus Universitetsforlag 2003) Anmeldelse af R. Engelbreth Larsen.
Blog-kommentar om Hizb ut-Tahrir af Mogens S. Mogensen: Ad HT

 

-----------------------------

Political Islam
En meget omfattende litteraturliste over on-line litteratur på engelsk om politisk islam.  

Islam og kristen-muslimske relationer

 

Contextualizing Islam in Britaincontextualizingislam

Middle East Online writes October 21 abut a report that seeks to explain how Islam can be faithfully understood as compatible with secular state. "This month saw the launch of a report authored by a theologically diverse group of leading British Muslims entitled "Contextualising Islam in Britain". The scholars and practitioners who contributed to the report, published by Cambridge University, sought to answer a deceptively simple question: What does it mean to live faithfully as a Muslim in Britain today?" Read more. The entire report can be downloaded here.

 

 

yearbook_of_muslims_in_europeNy årbog om islam i Europa

En stribe europæiske islamforskere, blandt dem danske Jørgen S. Nielsen,der er chefredaktør på bogen, har netop udgivet første udgave af årbogen "Yearbook of Muslims in Europe" forlaget Brill. Bogen indeholder oplysninger om muslimer i 37 europæiske lande. En af bogens oplysninger er, at muslimerne i dag udgør mellem 3 og 3,3 % af befolkningen i Europa. Læs mere. Årbogen beretter om forholdet mellem islam og staten i hver af landene, om spørgsmål om moskeer, begravelsesplaser, ligesom landets lovgivning relateret til muslimer behandles. Læs mere om bogens indhold her. Læs artikel i Kristeligt Dagblad om bogen her.

 

 

Kirkens møde med muslimer i fællesskab, diakoni og forkyndelseislamkursus-MF

Den 24. - 28. august 2009 afholdes et kursus om islam på Menighedsfakultetet i Århus. Arrangørerne er ud over MF, KIVIK, Tværkulturelt Center, IMs tværkulturelle arbejde og Folkekirke og Religionsmøde. Hovedforelæser er Mogens s. Mogensen. Desuden medvirker bl.a. Kurt Villads Jensen og Kurt Christensen. Ud over en gennemgang af islams lære, praksis og historie vil der på dette kursus blive fokuseret på mødet mellem muslimer og kristne i histoire og nutid, og herunder også på kristnes mission blandt muslimer og muslimers 'mission' blandt kristne. Læs mere .

 

 

Islams ansigter i Afrika.

blue_mosque_fatima.gifIslam er en religion som også i Afrika har mange ansigter. Der er ikke altid skarpe grænser mellem disse forskellige former for islam, og den enkelte muslim kan være præget af flere strømninger samtidig. Fx. kulturislam, traditionel islam, konservativ islam, moderne islam, sufi-islam, folkeislam, militant islam. Læs hele artiklen af Mogens S. Mogensen her.

On-line tidsskrifter om islam og kristendom

Læs Tiddskrift for Islamforskning her.
Læs St. Francis Magazine her.'

Kristisk islam-konference i Tyskland

Under overskriften "Oplyse i stedet for tilsløre" har der den 31. maj - 1. juni 2008 i Køln været afholdt en islamkritisk konference om islam som politisk udfordring. Intellektuelle, kunstnere og ex-muslimer Giordano og Walraff har her taget et opgør med venstrefløjens forsigtige holdning overfor radikal islam. Besøg konferencen website her, og læs sluterklæring her.

A Common Word - og reaktionercommonword.gif

138 muslimske ledere fra hele verden har skrevet et brev til paven og lederne af alle kirker med appel om dialog for fred:A Common Word
Officiel website for brevet.
Respons & kommentar:
Yale-professorer.
ELCA/LWF præsident
Anglikansk ærkebiskop
Dudley Woodberry, Fuller
New York Times BBC

Dansk oversættelse af "A Common Word" kan læses her.
Mogensen.religonblog.dk
Kristeligt Dagblad -debat
Svar fra Danske Kirkers Råd.
Svar fra en gruppe (islam-kritiske) danske præster.
Kommentar til danske præsters svar fra M. S. Mogensen.
Svar fra fire biskopper.

luther.gifIslam i Europa - en interaktiv oversigt

Hvor mange muslimer er der i de enkelte lande i Europa? Hvor mange procent af befolkningen? Hvad er forhistorien? Hvordan er deres etniske sammensætning? Få svar på disse spørgsmål på denne interaktive side: Islam in Europe.

Who Speaks for Islam? What a Billion Muslims Really Think

John Esposito og Dalia Mogahed har interviewet 50.000 muslimer i 35 lande, der repræsenterer mere end 90 % af verdens 1,3 milliarder muslimer, om hvad de virkelig tænker og føler, religiøst og politisk. Undersøgelsen afkræfter mange af myterne om muslimer. Læs mere. Desmond Tutu om bogen: "In these fraught days of heightened tension and increasing hostility, few books could be more timely". .Læs mere. Desmond Tutu om bogen: "In these fraught days of heightened tension and increasing hostility, few books could be more timely".

Kristen-muslimsk fælleserklæring

20.-23. oktober 2008 afholdtes i Mechelen iBelgien en europæisk konference, der vedtog erklæringen "At være borger i Europa og en troend person: Kristne og muslimer som aktive partnere i europæiske samfund". Heri anerkendes bl.a. retten til at skifte religion eller ikke at have nogen religion.Læs mere.

 

Resourcer ang. Islam
blue_mosque_court.gif

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


På denne sektion af websitet er flg. resourcer vedr. islam tilgængelige:

  • Artikler om islam af Mogens S. Mogensen
  • Artikler om dialog af Mogens S. Mogensen
  • On-line artikler på dansk om islam - ER IKKE OPDATERET - DVS. DER ER LINKS DER IKKE LÆNGERE FUNGERER
  • On-line artikler på engelsk om islam - ER IKKE OPDATERET - DVS. DER ER LINKS DER IKKE LÆNGERE FUNGERER
  • Links om islam - ER IKKE OPDATERET - DVS. DER ER LINKS DER IKKE LÆNGERE FUNGERER
  • Billeder
  • Islamisk teologisk undervisning - ER IKKE OPDATERET - DVS. DER ER LINKS DER IKKE LÆNGERE FUNGERER
  • Undervisning om islam - ER IKKE OPDATERET - DVS. DER ER LINKS DER IKKE LÆNGERE FUNGERER

Klik på undermenupunkterne i menuen til højre på skærmen.

 

 

Østligt inspireret religiøsitet og spiritualitetvaranasi_offering.gif

Folkekirke og Religionsmøde har i hhv. efteråret 2007 og foråret 2008 gennemført to lytterunder blandt hhv. mennesker, som er inspireret af østlig religiøsitet og spiritualitet, og præster og andre kirkelige medarbejdere, som gennem mange år har været i kontakt med disse nyåndelige miljøer. Resultatet af disse lytterunder er fremlagt i rapporterne "Tro i tiden" og "Tro i lære".

Mollerup-Degn, Lars & M. S. Mogensen & Leif Vestergaard, Tro i tiden. Lytterunde blandt mennesker inspireret af østlig religiøsitet og spiritualitet (2008)
Resultatet af en lytterunde foretaget af Folkekirke og Religionsmøde og Areopagos blandt buddhister, hinduer, teosoffer mv. i Danmark. Download rapport Download.

Artikler om rapporten "Tro i tiden"tro_i_tiden_lytterunde.gif

Lars Mollerup-Degn, "Troen kommer af det der erfares"
Kronik i Kristeligt Dagblad 4. marts 2008. Download.

Morten Rasmussen, "Danskere laver religiøs helgardering"
Artikel i Kristeligt Dagblad 4. marts. Download.

Camilla Kragh, "Folkekirken lytter til Buddha.
Artikel i Kristeligt Dagblad 4. marts. Download.

