Apostasi i Egypten


Stormuftien i Egypten, Ali Gomaa, udtaler, at muslimer har lov til at forlade islam, uden at blive straffet i denne verden, mens de må forvente hård straf af Gud for deres synd. Udtalelserne har ført til stor debat i Egypten om retten til konvertering. I praksis har muslimers ret til at konvertere fx. til kristendommen været umuliggjort pga. myndighedernes afvisning af at ændre konvertitternes religiøse status i deres identitetspapirer. - En muslim, som er konverteret til islam, Hegazy, kæmper nu for sin ret til at blive registreret som kristen.

Ali Gomaa, "The Meaning of Jihad in Islam" - art. in WashingtonPost.com - 21/7/07
"The essential question before us is can a person who is Muslim choose a religion other than Islam? The answer is yes, they can, because the Quran says, “Unto you your religion, and unto me my religion,” [Quran, 109:6], and, “Whosoever will, let him believe, and whosoever will, let him disbelieve,” [Quran, 18:29], and, “There is no compulsion in religion. The right direction is distinct from error,” [Quran, 2:256].These verses from the Quran discuss a freedom that God affords all people. But from a religious perspective, the act of abandoning one’s religion is a sin punishable by God on the Day of Judgment." Læs mere

Michelle Vu, "Egypt's Top Religious Advisor OKs Muslims Leaving Islam" - The Christian Post 22/7/07
“The act of abandoning one’s religion is a sin punishable by God on the Day of Judgment,” explained Gomaa, emphasizing that faith is a matter between an individual and God. “If the case in question is one of merely rejecting faith, then there is no worldly punishment.” However, Gomaa noted that if the conversion challenged the “foundation of society” then it should go through the judicial system, though he did not elaborate. Læs mere.

Egypt mufti denies saying Muslims can choose own religion  - Yahoo News 24/07/07
"The body headed by Egypt's official religious advisor on Tuesday denied he had said that Muslims were free to change their faith, as had been reported by a US Washington Post-Newsweek forum on Islam."  Læs mere.

Michelle Vu, "Egypt's Top Islamic Scholar Clears Up Muslim Conversion Controversy" - The Christian Post - 26/07/07
Egypt’s top religious advisor attempted Thursday to clear up controversy that had been building up this past week over his reported statement that Muslims are free to convert to other faiths. Læs mere.

Jonathan Spollen, The Guardian, "The Conversion Factor" - Free Copts 28/7/07
The Egyptian Grand Mufti has thrown fuel on one of the country’s most contentious sectarian issues: religious conversion. Læs mere.

Egypt: Muslim Sues for Right to Convert to Christianity - Compass Direct News 07/08/07
"A Muslim convert to Christianity filed suit against Egypt last week for refusing to legally recognize his change of religion, sparking a reactionary lawsuit by Muslim clerics and death threats against his lawyer." Læs mere.

Nashwa Abdel-Tawab, "Whoever will let him disbelieve" - Al-Ahram Weekly Online 9-15 August
"In order to maintain the balance of the original article, my press team sent out a statement emphasising responsibility and that apostasy is a grave sin, and, when combined with sedition, it is punishable in both this world and the next." "This balanced opinion is one that I have held for years, and I have included it in my books and lectures. It is a position that I have never retracted." Læs mere.

Christians who helped convert held in Egypt - Reuters Africa 09/08/07
"Police have detained two Egyptian Christians who helped a man who converted from Islam to Christianity". Læs mere.

Egypt in Uproar Over Christian Convert Case - Christian Post 10/08/07
"An unprecedented legal battle involving a Christian convert has sparked national uproar in Egypt with the convert and people involved in the case facing multiple death threats, raids on their homes, and intense interrogation by the government." Læs mere.

Egypt convert continues legal case despite threats - Reuters Africa - 08/08/07
"An Egyptian who has set a precedent by seeking official recognition of his conversion from Islam to Christianity says he will continue his quest despite receiving death threats. Mohamed Hegazy told Reuters he was also looking for another lawyer after his attorney, Mamdouh Nakhla, dropped the case on Tuesday because he did not want to offend public opinion in mostly Muslim Egypt." Læs mere.

Christianity in Egypt: Current Legal Challenges - Christianity Today 13/08/07
"Article 46 of the Egyptian Constitution provides that “The State shall guarantee the freedom of belief and the freedom of practice of religious rites.” Læs mere.

Egypt, Muslim convert to Christianity fears for life - Middle East Times 14/08/07
"An Egyptian Muslim who converted to Christianity has gone into hiding saying that he feared for his life after receiving death threats for apostasy, a punishment supported by many Muslim clerics. Mohammed Ahmed Higazi says that he converted at the age of 16 but was now trying to get this officially recognized so that the unborn baby being carried by his wife, who has also converted, would be born a Christian." Læs mere

Egyptian Christian Convert Vows Not to Give Up - The Christian Post - 14/07/07
“I know there are fatwas (religious edicts) to shed my blood, but I will not give up and I will not leave the country,” said 25-year-old Hegazy to The Associated Press from his hideout last Thursday. Læs mere.

Human Rigths Watch, Prohibited Identities. State Interference with Religious Freedom
This report from November 2007 analyses the insufficient rights of religious freedom in Egypt today, including the difficulties for those who want to convert to other religions than Islam. Download.