Nationalisme

Nationalisme, som var en stærk bevægelse i det 19. århundrede, optræder i dag på ny i Europa og andre verdensdelse.

 

Bartlett, Jamie & Jonathan Birdwell & Mark Littler, The New Face of Digital Populism (2011)
"Nationalist populist parties and movements are now a force to be reckoned with in many Western European countries. Their rise in popularity has gone hand-in-hand with the advent of social media, and they are adept at using new technology to amplify their message, recruit and organise." Download.

BBC, Europe: Nationalist Resurgence (2011)
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Blokker, Paulo, "Populist Nationalism, Anti-Europeanism, Post- nationalism, and the East-West Distinction"
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Calance, Mădălina, "The Rise of Nationalism in the European Union" (2011)
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"Europe's Far Right: Culture Matters More" (The Economist, April 12, 2012)
"After the second world war the far-right was taboo in much of Europe. As memories of the war fade, Europe’s far-right parties have adopted the welfare aspirations of the centre-left and flavoured them with protectionism and nationalism. Their increasing popularity suggests that this recipe will go down well—unless mainstream parties find ways to calm voters’ pressing anxieties over culture, identity and Europe’s way of life." Download.

Kwok, Kevin & Anna Pivorvarchuk, "Populism, Nationalism and Globalisation: The New Far Right?" (Fair Observer, October 10, 2012)
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Langenbacher, Nora & Britta Schellenberg (eds.), Is Europe on the "Right" Path? Right-wing Extremism and Right-wing Populism in Europe (Friedrich Ebert Stiftung)
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Moeller, Joergen Oerstroem, "The Deadly Cocktail: Nationalism, Populism, and Inequality" (World Future Society 2011)
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Nationalist Populism Rising in Europe (TheTrumpet.com, Jan. 17, 2007)
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Nations and Nationalism (tidsskrift)
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Pamir, Peri, "Nationalism, Ethnicity and Democracy: Contemporary Manifestations" (The International Journal of Peace Studies)
The author distinguishes between three broad - and sometimes overlapping - contemporary varieties, namely, state nationalism, ethno-nationalism and, "protest" nationalism, encompassing both right-wing nationalist movements in Europe and the former Soviet Union as well as the phenomenon of religious fundamentalism.
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Strazay, Tomas, "The Incongruent Culture? Nationalist-Populism and Democratization of Post-Communist Central Europe"
"I consider nationalist and populism to be complementary concepts that merely go together. While nationalism is rather an ideology, than populism describes how this ideology is used, or abused by political elites – masses relationship. Basically, I operationalize nationalist-populism as nationalist ideology that is employed by political elites in a populist way. In other words, the nationalist-populist political leaders claim to speak for the whole people and mobilize support by playing on national sentiments, ethnic hostilities, fears and prejudices, as well as on the views about the law and order that have a discriminatory character."Download.

The Guardian, "Europe's 'nationalist populists' and far right - interactive"
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Sunderland, Claire, "Nationalism in the 21st Century" (e-International Relations, January 17, 2012)
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Walker, Peter & Mathew Taylor, "Far right on the rise in Europe, says report" (The Guardian, Nov. 6, 2011)
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Walker, Tom, "Europe's Far Right Rises" (Red Pepper 2009)
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Wheeler, William, Europe's New Fascists (The New York Times Sunday Review, November 17, 2012)
"European leaders must not cede the battleground in the war of ideas. They should publicly denounce parties that espouse racist doctrines and spew hate-filled rhetoric and clearly define and defend the shared values of an increasingly integrated Europe. To do so, they must develop a Pan-European approach to monitoring hate crimes and investigating right-wing extremist networks that operate across borders. And the European Union must ensure that all member states, old and new, respect the same criteria that countries currently aspiring to join the European Union are required to meet, especially maintaining the “stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights, respect for and protection of minorities.” Otherwise, Europe faces the specter of more xenophobic violence and the unraveling of the liberal democratic order that has drawn so many persecuted people to seek asylum and opportunity on European shores." Download.


Globalisering og nationalisme


Hall, Stuart, "The Local and the Global" (In Anthony D. King (ed.), Culture, Globalization and the World-System: Contemporary Conditions for the Representation of Identity. University of Minesota Press. 1997).
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Religion og nationalisme

Den religiøse dimension af nationalisme er har i de senere år været genstand for forskning. Her bringes nogle af de vigtigste bidrag til forståelsen af forholdet mellem religion og natioanlisme.

Brubaker, Rogers, "Religion and Nationalism: Four Approaches" (Nations and Nationalism, Vol 18,1:20-22. January)
"Building on recent literature, this article discusses four ways of studying the relationship between religion and nationalism. The first is to treat religion and nationalism, along with ethnicity and race, as analogous phenomena. The second is to specify ways in which religion helps explain things about nationalism – its origin, its power or its distinctive character in particular cases. The third is to treat religion as part of nationalism, and to specify modes of interpenetration and intertwining. The fourth is to posit a distinctively religious form of nationalism. The article concludes by reconsidering the much-criticised understanding of nationalism as a distinctively secular phenomenon." Download.

Juergensmeyer, Mark, "Religious Nationalism and Transnationalism in a Global World"
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Links

UNITED for Intercultural Action European network against nationalism, racism, fascism
and in support of migrants and refugees

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