Morten Thomsen Højsgaard, "Ny religiøsitet".
"Folkekirken har lyttet nok til religiøse udfordrere. Nu skal der handling til."Leder i Kristeligt Dagblad 4. marts. Download.

Mogens S. Mogensen, "De søgende vender sig mod østens spiritualitet".
Blogindlæg den 7. marts. Download.

Anna Marie Aagaard, Anmeldelse af "Tro i tden"
Download.

Anna Marie Aagaard, "Om "kristnes enhed" og "verden sætter dagsordenen"
Foredrag holdt af AMA for Sveriges Kristne Råd i april 2008. Download.

Heidi Marie Lindekleiv, "Slik kan kirken kapre de søkende"
Artikel i Vårt Land. Download.


Thorsten Asbjørn Lauritsen, "Meditation og karmatænkning på direktionsgangen"
Artikel i Ingeniøren. Download.

Thorsten Asbjørn Lauritsen, "Nirvana på direktionsgangen.tro_i_laere.gif
Artikel i Ingeniøren. Download.

Svend Løbner, "Kristne bør træde i karakter"
Nyhedsbrevet Søndag Morgen 27. februar. Download.

Leif Asmark Jensen, "Folkekirken har et problem"
Blog-indlæg af Hare Krishna-tilhænger med udgangspunkt i ovennævnte lytterunde. Download.

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Berit Schelde Christensen & Lars Mollerup-Degn & Mogens S. Mogensen & Leif Vestergaard, Tro i lære. Lytterunde. Folkekirkens møde med tidens åndelige strømninger (2008)
Resultatet af en lytterunde foretaget af Folkekirke og Religionsmøde blandt præster og kirkelige medarbejdere, som har arbejdet i grænselandet mellem kristendom østlig religiøsitet og spiritualitet i Danmark. Download.

Many Americans Mix Multiple Faiths (2009)
A new Pew Foundation report the researches state that, "The religious beliefs and practices of Americans do not fit neatly into conventional categories. A new poll by the Pew Research Center's Forum on Religion & Public Life finds that large numbers of Americans engage in multiple religious practices, mixing elements of diverse traditions. Many say they attend worship services of more than one faith or denomination -- even when they are not traveling or going to special events like weddings and funerals. Many also blend Christianity with Eastern or New Age beliefs such as reincarnation, astrology and the presence of spiritual energy in physical objects." Read more.

 

Google Buddhisme

Fisher-Nielsen, Peter, "Fra google buddhisme til wiki-kristendom" (Religion.dk, den 7. november 2011).
Download.

Højsgaard, Morten Thomsen, "Danskerne er i gang med at skifte tro". Kristeligt Dagblad, den 17. jun  2009.
"En ny form for buddhisme tilpasset Vestens individualisme er ved at få et solidt tag i danskerne i en stille, men stor og vigtig religiøs reformation. Det er meget lang tid siden, det religiøse landskab i Danmark har forandret sig så meget som netop i disse år. Kristeligt Dagblad samler og analyserer trådene fra serien "Østen i Vesten"". Download.

Højsgaard, Morten Thomsen, Den tredje reformation - fra statskristendom til google-buddhisme (Kristeligt Dagbalds forlag 2011)
Et uddrag af bogen er tilgængeligt. Download.

 

 

Eckhard Tolle
Læs mere.

Islamkritisk netværk

Omkring 60 folkekirkepræster med Katrine Vinkel Holm og Torben Reinhold Rasmussen har dannet et islamkritisk netværk. Blandt netværkets synspunkter er

  • islams Gud er ikke den samme som kristendommens Gud
  • det er folkekirkens opgave at forholde sig kritisk til islam, evt. bekæmpe islam som et kætteri
  • folkekirkens opgave er at drive mission blandt muslimer, men ikke at indgå i dialog med muslimer.

Oprettelsen af netværket har fremkaldt en intens debat mellem præster, teologer mv.

 

Annette Molin Schmidt, "Islamkritisk Netværk".
"Det giver ingen mening, at sige, at vi har den samme Gud, det er en banal teologisk kendsgerning. Religionsdialogen er farlig, når man i et misforstået forsøg på at skabe en god stemning, forholder muslimen evangeliet", udtaler Henrik Frost, der er medlem af netværket.  Læs mere.

Leif Kiil Sørensen, "Kendte teologer i islamkritisk netværk"
"Højskolemanden Niels Højlund og tv-kommentatoren Sørine Godtfredsen er blandt medlemmerne i nyt islamkritisk netværk af teologer, som ønsker at slå fast, at kristne og muslimer ikke tror på den samme gud " Læs mere.

Liste over præster i islamkritisk netværk.
Læs mere.

Lars Henriksen, Islamkritisk netværk på vej i folkekirken.
Læs mere.

Viggo Mortensen, Præster trækker fronter op i islamdebat.
Læs mere.

Bente Clausen, Afstanden mellem muslimer og kristne skal være kortere.
"I forhold til religionsdialog, også i Danmark, gælder det om at vide, hvor vi har hinanden. Mit syn på tolerance er, at det er den højst tilladte afstand mellem to maskindele. Det gælder også i forholdet mellem mennesker. Derfor skal vi vide, hvor vi har os selv som kristne, og hvor vi har de andre. Afstanden må ikke blive for stor. Det er en god lære af Muhammed-krisen, at det er nødvendigt med et netværk," udtaler biskop Sten Skovsgaard.  Læs mere.

Theodor Jørgensen, "Det er den samme Gud"
"Jeg gjorde gældende, at Islamkritisk netværks store teologiske fejltagelse er, at de benægter, at jøder, kristne og muslimer tilbeder den samme Gud, nemlig Abrahams og Isaks og Jakobs Gud. Man går med denne benægtelse op imod både Det Gamle og Det Nye Testamentes understregning af, at den Gud, som er jødernes og de kristnes Gud, er alle folkeslags Gud." Læs mere.

Arne Lund, "Til fætter- og kusinefest hos Søren Krarup". Information 13. juni 2006.
!At vi står overfor stridslystne kristne, vidner deltagerlisten om. Af 60 navne er de 11 i familie med Søren Krarup og Jesper Langballe. 23 er med i den dybt konservative Tidehvervsbevægelse. Der er flere medlemmer af Dansk Folkeparti, eller fra Venstres ultraliberalistiske fløj og CEPOS. Andre kendisser er Sørine Godtfredsen, Niels Højlund og anti-islamisten Rolf Slot-Henriksen, og så er der et par stykker, der er med i Lars Hedegårds Trykkefrihedsselskab blandt andet Katrine Winkel Holm." Læs mere.

Leif Kiil Sørensen, "Eks-biskopper bag islam-kritik". Kristeligt Dagblad 21. juni 2006.
"På kun en måned har Islamkritisk Netværk fået tilslutning fra 100 teologer og præster, og nu melder to grundtvigske biskopper sig også som medlemmer. De to nye, prominente medlemmer er salmedigteren Johannes Johansen, som har været biskop i Helsingør, og tidligere Århus-biskop Herluf Eriksen, som blandt andet var ophavsmand til den populære ordning med undervisning af minikonfirmander." Læs mere.

Ole Larsen, "Nyt præstenetværk afviser dialog med islam". Kristeligt Pressebureau.
"Også uden for folkekirken vækker Islamkritisk Netværk forundring. Organisationen FrikirkeNet, som er et netværk af cirka 100 frikirker, kalder initiativet uhensigtsmæssigt i forhold til mission blandt muslimer. ”Vi skal naturligvis ikke være blåøjede og kun fokusere på lighederne mellem kristen¬dom og islam, men starter vi dialogen med at kritisere modparten, har vi lukket mulighe¬den for mission,” siger pressekoordinator i FrikirkeNet Svend Løbner." Læs mere.

Mette Klingsey, "Danske præster har været for blødsødne over for islam". Information 27. maj 2006
"Talsmand for Muslimer i Dialog, Zubair Butt Hussain, byder præsternes ønske om at skære igennem velkommen. Men han advarer mod at skabe unødig distance mellem de religiøse samfund og ærgrer sig over, at dialoginitiativer skal skydes ned." Læs mere.

Rikke Just, "Dialog fremmer missionen" Folkekirken i København 2. juni 2006.
"Andreas Christensen er ikke enig i netværkets kritik af de dialogsøgende folkekirkepræster. – Jo mere dialog og åbenhed, jo mere positiv PR for folkekirken, siger han og tilføjer: – Hvis islam skulle være en trussel for Danmark, må det kunne formuleres sikkerhedspolitisk og løses af dem, der har med det at gør”. Det, folkekirken kan gøre, mener han til gengæld, er, at erkende, at den ikke er en statskirke med monopol på danskernes religiøse observans." Læs mere.              

Niels Thomsen, "Der er forskel på gudsbilledet" - Kristeligt Dagblad den 21. juni 2006
"Det ville gavne samtalen, hvis Thomas Reinholt Rasmussen i stedet for at tale om flere guder ville skelne imellem at tale sandt eller falsk om Gud." Læs mere.    

Islam og kristen-muslimske relationer

On-line tidsskrift om islam

Læs Tiddskrift for Islamforskning her.

 

Kritisk islamkonference i Tyskland

Under overskriften "Oplyse i stedet for tilsløre" har der den 31. maj - 1. juni 2008 i Køln været afholdt en islamkritisk konference om islam som politisk udfordring. Intellektuelle, kunstnere og ex-muslimer Giordano og Walraff har her taget et opgør med venstrefløjens forsigtige holdning overfor radikal islam. Besøg konferencen website her, og læs sluterklæring her.

 

A Common Word

138 muslimske ledere fra hele verden har skrevet et brev til paven og lederne af alle kirker med appel om dialog for fred:A Common Word
Officiel website for brevet.
Respons & kommentar:
Yale-professorer.
ELCA/LWF præsident
Anglikansk ærkebiskop
Dudley Woodberry, Fuller
New York Times     BBC

Danske reaktioner på "A Common Word"

Dansk oversættelse af "A Common Word" kan læses her.
Mogensen.religonblog.dk 
Kristeligt Dagblad -debat
Svar fra Danske Kirkers Råd.
Svar fra en gruppe (islam-kritiske) danske præster.
Kommentar til danske præsters svar fra M. S. Mogensen.
Svar fra fire biskopper.


 

To bøger på engelsk om forholdet mellem muslimer og kristne

"Bridges instead of Walls", red. af Lissi Rasmussen og m. artikel af M. S. Mogensen, er blevet til som afslutning på et treårs studieprojekt om konflikt og brobygning mellem muslimer og kristne i Danmrk, Nigeria og Indonesien. Læs mere. "From Cartoon Crisis to Headscarf Row", af M. S. Mogensen, bl.a. om tegningekriste og tørklædedebat i Danmark.

 


Læs mere. Læs anmeldelse af bogen her.

National dialogkonference mellem muslimske og kristne ledere i København

40 kristneog muslimske ledere har  den 1.-2. september været samlet til konference om medborgerskab og naboskab og om etablering af et nationalt samtaleforum.

   

Se artikel i Kristeligt Dagblad og i Jyllands-Posten. Læs artikel i DR. Se billedserie. Se pressemeddelelse med konklusion på konferencen og deltagerliste. Download rapport. Læs pressemeddelelse her.

Muhammed - krisen

Skaf dig et overblik over Muhammed-krisen og holdningerne til den her. Muhammed-krisen dag for dag., klik her. Reaktioner på Muhammed-tegningerne her. Et biskoppeligt "hyrdebrev".

 


 

Luthersk erklæring om forholdet til muslimer

"Beyond Toleration. Toward Deepter relations with Muslims" er titlen på et budskab fra en konsultation, som blev afholdt af det Lutherske Verdensforbund i Breklum, Tyskland, i december 2006. Læs mere.

 

Islam i Europa - en interaktiv oversigt

Hvor mange muslimer er der i de enkelte lande i Europa? Hvor mange procent af befolkningen? Hvad er forhistorien? Hvordan er deres etniske sammensætning? Få svar på disse spørgsmål på denne interaktive side: Islam in Europe.

 

Tro og medborgerskab - mellem muslimer og kristne i Afrika

Lederen af Project for Christian Muslim Relations in Africa, Johnson Mbillah giver et afrikansk bud på, hvordan kristne og muslimer kan leve sammen og arbejde sammen. Læs mere.

 

 

 

Diapraksis for fred og forsoning

Det Lutherske Verdensforbund har udgivet et spændende materiale "Diapraxis for Peace and Reconciliation", med perspektiver fra alle verdensdele på forholdet mellem kristendommen, islam og andre religioner. Læs mere.

 

Religion in the Public Sphere

habermas-speaker.gif

The ongoing secularization and the presence of the very public religion of Islam in Western societies have raised the question about religion in the public sphere.

 

Online litterature


Habermas, Jürgen, "Die Dialektik der Säkularisierung"

Habermas sagt, das sowohl für den religiöse Traditionalismus als für der Säkularismus ist ein Lernprozess nötig:" Wenn alles gut gehen soll, müssen sich also beide Seiten, jeweils aus ihrer Sicht, auf eine Interpretation des Verhältnisses von Glauben und Wissen einlassen, die ihnen ein selbstreflexiv aufgeklärtes Miteinander möglich macht." Download.

Holtug, Niels: "Videnskabet: Religion i det offentlige rum". Uniavisen, den 29. august 2008.
Download.

Kritisk Forum for Paktisk Teologi 109 - Oktober 2007. Religion i det offentlige rum.
Download.

LG Insight, Undersøgelse af religion på det danske arbejdsmarked. Ministriet for flygtninge, indvandrere og integration, dec. 2007
Download.

Lindberg, Jonas, Religion in Nordic Politics as a Means to Societal Cohesion: An Empirical Study on Party Platforms and Parliamentary Debates 1988-2012. Doctoral Dissertation from University of Uppsala. 2015.
Jonas Lindberg skriver: "Religion som identitetsmarkör är ett centralt tema i min avhandling ... Avhandlingen ingår i forskningsprojektet NOREL, genom vilket ett 20-tal religionssociologer har studerat religiös förändring i Norden med ett särskilt fokus på årtalen 1988, 1998 och 2008." Download. Resume af afhandlingen på svensk. Download. Interview med forfatter i Kristeligt Dagblad. Download.

Porsdam, Helle, "Politisk religion kan hjælpe menneskerettighederne på vej". Uni-avisen.
"Med sine tanker om en civil religion – en religion, som har både en rent religiøs og også en politisk dimension – havde sociologen Robert Bellah fat i noget, som er værd at tage op igen." Download.

Roy, Olivier, "The Crisis of the Secular State and the New Forms of Religious Expression"
In this article Oliver Roy states that "The Islamic world is not alone in being affected by changes in the relationship between religion and politics". Download.

Spencer, Nick,  "'Doing God'. A Future for Faith in the Public Square" (2006).
Report from the Christian (Ecumenical thinktank Theos on the role of religion in the punlic square. Download.

Spencer,Nick  "Neither Private nor Privileged. The Role of Christianity in Britain Today" (2008).
Report from the Christian (Ecumenical thinktank Theos on the role of religion in the punlic square Download.

Willaime, Jean-Paul, "Le sismographe de nos interrogations identitaires" (Le Monde Dec. 4, 2009)
Jean-Paul Willaime, who is the director of the European Insitute of Religious Science at the Sorbonne University in France concludes  about secularisation and religion: "Ces édifices monumentaux et voyants expriment dans la pierre la plus ou moins grande acceptation sociale d'un culte. Dans "cette optique, les minarets ou même la construction de mosquées en général peuvent être perçus comme ostentatoires - la religion musulmane venant heurter des imaginaires nationaux qui n'ont pas évacué toute dimension religieuse, ne serait-ce que sous forme patrimoniale.Il est évident que nombreux - et pas seulement à l'extrême droite - sont ceux qui instrumentalisent les stéréotypes et les peurs associés à l'islam au nom de la laïcité ou la dimension chrétienne des nations d'Europe. Ce n'est ni en brandissant cette dernière ni au nom d'une laïcité d'exclusion du fait religieux que l'on pourra sortir de la construction mentale d'un scénario de clash des civilisations, mais en pratiquant une laïcité de reconnaissance et de dialogue.Mais, à l'heure des incertitudes identitaires qui font de tout un chacun un déraciné, certains peuvent être tentés d'ethniciser les identités religieuses, qu'elles soient chrétiennes ou musulmanes. Quant au laïcisme de tous ceux qui diabolisent l'islam au nom de la laïcité, ils ne fait que défendre une culture chrétienne sécularisée avec pour conséquence le clash des civilisations. C'est bien plutôt d'une laïcité raisonnée et raisonnable, à la fois intransigeante et accommodante, que l'Europe a besoin. En France, cela signifie une laïcité de reconnaissance et de dialogue, dépassant une catho-laïcité entretenant sur le plan de la culture symbolique le privilège ancien du culte majoritaire." Download.

Wold, Mikkel, "Man kan ikke ignorere religion i politik". Information, 20. februar 2010.
Om Wolfgang Schäubles bøger, "Religion er ikke nogen privatsag" og "Har samfundet brug for religion?", der er udgivet i serien "Berliner Reden zur Religionspolitik". Download.

 

Conferences

Conference on "Religion in the Public Sphere" in Aarhus May 2008
International Conference at the Faculty of Theology, University of Aarhus May 14 - 16 2008. Read more.

 

 

Links

Eurozine - Focal Point: Post-secular Europe
This website brings together online articles from Europe's leading cultural magazines, in this case a large number of significant articles on post-secular Europe written by some of the most important scholars in this field. Read more.

 

Interreligiøs dialog

kristne_muslimer.gif

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Litteratur om dialog
Forståelsen af dialog og holdningen til dialog varierer meget,og der er udgivet en række forskellige vejledninger og principper omkring dialog. Kirkernes Verdensråd udgav allerede i 1979 sin vejledning om dialog, og i Danmark har Areopagos, IKON og flere andre organisationer udviklet deres egen dialogforståelse. Læs mere.

Links til danske og internationale dialogfora.
Dialogcentret og IKON  er kristne organisationer, som især arebejder med dialog med mennesker med en New Age eller asiatiske religiøs baggrund. Islamisk Kristent Studiecenter er, som navnet siger, en organisation etableret (i 1996) af kristne og muslimer for at fremme dialogen mellem muslimer og kristne. På den internationale scene er det Kirkernes Verdensråd, som længst har arbejdet med dialog. Læs mere.

Dialog konferencer
Læs mere.

Links om islam

På denne side præsenteres links om islam og mødet mellem islam og kristendom.

 

Sekulare websites med information islam

CMS. Islam på nettet
En spændende netresource udviklet af pluralismeprojektet under Center for Multireligiøse Stuider på Teologisk Fakultet, Aarhus Universitet, i forbindelse med udgivelsen af Len Kühles bog, Moskeer i Danmark.

DR-Muslimer i Danmark
Danmarks Radios meget omfattende samling af artikler, resourcer, udsendelser, links mv. om muslimer i Danmark.

BBC Religion & Ethics - Islam
BBCs website om islam indeholder en bred vifte af oplysninger om islams historie, dogmatik, helligdage, retninger, ritualer,etik, konversion, kunst og arkitetktur mv. 

Forum for Islamforskning
Forum for Islamforskning (FIFO) har til formål at giver forsker mv. som arbejder med islam og muslimer i Danmark, mulighed for at koordinere deres indsats og lade sig inspirere af hinandens arbejde. Websitet indeholder bl.a. et on-linetidsskrift og mange interessante materialer og links.

Carsten Niebuhr Instituttet
Carsten Niebuhr Instituttet, der hører ind Kbh. Univ., beskæftiger sig med Den Nære Orient i oldtid og nutid og dermed også med islam. Det er det største universitetsinstitut af sin art i Skandinavien. 

Dele af koranen på dansk

Euro-Islam Info
Euro-Islam.info is an active network of over forty researchers and scholars who conduct comparative research on Islam and Muslims in the West and disseminate key information to politicians, media, and the public.

Koranen på engelsk
Yusuf Alis meget anerkendte oversættelse.

Muslimsk Populærikonografi
En interessant hjemmeside til projektet "Muslimske religiøse populærbilder" ved Seksjon for religionsvitenskap, Universitetet i Bergen.

Religion-On-line.org - Islam
Artikler på engelsk om islam - af anerkendte akademikere - klar til at downloade.


Muslimske websites med oplysninger om islam

Islam.dk
En af de mest spændende muslimske websites i på dansk er islam.dk. Denne website redigeres af Fatih Alev, der er formand for Foreningen af Muslimske Studerende og imam i en moske på Vesterbro i København. Islam.dk indeholder både spændende oplysninger om islam, artikler og dele af koranen i dansk oversættelse. Danmarks Forenede Cybermuslimer er en mailingliste, hvor der foregår en meget interessant debat mellem unge danske muslimer. Kristne har også mulighed for at melde sig på denne mailingliste og deltage i drøftelserne.

Islam in Europe
Blog operated by "Esther" about Islam in Europe.

Islamisk Studiebogssamling
Foreningen, hvis formand er Aminah Tønnsen, har til formål at formidle nuanceret og fordomsfri viden om islam og forholdet mellem islam og andre religioner, og at bygge bro og fremme forståelse, respekt og dialog mellem menensker med forskellig religiøs og kulturel baggrund. Foreningens website indeholder bl.a. en stor mængde interessante artikler og omvendelseshistorier.

Islamworld.net
A categorised listing of useful links on Islam, its beleifs and practises; includes
Salafi and Arab-owned Islamic resources. I also contains introductions for potential and new Muslims.

Islam.de
Islam er den mest besøgte islam-website i Tyskland. Indeholder utroligt mange interessante informationer.

Al-Islam
Dette engelsksprogede site drives af medlemmer af Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project og har til formål at præsentere islamiske ressourcer relateret til historie, lov, islamisk samfund og religion med særlig vægt på shiitisk (tolver) teologi. Sitet indeholder også omvendelsesberetninger.

La Médina
Et fransksproget website, der primært præsenterer tidsskriftet La Médina, der har til formål at være en platform for information, refleksion og debat mellem forskellige muslimske samfund i Frankrig og Europa.


Muslimske organisationers web sites

Muslimernes Fællesråd.
Den største muslimske paraplyorganisation, hvis medlemsorganisationer har omkring 45.000 medlemmer.

Dansk Islamisk Råd
Det danske Islamiske Råd er en selvejende dansk islamisk velgørenhedsinstitution som er medstifter af Unionen af de Islamiske organisationer i Europa.  "Federation of Islamic Organizations in Europe".

Muslimer i Dialog
"Foreningens formål er at engagere de etniske minoriteter, herunder muslimske borgere i socialt og samfundsgavnlige arbejde for at fremme den enkeltes og fællesskabets trivsel med henblik på opnåelse af en gunstig tilværelse i det danske samfund."

Islamiske missionsorganisationer
Se den omfattende liste over islamiske organisationer, som fokuserer på mission.

Secular Islam
Website for udviklingen af en sekular islam præget af oplysningstidens idealer.


Websites om dialog mellem muslimer og kristne

Islamisk Kristent Studiecenter (IKS)
IKS er et center, etableret af muslimer og kristne i fællesskab, for dialog mellem muslimer og kristne. Formand og næstformand for IKS er hhv. Lissi Rasmussen og Safet Bektovic. Websitet indeholder bl.a. en orientering om centrets aktiviteter og en række artikler om forholdet mellem islam og kristendom.


Kristne websites om islam og forholdet mellem muslimer og kristne

CIBEDO
"CIBEDO ist die Fachstelle der Deutschen (Katolischen) Bischofskonferenz mit der Aufgabe, den interreligiösen Dialog zwischen Christentum und Islam, sowie das Zusammenleben von Christen und Muslimen zu fördern. CIBEDO ist die Abkürzung für "Christlich-islamische Begegnung - und Dokumentationsstelle" in Frankfurt am Main"

Kristent Informations og Videnscenter om Islam og Kristendom (KIVIK)
KIVIK er et folkekirkeligt videnscenter, der har til formål at oplyse om islam og kristendom at inspirere til mission blandt muslimer. Formand er Aage Nielsen og daglig leder er Peter Fischer-Nielsen. Websietet indeholder en række ressourcer om islam og forholdet mellem islam og kristendom, inkl. en spørgebrevkasse.

isamasih.dk
Isamasih.dk er en kristen hjemmeside, der ønsker at introducere muslimer til Jesus Kristus. På hjemmesiden findes der en gennemgang af, hvad hhv. Koranen og Bibelen (injil, nabi, zabur og tawrat) siger om, hvem Jesus var/er, samt en række artikler om forholdet mellem islam og kristendom.

isamasih.dk
Dette website henvender sig til muslimer mhp at introducere dem for evangeliernes Jesus Kristus, som muslimerne kender fra Koranen under navnet Isa. Sitet indeholder korte artikler om kristendommen og forskellen mellem kristendom og islam og en række relevante links. Et af disse links er isamasih.net, som tilsyneladende har dannet forbillede for det danske site.

isamasih.net

 

Tysk fortegnelse over links


Islam i kunst og fotos

Introduktion til islamisk kunst
En udmærket længere introduktionstekst til islamisk kunst i de forskellige periode af Linda Komaroff. Oprindeligt udarbejdet til en større udstilling om islamisk kunst i Los Angeles County Museum of Art.  Klik her.

Fotos af muslimer og moskeer i Danmark og udlandet
Fotografen Ahmed Krausen præsenterer på sin hjemmeside en række kvalitetsbilleder af moskeer, muslimer mv. Ahmed Krausen, der er født i Tyskland i 1955 og konverterede til islam i 1992, er professionel fotograf. Klik her.

Billeder af islam
Surfguide på religion.dk til billeder af islam. Klik her.

Islam i kunst og fotos

Introduktion til islamisk kunst
En udmærket længere introduktionstekst til islamisk kunst i de forskellige periode af Linda Komaroff. Oprindeligt udarbejdet til en større udstilling om islamisk kunst i Los Angeles County Museum of Art.  Klik her.

Fotos af muslimer og moskeer i Danmark og udlandet
Fotografen Ahmed Krausen præsenterer på sin hjemmeside en række kvalitetsbilleder af moskeer, muslimer mv. Ahmed Krausen, der er født i Tyskland i 1955 og konverterede til islam i 1992, er professionel fotograf. Klik her.

Billeder af islam
Surfguide på religion.dk til billeder af islam. Klik her.

Kursus om islam i Hundige

Facts om kurset

Præsentation af kursus.
Kursusplan
Underviser - CV og publikationsliste
Skriv til underviser

Bliv klogere på islam - og din egen kristentro

Der er endnu ledige pladser på kurset.  Tilmelding på mail til Hanne Hummelshøj: Denne e-mail adresse bliver beskyttet mod spambots. Du skal have JavaScript aktiveret for at vise den. med oplysninger om: navn, sogn, præst/sognemedhjælper/andet, telefon og e-mail.

Søgefunktion til koranen.

 

Den kristnes møde med muslimen 

Mødet med muslimer er en udfordring til tydning og tydeliggørelse af kristendommen ud fra det centrale i kristendommen, inkarnationen, korset og treenigheden, og til medvandring med vore muslimske venner og naboer. Læs mere.

 



Sammen med Koranen kursets grundbog.
Anmeldelse i Information

On-line resourcer

Islams tekster 

Windows for Understanding 
Indeholder leksikon, ordforklaringer, oversigtsartikler mv. (omhandler både islam og jødedom!) 

Ordliste
Forklaringer på dansk af en række centrale arabiske teologiske termer.

 

 

Forberedelsesmaterialer og efterfølgende oversigter til hver kursusdag

Torsdag, den 8. februar

Torsdag, den 8. marts

Torsdag, den 29. marts

Torsdag, den 12. april

Fredag, den 27. april

Torsddag, den 3. maj

Torsdag den 24. maj

 

 

Muhammed-krisen version 2.0?

Den 12.  febr. meddelte politiets efterretningstjeneste, at de havde afsløret tre muslimers planer om at dræbe den karikaturtegner, som havde tegnet Muhammed med en bombe i turbanen. To tunesere og en dansk statsborger var blevet arresteret. De to tunesere kræves udvist, mens den danske statsborger sættes på fri fod. Den 13. februar optrykte 17 danske aviser Jyllands-Postens én eller flere af Jyllands-Postens karikaturtegninger i solidaritet med den truede tegner. Kort efter begyndte muslimer rundt om i verden at protestere, demonstre og true med boykot af danske varer.

Danske aviser i fælles front for ytringsfriheden - Kristeligt Dagblad den 13. februar 2008
"Når danske avislæsere i dag åbner dagens avis, vil mange støde på en tegning af profeten Muhammed med en bombe i turbanen. En landsdækkende presse har nemlig valgt at bakke op om ytringsfriheden og Jyllands-Postens mordtruede tegner, Kurt Westergaard, ved at genoptrykke hans karikaturtegning af Muhammed." Læs mere

"Muhammed-krisen version 2.0?" Blog-indlæg af M. S. Mogensen den 15. februar 2008
"Da jeg for et par måneder siden sad og lagde sidste hånd på en bog på engelsk om Muhammed-krisen i 2006, tænkte jeg, at nu måtte den høre til historien. Jeg valgte at kalde bogen ”From Cartoon Crisis to Headscarf Row”, da jeg anså konflikterne omkring karikaturtegningerne af profeten og omkring Asmaa Abdol-Hamids tørklæde for at være sammenhængende." Læs mere.

"Muhammedkrise - nu igen?" - Information den 16. februar
"Den mistænkte 40-årige dansk-marokkaner er allerede på fri fod, da anklagemyndigheden ikke ønsker at føre retssag mod ham. Imens står to tunesere midt i 20'erne til en såkaldt administrativ udvisning, da PET og integrationsminister Birthe Rønn Hornbech (V) anser dem for en fare for rigets sikkerhed." Læs mere

"Qaradawi Urges Calm Over Danish Cartoon"  - 17. februar
Sheikh Qaradawi opfordrer muslimer til at forholde sig roligt og rationelt i deres reaktion på genoptrykningen af Muhammedtegningerne. Qaradawi opfordrer til boykot af danske varer. Læs mere.

Ny bog om den første Muhammed-krise som baggrund for at forstå den anden Muhammed-krise
Mogens S. Mogensen har netop den 20. februar udgivet en ny bog på engelsk, "From Cartoon Crisis to Headscarf Row", som kommer på gaden netop som vi oplever en genoptagelse af Muhammed-krisen. Bogen analyserer både Muhammed-krisen og tørklædedebatten. Læs mere.

Norsk kirkes kritik af genoptrykningen af Muhammed-tegningerne - 20 februar
Norges Kristne Råd, Mellemkirkeligt Råd for Den Norske Kirke og Kirkens Nødhjelp har taget afstand fra publiceringen af karikaturtegningerne af Muhammed og fra truslerne mod en af karikaturtegningerne. Læs mere. Læs samme erklæring på engelsk.

Thomas Visborg, "Protest mod Muhammed-tegning samler over 1000". Jyllands-Posten 7. marts
Foreningen "Muslimer i Danmark", der er en nydannet gruppe, samler over 1000 til demonstration på Christiansborg Slotsplads. Læs mere.

Reuters, Bin Laden warns EU over prophet cartoons - 19. marts
På femårsdagen for startenpå krigen i Iraq udsender Osama Bin Laden et tape med en tale med titlen ""The Response Will Be What You See, Not What You Hear", der indeholder trusler mod Europa bl.a.pga. genoptrykningen af Muhammed-karikaturtegningerne. Læs mere.

 

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Kristeligt Dagblads temaside om "Læren af Muhammed-krisen" og den nye Muhámmed-krise.
Læs mere.

Religiøs fundamentalismefundamentalism.jpg

Mens ordet fundamentalisme siden begyndelsen af det 20. århundrede refererede til en bevægelse inden for protestantisk teologi omkring fundamentale dogmer i kristendommen og (senere) et bestemt bibelsyn, begyndte man i medierne og i forskningen fra omkring 1979 (Khomeinis revolution i Iran) at bruge betegnelsen om mange forskellige radikale, ekstremistiske og ofte også voldelige bevægelser inden for forskellige religioner og i mange forskellige kontekster. Efterhånden bruges ordet i flæng som et skældsord om mennesker og bevægelser, hvis standpunkter man ønsker at tage kraftigt afstand fra. Spørgsmålet er efterhånden, om brugen af ordet fundamentalisme bringer lys over en sag eller blot fortykker mørket? Så længe ordet bruges, og vi måske også selv bruger ordet, er vid nødt til at overveje en definition af det.

Hvad er religiøs fundemantalisme? Den store Danske Encyklopædis bud er, at fundamentalisme er "bogstavtro relgiøsitet, der kan være forbundet med et politisk og/eller ideologisk program". Gyldendals "Den danske Ordbog" går et skridt videre og sætter fundamentalisme i relation til modernismen. Fundamentalisme  er ”en retning inden for forskellige religioner, som anser de hellige skrifter for ufejlbarlige, udlægger dem bogstaveligt og bekæmper ethvert forsøg på tilpasning af skrifternes verdensbillede til det moderne samfund”. Harper Collins Dictionary of Religion går videre af samme vej og siger, at fundamentalisme er "the struggle against modernism by religious groups who claim the continued relevancy of earlier time periods for models of truth and value and reject what they perceive as forms of secularism".

Artikler om fundamentalisme

Bill Musk, "The Certainty Trap" (2008)
Bill Musk about his own book, "The Certainty Trap. Can Christians and Muslims afford the luxury of fundamentalism?" (Pasadena, CA: William Carey 2008) in St Francis Magazine Nr. 4 Vol. III (March 2008). Download .

 

Leksikonartikel
Indeholder en kort introduktion til emnet.

Mette Johnsen, Et (be-)greb om fundamentalisme
Denne artikel i det religionsvidenskabelige tidsskrift "Tabu" problematiserer vor brug af ordet fundamentalisme

Karen Armstrong, Fractured Fundamentalisms
Artikel om kristen, jødisk og islamisk fundamentalisme, skrevet af Karen Armstron, der er kendt for sine bøger om fundamentalisme i de store religioner, "A History of God" og "The Battle for God". Karen Armstrong er tidligere katolsk nonne, og nu underviser på Leo Baqeck College, et reform-jødisk seminarium i London.

Grant Wacker, The Rise of Fundamentalism
Artikel om kristen fundamentslisme, skrevet af hollandsk historiker.

Ron Miller & Reilly O´Conor, The FAces of Fundamentalism
Miller og O'Conor konkluderer i deres artikel i Interreligious Insigtht fra april 2005: "We need a "response to terrorism" as indeed to all fundamentalisms, based on listening and understanding. The volatile nature of our world ill affords aus the luxury of proceeding in the direction of dialogue at our leisure. The date on our calendar for beginning this new kind of response must read "today"".

Claus L. Mikkelsen, Gush Emunim - en analyse af en jødisk fundamentalistisk bosætterbevægelse
En analyse af jødisk fundamentalisme i perioden 1930 - 2000.

Martin Marty, The Future of World Fundamentalisms
Efter afslutningen af det 6-årige "Fundamentalism Project" forudser Martin Marty, der var leder af projektet, i en rapport i 1996 til The American Philosophical Society at  den militante fundamentalisme, der en gang hørte til i martinen af religionshistorien,får en central plads i krig, diplomati, økonomi mv.

Morten Thomsen Højsgaard, En religionssociologisk undersøgelse af det moderne fundamentalisme-begrebs indhold og anvendelighed.
En universitetsopgave i religionssociologi fra 1995, der undersøger det moderne fundamentalisme-begrebs indhold og anvendelighed.

Roald E. Kristiansen, Kritiske perspektiver på kristen fundamentalisme
IR. E. Kristiansen fra Institut for Religionsvidenskab, Universitetet i Tromsø, giver en indføring i den historiske baggrund for den kristne fundamentalisme som baggrund for en grundig filosofisk og teologisk analyse og kritik af den moderne kristne fundanemtalisme.

Bülent Diken & Carsten Bagge Lausten, At jagte sin egen skygge: Fundamentalisme og sikkerhedspolitik
"Vis mig din fjende, og jeg skal fortælle dig, hvem du er. Denne artikel analyserer den symbiotiske relation mellem to samtidige fjender: mellem sikkerhedspolotiken og den islamiske fundamentalisme. Artiklen har som sit bærende argument, at disse to ordner provokerer, efterligner og i sidste instans støtter hinanden - og at dette primært har sin baggrund i begges quasireligiøse fundering".

Gert Wacker, The Rise of Fundamentalism. The National Humanities Center.
"
Generic fundamentalism refers to a global religious impulse, particularly evident in the twentieth century, that seeks to recover and publicly institutionalize aspects of the past that modern life has obscured. It typically sees the secular state as the primary enemy, for the latter is more interested in education, democratic reforms, and economic progress than in preserving the spiritual dimension of life. Generic fundamentalism takes its cues from a sacred text that stands above criticism."

Litteraturliste om fundamentalisme

 
  • Ali, Tariq, Fundamentalismernes sammenstød : korstog, jihad og modernitet. Informations Forlag, 2004. Læs anmeldelse.
  • Andersen, Lars Erslev: Muslimske fundamentalister, DUPI, 1997.
  • Armstrong, Karen: The Battle for God: Fundamentalism in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, Knopf, 2000. Læs anmeldelse.
  • Barr, James: Fundamentalism. 1977. Læs anmeldelse.
  • Cole, Stewart,The History of Fundamentalism. 1931
  • Fundamentalisme i religionerne. Mission. Nordisk Tidsskrift for Mission. Nr. 3. 1989
  • Hadden Geoffrey K. and Anson Shupe, "Secularization and Fundamentalism Reconsidered"
  • Kepel, Gilles. Gud tager revanche. Gyldendal. 1992.
  • Lawrence, Bruce B.; Defenders of God. The Fundamentalist Revolt Against Modern Age. San Francisco: Harper & Row Publishers1989
  • Marsden, George M. Fundamentalism and American Culture.1980
  •  
  • Marty, Martin and R. Scott Appleby. 1991. Fundamentalisms Observed . The Fundamentalism Project. Volume 1. Martin R. Marty and R. Scott Appleby. eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Marty, Martin and R. Scott Appleby. 1993. Fundamentalisms and Society . The Fundamentalism Project. Volume 2. Martin R. Marty and R. Scott Appleby. eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Marty, Martin and R. Scott Appleby. 1993. Fundamentalisms and the State . The Fundamentalisms Project. Volume 3. Martin R. Marty and R. Scott Appleby. eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Marty, Martin and R. Scott Appleby. 1994. Accounting for Fundamentalisms. The Fundamentalism Project. Volume 4. Martin R. Marty and R. Scott Appleby. eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Marty, Martin and R. Scott Appleby. 1995. Fundamentalisms Comprehended . The Fundamentalism Project. Volume 5. Martin R. Marty and R. Scott Appleby. eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Læs Marty's resume af resultaterne af forskningsprojektet efter dets afslutning. Læs anmeldelse.
  • Pedersen, Michael Bjørn: Hvad er fundamentalisme?, Arken, 1989.
  • Roy, Olivier: Skakmat. Politisk islam: Et alternativ for de muslimske samfund?, Eirene, 1993. Læs interview.
  • Meyer, Michael A.: Jewish Identity in the Modern World, University of Washington Press, 1990.

Links

  • Fundamentalism.dk
    Kunst- og dialogprojektet ’Abrahams børn’ er lavet af kunstneren Jens Galschiøt. Projektet tager udgangspunkt i skulpturen ’Fundamentalism’, der omhandler de tre monoteistiske religioner: Jødedommen, Kristendommen og Islam. Disse tre religioner kaldes ofte ’Bogens Folk’, og de anerkender alle Abraham som deres fælles stamfader, så man kan sige, at uenighederne imellem disse religioner er en slags familiestridigheder imellem ’Abrahams børn’.

Jødisk fundamentalisme

 

Hindu fundamentalisme

Kristen fundamentalisme

Islamisk fundamentalisme

 

Undervisning i islam og kristen-muslimske relationer

Nedenstående institutioner tilbyder undervisning på forskellige niveauer i islam og i forholdet mellem kristne og muslimer.leicester9sheikh.gif


Carsten Niebuhr Instituttet, Kbh. Univ.
Carsten Niebuhr Instituttet beskæftiger sig med Den Nære Orient i oldtid og nutid. Det er det største universitetsinstitut af sin art i Skandinavien. Hovedvægten ligger på sproglige, historiske, samfundsmæssige, religiøse og arkæologiske forhold. Instituttet hører ind under Det humanistiske Fakultet ved Københavns Universitet.

Afdeling for Religionsvidenskab, Teologisk Fakultet, Århus Universitet
Udbyder også undervisning om islam

Islamisk-kristent Studiecenter, Kbh.
IKS udbyder regelmæssigt kurser om islam og forholdet mellem islam og kristendom.

Internationale undervisningsinstitutioner
En oversigt over de vigtigste internationale tilbud om undervisning i islam og kristen-muslimske relationer.

Fakta om islamlilleklippemoske.jpg

 

Links til websites med fakta-sider om islam

BBC, "Islam"
Read more.

ReligionFacts. Just the facts of religion
Read more

 

Kort om islam mv.

40 kort over Mellemøsten.
Download.

 

Temaer om islam

Apostasi
Frafald fra islam. Klik her.

Islamistisk terrorisme
Mainstream islamisk teologi afviser terrorisme som uislamisk, men islamistiske ekstremister forsøger alligvel at legitimere deres terrorisme ud fra koranen. Klik her.

Politisk islam og islamisk politisk filosofi
Islamisk politisk filosofi, klik her.

Tørklæder mv: Kvinders påklædning i islam.

Illustrationer af forskellige slør: klik her.
Redegørelse på engelsk for islamisk baggrund for hijab: klik her.
Sherin Khankan om "Kravet om at bære tørklæder - og kvinders rettigheder". Klik her.

Islam og menneskerettigheder
Marie Juul Petersen, "Kan islam forenes med menneskerettighederne?" (Kristeligt Dagblad, den 2. december 2015)
Download.

 

 

 

Islams tekster - på nettetkoran-dansk.gif

Koranen
Ellen Wulfs oversættelse til dansk, med søgefunktion, klik her.
Yusuf Alis oversættelse til engelsk, klik her.
Koranen på engelsk oversat af Rodwell, med angivelse af åbenbaringstidspunkt: Klik her
Kronologisk opdeling af surer (fra Mekka og Medin),  Klik her -

Koranen og Bibelen - synoptisk sammenstillet
Bible Quran Synopsis. Klik her.
Islam and Christianity. The Quran vs. the Bible. Klik her.
Wikipedia: Biblical narratives and the Quran. Klik her.
Qur'an / Bible / Torah Comparison. Klik her.
Coranic and Biblical Narrations. Klik her.

Hadith
Al-Bukhari i engelsk oversættelse, klik her.
Muslim i engelsk oversættelse, klik her.
Søgefunktion i hadith, klik her.

Lovskoler
Maliki: Maliki ibn Abas, Muwatta, i engelsk oversættelse, klik her.
Tekster om islamisk lov. Klik her.

Tafsir - Kommentarer til Koranen
Ibn Kathir i engelsk oversættelse, klik her.
Sayyid Qutb, "In the Shade of the Qur'an", klik her.
Amer Ali, "A Brief Review of Classical and Modern Tafsir Trends and the Role of Modern Tafsir in Contemporary Islamic Thought" (2018)
Downloa

 

 

Ordbog over islamiske termer på engelsk, klik her.

On-line litteratur om islam og forholdet mellem muslimer og kristne


Brev fra 138 muslimer (2008)
Dansk oversættelse af "A Common Word" - foretaget af Lillian Kristensen, Den Katolske Kirke. Download.

Carré, Pierre-Mairie, "Hvordan taler kristne og muslimer om Gud?"
En erklæring fra de franske biskopper vedr. lærespørgsmål. Download.

CIBEDO, Christen und Muslime in Deutschland (2003)
Download.

Danske Kirkers Råd, "Svar fra Danske Kirkers Råd på Brev fra 138 muslimske religiøse ledere" (2008)
En tosiders respons fra Danske Kirkers Råd, der repræsenterer Folkekirken, frikirkerne og den katolske kirke, på brevet fra de 138 muslimske ledere. Svaret er enstemmigt vedtaget af rådet den 29. marts 2007. Download.

Evangelische Kirkche in Deutschland, "Klarhed og godt naboskab" (2006)
En dansk oversættelse af dokumentet "Klarheit und gute Nachbarschaft" ved Lars Brinth. Download.

Folkekirke og Religionsmøde, Rapport fra lytterunde blandt muslimske organisationer og moskeer (2006).
Efter Muhammedkrisen i 2006 foretog Folkekirke og Religionsmøde en lytterunde til 22 muslimske organisationer og moskeer. Religionsmøde. Download.

Folkekirke og Religionsmøde, Rapport fra den anden konference for kristne og muslimske ledere i Danmark (2007)
Rapporten fra konferencen, som blev holdt i Imam Ali Islamisk Center (Ahlul Bait) i København, indeholder manuskripter eller referater af taler, referater af diskussioner, pressemeddelse mv. Download.

Fück, Jonathan, De arabiske studier i Europa (1995)
Dansk oversættelse af "Die arabischen Studien in Europa bis in den Anfang des 20. Jaharhundert". Download.

Hansen, John & Kim Hundevadt, "Muhammed-krisen - sådan gik det til". Jp.dk 30. sept. 2006.
Artiklen bygger på bogen "Provoen og Profeten - Muhammedkrisen bag kulisserne, som udkom på Jyllands-Postens forlag i maj 2006. Download.

Ihle, Annette Haaber, "Magt, medborgerskab og muslimske friskoler. Traditioner, idealer og politkker". Københavns Universitet (2007).
Arbejdspapir. Download.

Johansen, Birgitte Schepelern, Imamuddannelser i Europa (2006)
Download.

Luther, Martin, Kampen mod muslimerne (1528)
En dansk oversættelse af Luthers skrift mod muslimerne. Klik her.

Mogensen, Mogens S., Anmeldelse af Riddell & Cotterell, Islam in Context (2003)
For tre år siden udgav Peter G. Riddell og Peter Cotterell fra London bogen ”Islam in Context”. Midt i den syndflod af bøger om islam, som er udkommet de seneste år, skiller denne bog sig ud, som en bog, der i modsætning til så mange andre gennem sin afbalancerede og nuancerede fremstilling kan være med til at råde bod på manges overfladiske kendskab til islam og dertilhørende udbredte fordomme om muslimer." For at læse hele Mogens S. Mogensens anmeldelse af bogen, klik her.

Nissen, Karsten , "Vi skal møde islam med både dialog og mission"
"Vi må være besindige og lære at skelne mellem islam som tro og muslimer som medmennesker. Islam som tro skal vi modsige klart og klogt med evangeliets ord - muslimer som medmennesker skal vi møde med respekt, åbenhed, kærlighed og tillid. Derfor skal vi møde islam i Danmark med både dialog og mission," skriver biskop Karsten Nissen i en kronik i Berlingske Tidende  den 16. april 2006. Læs mere.

Mellemkirkeligt Råds møder muslimske ledere i Cairo
En delegation fra Det Mellemkirkelige Råd med biskopperne Erik Norman Svendsen og Niels Henrik Arendt i spidsen besøgte den 18. - 25. maj 2003 Cairo, hvor man bl.a. etablerede kontakter til muslimske ledere. "Besøget hos Storsheik Dr Mohammed Tantawy fra Al Azhar Universitetet og med ministeren for Rådet for Islamiske Anliggender H.E. Mahmoud Hamdi Zakzouk og formanden for Rådet for islamiske kristen Dialog Fawzy El Zifzaf samt besøget i Al Azhar moskeen gav alle et varieret, nuanceret og grundigt indtryk af muslimske holdninger og meninger i disse centralt placerede organer. Vi kunne let have underskrevet en aftale om samarbejde og dialog mellem folkekirken og Islam i Egypten i lighed med både den romerskkatolske kirke ved paven og den anglikanske kirke ved ærkebiskop Carey. Men vores ærinde var snarere at møde forskellige autoriteter inden for Islam, høre og lære af deres synspunkter og se hvor Al Azhar står mht. dialog mellem kristne og muslimer både i Egypten og blandt de muslimske immigranter i Vesten. I det hele taget var vi interesserede i at høre om deres syn på Islam i Vesten og den mulige integration i værtssamfundene."  Download.

"Nostra Aetate" (1965)
Det andet vatikanerkoncils erklæring om forholdet til ikke-kristne religioner "I vor tid". Download.

Otterbeck, Jonas & Pieter Bevelander, "Islamofobi - en studie av begreppet, ungomars attyder, och unga muslimars uttsathet (2006)
Download.

Tidsskrift for islamforskning (online)
Dette online tidsskrift udgives af Foreningen for Islamforskning (FIFO).
Nr. 1 - 2006 - Danske koranstudier. Download.
Nr. 2 - 2007-  Hverdagsislam. Download.

Viftrup, Lars, "Den folkekirkelige islam-diskurs. En Post-kolonial analyse" (2005)
Bogen indeholder både en god indføring i post-kolonial teori og en spændende analyse af den folkekirkelige debat om forholdet til islam. For at læse anmeldelsen, Klik her.

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Islam og menneskerettighederne
Igen og igen dukker spørgsmålet om islams forhold til menneskerettighederne op i debatten. For at få adgang til en række centrale dokumenter og artikler om emnet, klik her.

Islamisk Charter
Det islamiske centralråd har udarbejdet et charter, som præciserer muslimernes holdning til en række aktuelle samfundsforhold, herunder demokrati og menneskerettigheder. Læs charteret her.

Artikler om Islam

På denne side findes artikler og papers om islam og mødet mellem islam og kristendommen skrevet af Mogens S. Mogensen.

Islams ansigter i Afrika (2008)
Islam er en religion som også i Afrika har mange ansigter. Der er ikke altid skarpe grænser mellem disse forskellige former for islam, og den enkelte muslim kan være præget af flere strømninger samtidig. Fx. kulturislam, traditionel islam, konservativ islam, moderne islam, sufi-islam, folkeislam, militant islam. Islam har mange ansigter i Afrika, og derfor er der også brug for mange forskellige tilgange til mission blandt muslimer. Afgørende for evangeliets udbredelse er det imidlertid hvordan muslimerne oplever kristendommens ansigter i Afrika. Download.

Biskop Erik Norman Svendsen om religionsmøde - en anmeldelse
"Den stærke stærke retorik og generelle mistænkeliggørelse, der ofte præger dagens debat om islam, er direkte skadelig for vores fremtidige sameksistens", skriver biskop Erik Norman Svendsen i bogen "Menneske først. Religionsmøde på kryds og tværs" (Unitas forlag), som gengiver oplevelser og refleksioner under et studieophold i Mellemøsten. Læs mere.

Rapport fra lytterunde blandt muslimske organisationer og moskeer
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Rapport skrevet sammen med Leif Vestergaard og Safet Bektovic, og udgivet af Folkekirke og Religionsmøde. Download.

Tolerance and the New Pluralism. Towards a Post-secular Society with Religions in the Public Square
Paper presented at the Muslim Danish Youth Dialogue Forum "The Search for Mutual Understanding" in Abu Dhabi, The United ARab Emirates 14 -17 April 2006. To read or download the article in fdf-format. Download.

The Role of Media in Portraying Events. Legal, Ethical and Theological Perspectives on Media and Communication
Paper presented at the Muslim Danish Youth Dialogue Forum "The Search for Mutual Understanding" in Abu Dhabi, The United ARab Emirates 14 -17 April 2006. To read or download the article in fdf-format, Download.

Mødet med islam og muslimer - tydning og medvandring
Artikel i ICHTHYS - Menighedsfakultetets Studenterblad Nr. 2. maj 2005 om mødet med islam og muslimer som en udfordring til tydning og tydeliggørelse af kristendommen og til en medvandring med muslimerne. For at læse hele artiklen i pdf-format, Download.

Er det religionsblanderi at acceptere Isa-muslimer som kristne
Artikel i Udfordringen april 2003 af Svend Løbner bl.a. om Mogens S. Mogensens forskning om menigheder for kristne med muslimsk baggrund. Download.

Islam som udfordring for folkekirken
Et kapitel i en bog, redigeret af Harald Nielsen som udgives af Unitas Forlag i januar 2003: Til et folk de alle høre. Download.

Gudsbillede, skriftsyn og frelsesforståelse i islam og kristendom
Artiklen giver en kort introduktion til forskelle og ligheder mellem islam og kristendom på tre centrale områder. Download

Islam-mission
Artiekl om hindringer for islammission. Download

Islam og teologi
I dag er det nødvendigt, teologer, der skal være præster i den danske folkekirke, i deres studium beskæftiger sig med islam (og andre religioner), da Danmark er ved at udvikle sig til et multireligiøst samfund. Download.

Islam i Afrika
Artiklen præsenterer en kristen afrikansk organisation, Project for Christian Muslim Relations in Africa (PROCMURA), der har til formål at udruste menighederne i kirkerne syd for Sahara til mødet med muslimerne i en fredelig dialog og med en relevant forkyndelse. Download.

Artikler om islam og kristendom på engelsk
Her findes en række artikler på engelsk, som ikke i øvrigt er tilgængelige på dansk.

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